Benevento Is a city in Italy in the Campania region.
According to legend Benevento was founded by the Greek hero Diomedes, who arrived in Italy after the destruction of Troy. Diomedes brought with him the fang of a Calydonian boar killed by Meleager, uncle of Diomedes. Since then, the boar is a symbol Benevento .
Historians write that Benevento was founded by osk. Then the Samnites lived here.
The ancient Romans appeared on the lands Benevento in 314 BC, at that time the settlement was called Maleventum and was one of the main centers of the Samnites. But the Romans succeeded in making the city their colony only in 268 BC, then the city changed its name to Beneventum.
The role of the city grew when they laid the path of Trajan, which was a continuation of the Appian Way. Benevento growing and flourishing, it was the second largest city after Capua in southern Italy.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Benevento conquered by Visigoths, Vandals and Goths.
In the year 571, the Lombards came, having founded their duchy. In the year 840, the duchy Benevento divided into two principalities with capitals in Salerno and Capua.
In the XI century. Benevento came under the rule of the Normans, which lasted several centuries. Then came the time of Anjou and Aragonese dominions.
Then the Bourbons came to power. In 1798 Benevento conquered Napoleon.
And in 1860 Benevento became part of the united Italy.
At this time, many new buildings and monuments were built, agriculture began to develop - the cultivation of tobacco, wheat, confectionery, and the production of liquors and ceramics became famous.
History Center Benevento located on a hill between the rivers Calore and Sabato.
The city plan was laid by the ancient Romans, modern Garibaldi Avenue (corso Garibaldi) was a dekuman (a road that runs from west to east).
Now rolling into each other corso garibaldi and corso dante are the central streets of Benevento with many shops and cafes, on the sides of them are located the historical areas of the city.
The Lombards surrounded the city with a wall, but only sections remained of it.
Corso garibaldi originates from fortress Beneventowhich is called Rocca dei Rettori.
The first defensive structures at this place were erected by the Samnites, then the Romans built baths here, the ruins of which have survived to this day in the fortress garden. The fortress got its name in the Middle Ages, when rulers (rettori) opposed the pope settled in the castle.
In 871, the Lombards added to the fortress the Torrione tower, which stands aside, and in 1320 the papal palace appeared.
Behind the fortress is a garden with panoramic views of Benevento. The garden is surrounded by greenery and sculptures of modern art.
Opposite the fortress is the building of the Commercial Chamber.
Let's go through corso garibaldi before Hagia Sophia Church (Chiesa di Santa Sofia). We recognize her by the towering bell tower, which dates from the XVIII century.
Church of St. Sophia.
The church is under the protection of UNESCO.
It was erected in 760 during the Lombard period, it is one of the most significant buildings of the Lombards in Italy, preserved to this day. In terms of the church has a star. The church was hit hard in the 1688 earthquake and was rebuilt in the Baroque style. Historical forms were hidden and rediscovered only in 1951 during the restoration.
The church was part of the monastery complex, now there is a museum that consists of 4 expositions: archeology, the Middle Ages, art and history.
Move on corso garibaldiat the intersection with via Traiano, We'll see Arch of Trajan.
Arch of Trajan.
Arch of Trajan - one of the best examples of ancient Roman monuments. The arch was erected in honor of Emperor Trajan in 114-117. at the beginning of the road of the same name. She has one arch. The arch is decorated with bas-reliefs depicting peaceful and military scenes.
In the Middle Ages, the arch was included in the wall surrounding the city.
The height of the arch is 15.60 meters, the height of the arch is 8 meters. It is made of limestone and faced with marble.
Let's walk past the arch along via S. Pasquale, at its very beginning there will be another church of the Lombards - Church of St. Hilaria at the gates of Aurelius. The church was erected in the VI-VII centuries. In the XVII century. the church was closed for religious worship. In 2003, the church was restored.
Church of St. Hilaria.
Back on corso Garibaldi.
On piazza papiniano square is Egyptian obelisk, which was once in the temple of Isis. The temple was erected in 88-89. during the time of the emperor Domitian. Now the temple is destroyed, preserved sculptures and fragments of bas-reliefs that are stored in the museum.
Egyptian obelisk. Benevento.
Corso garibaldi and piazza orsini form a spacious place above which rises angular and monumental Cathedralwhich dates back to 780. In the XII century. it was expanded, updated the facade in the Romanesque style. The Gothic style bell tower was added in 1280.
But the cathedral was badly damaged during the bombing in 1943, only the bell tower, facade and crypt along with frescoes remained from it. The modern cathedral was erected after the war.
Let's go to Via Teatro Romano, here it is roman theater they began to build in 126 under the emperor Andrian, and finished under the emperor Caracalla in 200-210. During the Lombards, the theater was abandoned and partially dismantled for the construction of houses and churches. The theater was opened for visits only in 1957. The diameter of the theater is 90 meters and can accommodate 10 thousand spectators.
