Sights of Moscow - what to see and where to go in the city and the surrounding area. Description, photos, how to get, addresses, GPS-coordinates, tags on the map.
Moscow is a city of contrasts (whatever the heroine of the film “Diamond Hand” would say). Only here is Lenin's mummy and mosaic red banners in the vestibules of metro stations side by side with Louis Vouton boutiques, and in the same traffic jam there can be an old VAZ “penny” and a luxurious “Bugatti”. Here, the “popular USSR” in the GUM is adjacent to the real heritage of socialism in the sleeping areas, and between all this you can easily find estates and monasteries.
Muscovites consider it good practice to scold their city - for crowds, traffic jams, noise, not very clean air. But those who scold Moscow from the bottom of their hearts, love it passionately, as they say, from love to hate. In my article, I have lived in Moscow all my life, I will try to tell you only good things about her - this will be a kind of declaration of love to my native city.
The numbers of attractions in the text correspond to their numbers on map at the end of the article.
TOP-40 sights of Moscow:1. Moscow Kremlin — 2. Red Square — 3. St. Basil's Cathedral — 4. The Mausoleum of Lenin — 5. State Historical Museum — 6. GUM — 7. Nikolskaya street — 8. Park Zaryadye — 9. Central Children's World — 10. Bolshoi Theater — 11. Tverskaya street — 12. Pushkin Museum — 13. Old Arbat — 14. Cathedral of Christ the Savior — 15. "Red October" — 16. Gorky Park — 17. MUSEON art park — 18. Tretyakov Gallery — 19. "Bunker 42" — 20. The Winery — 21. Moscow Planetarium — 22. Moscow Zoo — 23. Grand Moscow Circus — 24. Moscow State University — 25. Sparrow Hills — 26. The Luzhniki Stadium — 27. Novodevichy Convent — 28. Moscow city — 29. Borodino panorama — 30. Arc de Triomphe — 31. Victory Park — 32. Ostankino TV tower — 33. VVC / VDNH — 34. Main Botanical Garden — 35. The Kremlin in Izmailovo — 36. Museum-Reserve “Kolomenskoye” — 37. Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno” — 38. Manor Kuskovo — 39. Seven Stalinist skyscrapers — 40. Moscow metro
1. Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin is a symbol of Russia (at least for foreigners). They may not know where Moscow is located and whose capital it is, but they know exactly what the Kremlin is - at least from television news releases.
The Kremlin is an ancient fortress, and a storehouse of beautiful museums and churches, and the residence of the President of the Russian Federation, and even a cemetery - in Soviet times, the highest party leaders were buried in the Kremlin wall. The length of the Kremlin walls is 2.5 km, they are fortified with 20 towers, the most famous of which is Spasskaya - it is against the background of its chimes that the president has a habit of reading out to Russians the New Year’s address.
Coordinates: 55.75202, 37.61749. Metro "Okhotny Ryad", "Revolution Square", "Lenin Library", "Borovitskaya", "Alexander Garden", "Arbat".
Tours in Moscow from local residents
For the most curious and sociable travelers, I recommend ordering non-banal excursions in Moscow from local residents. Muscovites themselves will be your guides: writers, artists, photographers, journalists - in love with their city and know almost everything about it.
At the booking stage, you need to pay online only 20% of the cost of the tour - the rest is given to the guide before it starts.
2. Red Square
Red Square is the main square of Russia. But, interestingly, not the biggest - such is Palace Square in St. Petersburg. It owes its name not to the red color of the Kremlin walls, but to beauty - in this case, the word "red" means "beautiful."
Even those who have never been to Moscow, Red Square is known for its famous military parades. By the way, in order for the soil under the paving stones to support the weight of multi-ton military vehicles, Stalin ordered a concrete base to be laid on it and paved again.
3. St. Basil's Cathedral
This is one of the most famous sights of Moscow, which has worldwide fame. Initially, the temple was called Pokrov-on-Rvu and was built in 1561 by order of Tsar Ivan the Terrible in honor of the capture of Kazan. The cathedral got its present name later, when in one of the chapels they buried St. Basil, the beloved holy fool.
Coordinates: 55.75252, 37.62308.
4. The Mausoleum of Lenin
The leader of the world proletariat rests in a strange building resembling a Babylonian ziggurat. Eight or ten times attempted on his poor mummy - just in case, she was placed under a transparent sarcophagus that could withstand a shot from a grenade launcher.