Back to the avenue viale san lorenzowhich is a continuation corso garibaldi and corso dante. We have already left the historical center Beneventobut here are some interesting sights.
At the very beginning of the avenue there is a stone statue Bull Bue Apis. An Egyptian statue was found in the Sabato River in 1629. Most likely the sacred Egyptian bull was in the temple of Isis, which existed in Benevento in the 1st century
From here you can see the majestically towering Basilica della Madonna del Grazie (Basilica della Madonna delle Grazie) dedicated to the patron saint Beneventowhich holiday takes place on July 2. The first stone was laid in 1839, but the basilica was consecrated only in 1901. The neoclassical facade fits beautifully into the perspective of the street.
On the other side of the railway station is the ancient Roman Leproso Bridge. The bridge is thrown over the Sabato River, so the ancient Appian Way comes to the city, which then turns onto Brindisi. The bridge was built in the III century. BC. During the earthquake of 1702, he was badly damaged and was restored by Giovan Battista Nauklerio, who reduced the number of arches from five to four.
If you arrived in Benevento by train, it is more convenient to go along the route in the opposite direction.
A - Fortress
B - Hagia Sophia
C - Arch of Trajan
D - Church of St. Hilaria
E - Egyptian Obelisk
F - Cathedral
G - Roman Theater
H - Basilica della Madonna del Grazie
I - Leproso Bridge
And here you ask: "Why the title says that Benevento is a city of witches, but there was nothing magical." And here is why.
From time immemorial Benevento is known as the city of witches.. Legend has it that all Italian witches gathered for a sabbath near a walnut tree in Benevento on the banks of the Sabato River.
It was believed that the walnut was especially loved by demons, so the witches chose a place near it for their gatherings. A detailed description of the pagan traditions of witches is found in the book of Peter Pipernus De nuce maga beneventana. The huge tree is covered with leaves all year round, and the nuts on it have the shape of a pyramid, they were expensive because people believed that these nuts could protect against accidents and heal from various diseases. Serpents hung from a tree, which the inhabitants of Benevento worshiped as a deity. This all dates back to pagan Roman times.
But Pipernus writes about the Christian XVI century, when during interrogation and torture, a certain Violanta admitted that she worshiped the goddess Diana and the dance goddess Erodias (or Herodias) by the walnut tree, supposedly they had a feast and dance.
In modern Benevento, you can find souvenirs with a girl on a broomstick, visit the witch museum or buy herbal witch liquor “Witch”.
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The Italians know how not only to talk beautifully about love, but also to make cute and romantic films, where the main characters find the most soulful words, and their views do not lie. Not the last role the place plays here,.
Interesting places Benevento
The site contains Benevento attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see Benevento, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Benevento.
This is the main church of Benevento, standing on the site of the first Christian church. The new cathedral expanded its territory every year. Frequent earthquakes destroyed the church, after which it was restored and expanded again.
The church has had its present appearance since the 1950s. Restoration work in the church continues to this day.
The facade of the temple is lined with white marble and is distinguished by six arcades, two imposts and the main portal, over which a window with a mosaic is visible, and in one of the lower windows a 13th-century knight is depicted.
Inside the temple, everything is modern. Only the statue of St. Bartolomeo of the beginning of the 14th century, a crypt of the 7th century, a bas-relief of the beginning of the 18th century that depicts the Baptism of Jesus and a wooden crucifix of the 18th century have survived.
Church of Santa Sofia
The church was founded by the Lombard ruler Arequis II in about 760, and the church was dedicated to Hagia Sophia.
In the XVII and XVIII centuries, the church was seriously affected by earthquakes, after which the building was restored, but in the Baroque style. In the process of restoration, the church became round (it was previously star-shaped) two side chapels of the apse were attached to it, the facade and columns were completely changed. Many frescoes with images of fragments of scenes of the life of Christ and Mary almost did not survive.
Inside the temple in the very center there are six columns supporting the dome of the church. Art connoisseurs will see a 13th-century bas-relief in Santa Sofia, part of the surviving 8th-century frescoes and a 12th-century cloister through which it is easy to enter the Samnite Museum.
What sights of Benevento did you like? Next to the photo area there are icons, by clicking on which you can evaluate this or that place.
Arch of Trajan
Arch of Trajan is located in the northern part of the historic city center, 400 m northeast of the Cathedral and 300 m northwest of the Priorov Castle. The arch was built in 114-117 AD in honor of the emperor Trajan and on the occasion of the opening of the Trajan road, part of the Appian Way from Benevento to Brindisi.
In photo mode, you can view the sights of Benevento only from photographs.
Rocca dei Rettori Fortress (Benevento)
Benevento Castle (Priori Castle, Rocca dei Rettori, Rocca di Manfredi) is located on the highest points of the city - Castle Square and Square on November 4. The fortress is 28 m long. Around the castle, the Samnites built many defensive structures, the ruins of which can be seen in the garden of Rocca dei Rettori.
The fortress consists of the Big Tower and the Governor's Palace. In the 14th century, Pope John XII turned the castle into the residence of papal priors. In the XVIII century the fortress was used as a prison.
At the front of the ramp is a monument to the left, erected in 1640 in honor of Pope Urban VIII. The medieval lion in the form of an octagon symbolizes the vigilance, grandeur and strength of the ancient Samit peoples.
In front of the entrance to the Great Tower is a bronze statue of Emperor Trajan.
Now the castle is the administration of Benevento, and in the tower - the historical department of the museum of Samnia.
The most popular sights of Benevento with descriptions and photographs for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Benevento on our website.
Prior to the arrival of the Romans, who changed his name to Beneventum, there was a Samnite settlement, Maleventum. The Appian Way passed through it, allowing the Romans to use it as a bridgehead to spread their influence in southern Italy. Near Benevento in 275 BC e. lost his last battle with the Romans, the emperor king Pierre.
In 214 and 212 BC. e. under Benevente, the Carthaginians were defeated by the Romans in the Second Punic War.
In the last years of the empire, Benevent was defeated by the Gothic leader Totila. The Lombards, who chose Benevente as the center of their power in southern Italy, took up its restoration. The Duchy of Benevento, created by them in 571, remained the most important political entity south of Rome until the end of the 9th century, when, due to internal conflicts, it lost all significance. In the XI century, the Byzantines owned the city, then until the unification of Italy - the pope.
In 860, Prince Benevento Adelhiz granted asylum to the fugitives Lambert and Hildebert, Count Camerino, who plotted against King Louis II of Italy.
A little later, Adelhiz, along with Prince Salerno Gwöfer and the Duke of Naples, Sergius II, led the uprising of the southern Italian nobility. In 871, they were joined by Lambert, who became the Duke of Spoleto, and his relative Lambert Lysy, the new Count Camerino. Prince Benevento captured Louis II and kept him in custody for more than a month, from August 13 to September 17, 871 - the emperor was released after taking an oath not to take revenge on the rebels, but immediately after his release Spoleto and Camerino were confiscated by him. Lambert II again found refuge in Prince Adelhiz, this time with Lambert Lysy. In 872, they fought with the Saracens, defeating their army, which besieged Salerno.
The following year, Pope John VIII freed Louis II from the oath that he had given to Adelhiz, after which the emperor besieged Benevento - however, failed.
In 1266, under the walls of Benevento, King Charles of Anjou defeated the last Staufen monarch, Manfred of Sicily, and seized his kingdom.
In 1806, the great chamberlain fr France Talleyrand received from Napoleon the title of Prince Benevento. In 1814, after the defeat of Napoleon, Talleyrand, as Minister of Foreign Affairs, agreed on the terms of the Paris Peace Treaty, under which Benevento returned to the power of the Pope. In return, he received the title of Prince de Talleyrand.
Etymology edit |The history of the city of witches
In the rich history of the city of Benevento, one interesting fact deserves attention - the rulers constantly changed in the city. In ancient times, the city was called Malovent, which the Romans translated as “a place of misfortune,” and probably not without reason. Historians claim that the city was founded by the Samnites, around 270 BC the city was conquered by the Romans. In 571, Benevento became the capital of southern Longobardia, in the XI century came under the papal protectorate, until a couple of centuries later was conquered by Frederick II. After the city was returned to the Church again, in the 17th century the Spanish king Ferdinand IV of Bourbon invaded its territory, and at the beginning of the 19th century Benevento became part of the Partenopean Republic. Further, the city belonged to Napoleon for 9 years, in 1815 it again went to the Church, and only in 1860 became an Italian province.
One curious legend is connected with this city - in the Middle Ages the city was called the city of witches.Legends say that the island was awash with witches, goblins and devils, it was here that the Holy Inquisition discovered the largest number of witchcraft sabbaths. In memory of those times, the city still drink Strega liquor, that is, "Witch".
The main fortress of the city, Rocca dei Rettori (Rocca dei Rettori) - a defensive structure from the time of the Samnites, where papal rectors were based in the Middle Ages. The royal castle was located in the corner tower, and the local council is now sitting in the Papal Palace.
A little further from the fortress is the church of Hagia Sophia (Santa Sofia) of the 8th century, built in the Baroque style after the earthquake of 1688.
One of the most preserved and significant monuments of the city is considered to be the Arch of Trajan (Arco di Traiano), dated to the II century. The arch is dedicated to the military successes of Trajan, its 16-meter-high facade is decorated with bas-reliefs and marble trim.
Famous for its acoustics, the Roman Theater (Teatro romano di Benevento) was built in 130, and rebuilt at the beginning of the II century. In the 30s of the XX century, reconstruction was carried out here, parts of the original structure have been preserved to this day, now the theater gives performances in the summer.
The Palazzo Paolo V on Corso Garibaldi Street was erected between the 16th and 17th centuries, it was the first house in the city where light was led.
On the square Federico Torre (La Torre di Re Federico) is the basilica of San Bortolomeo (Basilica di San Bartolomeo) 1112 built. Twice destroyed by earthquakes and rebuilt, the basilica is one of the most beautiful in the city. The relics of St. Bartholomew are stored in the church, fragments of a Roman bas-relief from the time of construction are preserved here.
Despite the small size of the city, many other attractions, historical and architectural monuments, on which different centuries and cultures have left their mark, are located here.
There are 29 accommodation options in hotels or apartments in Benevento. We have selected for you the best reviews from tourists.
Grand hotel italiano
Grand Hotel Italiano, Viale Principe Di Napoli, 137 - the oldest hotel in the city near the train station and the Cathedral. It offers free internet, comfortable rooms with classic interiors, buffet breakfasts and organization of city tours.
Hotel Villa Traiano
Hotel Villa Traiano offers modern rooms in a villa near the arch of Trajan. Guests are offered a lounge area, a tea lounge, a comfortable veranda where you can enjoy continental specialties and homemade cakes for breakfast.
Hotel Vittoria is located in a suburban area, a 10-minute drive from Benevento. It offers modern rooms with private bathrooms, balconies, TVs and air conditioning. It offers 24-hour room service, free parking, attractions and restaurants near the hotel.
Domus Traiani is a hotel with elegant, comfortable rooms and a patio. For breakfast, you will be offered aromatic coffee with homemade cakes, cheese or ham. It offers en suite rooms, a living room and a kitchen. Walking distance to the pedestrian zone, a kilometer from the hotel - railway station and Roman Theater.
Pinus Rooms is set in a stone house a 5-minute drive from the train station. The bright rooms are equipped with dark wood furniture, a minibar, TVs, and necessary hygiene products. It features a large garden and kitchenettes in the apartments. Delicious coffee and fresh croissants are served for breakfast in your room.
B&B Le Streghe
B&B Le Streghe - Via Mario La Vipera, 54 is a cozy hotel with 3 rooms in a quiet area, close to the Hagia Sophia. It offers comfortable rooms with private bathrooms. The self-service breakfast consists of coffee, milk and croissants. Bicycle rental is available, and parking is 400 meters away.
When you are in Benevento, be sure to try the local cuisine, which is famous outside of Italy. Local dishes are prepared according to old recipes and are simple ingredients. It is recommended to try homemade pasta, cookies stuffed with nuts, white nougat, lamb sausages with garlic and parsley and, certainly, local wines and herbal liqueur Strega.
Dionisio, a restaurant serving Italian, Mediterranean and European cuisine, is located at Via Alfonso de Blasio, 3. The restaurant is located in the city center, in a stone building with vaulted ceilings. The chef will offer you traditional dishes with the addition of modern elements, new tastes and aromas.
Locanda Scialapopolo at Via Francesco Paga 69 is a great family-run diner, serving Mediterranean cuisine, seafood, soups and vegetarian dishes. Here you can have breakfast according to the "buffet" system, order food with you, relax with your children or make a business meeting, dine cheaply.
Ristorante Nunzia at Via Annunziata, 152 It offers Mediterranean and traditional Italian cuisine from 13:00 to 23:00 daily. For your convenience, Wi-Fi, highchairs, wheelchair access, friendly staff that will do everything for your comfort.
How to get there
From Naples Airport, 93 km away, you can take a taxi, which is best ordered in advance via the Internet at kiwitaxi.ru. The road will take about an hour. With taxi drivers in southern Italy you need to be especially careful.
By train, Benevento can be reached from Avellino, Campobasso, Foggia, Bari, Naples and Rome. From Naples, a direct regional train takes about 2 hours and costs 5.10 euros.
From Rome, Termini Station can also be reached several times a day by regional train for € 15.50, and the journey takes about 4 hours.
Read train tickets for Italy
• From Rome, on the A1 Napoli-Milano highway - exit onto Caianello, then onto the Telesina highway,
• On the Bologna-Bari highway, highway A14 - exit onto Termoli, then onto the Dei Due Principati highway,
• On the Naples-Bari highway, A16 highway - exit on Benevento,
• From Naples and Caserta, on the Appia highway.
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