Interestingly, in the first years after the death of Stalin, the mausoleum was a "posthumous communal apartment" - the mummies of Lenin and Stalin reclined nearby. But then the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU happened, the debunking of the cult of personality and that suddenly became objectionable to Stalin was taken out of the mausoleum and buried in a simple, Kremlin wall.
Coordinates: 55.75371, 37.61988.
5. State Historical Museum
The largest museum in Russia - in the 39 halls of this tower-like building you can trace the entire history of the country - from the primitive society to the present day. Separate rooms are dedicated to the largest wars, the development of Siberia, the life of Russia during the time of the empire.
Relatively recently, the Historical Museum underwent a thorough reconstruction - retaining its former appearance, the museum acquired everything that a modern museum should have - screens, chairs for the disabled, etc.
Coordinates: 55.75533, 37.61784.
6. State Department Store (GUM)
The oldest trading house in the country - located on Red Square and is no less interesting in Moscow than the mausoleum or the Historical Museum. What in Soviet times, what GUM is now considered to be a luxury trading establishment - it used to be one of the few places in the country where there was a chance to run into a "deficit", now its shopping arcade is full of top-brand stores and author's show- rooms.
In recent years, the owners (or tenants) have been actively exploiting the legacy of the recent socialist past - the visuals, the style of "a la 70s", Muslim Magomayev from the speakers. And a walk around the GUM leaves you with the feeling that you have visited the "USSR of dreams, which it never was in reality."
Address: Red Square, 3, coordinates 55.75489, 37.62158.
7. Nikolskaya street
One of the most beautiful pedestrian streets in the center of Moscow, which received worldwide fame during the 2018 World Cup. It was here that the main Moscow “fan zone” spontaneously formed - fans from different countries on Nikolskaya arranged their incendiary performances, rejoiced in victories and poured beer into the bitterness of defeat.
Coordinates: 55.75769, 37.62334, metro station “Ploshchad Revolyutsii”.
8. Park Zaryadye
One of the most modern parks and entertainment complexes in Moscow. Once in this place, located behind the Trading Rows (as GUM used to be called), there was an ordinary city quarter Zaryadye. Then it was replaced by the Rossiya Hotel, and after its demolition, it was decided to create a unique park near the Kremlin - with a V-shaped viewing platform above the river, a concert hall, 4 landscape zones and an underground archaeological museum where artifacts are exhibited found during the construction of the park.
Coordinates: 55.75116, 37.62872, metro station “Ploshchad Revolyutsii”, “Kitay-gorod”.
9. Central Children's World
The main children's store of the country, a kind of "children's GUM." It is not recommended to go to the Children's Health Center with children - it will be very difficult to get them out of there. The store is a shopping complex, the sixth floor of which is occupied by a variety of children's supermarkets and boutiques - toys, clothes, etc.
Address: Teatralny pr-d, 5/1, metro Lubyanka, coordinates 55.76015, 37.62469.
10. Bolshoi Theater
The State Academic Bolshoi Theater is the largest in Russia and one of the most famous and respected theaters in the world. It was opened in 1825 with the play "The Triumph of Muses" - and this year is considered to be the year the theater was founded, although the theater troupe had already existed for half a century by that time.
The Bolshoi Theater can be considered an excellent indicator of the life of Russia - from the moment of its founding it burned more than once, was restored, was at the zenith of fame, then it burned and rebuilt again. Like the whole country.
Address: Teatralnaya sq., 1, metro "Teatralnaya", "Okhotny Ryad", "Ploshchad Revolyutsii", coordinates 55.76013, 37.61864.
11. Tverskaya street
Tverskaya is one of the most expensive streets in Europe, where almost every building is a historical and architectural monument. The best restaurants, hotels and clubs in the city have always been located here - for example, the English Club, where Pushkin liked to go, was once located on Tverskaya.
Coordinates: 55.7589, 37.61229, Okhotny Ryad, Tverskaya metro stations.
12. Pushkin Museum
Founded in 1912, it was originally called the Museum of Fine Arts of Emperor Alexander III. Its exposition presents a huge number of treasures of world culture - ancient sculptures, artifacts of Ancient Egypt, works of great artists of the Renaissance.
Address: st. Volkhonka 12, metro station Borovitskaya, Kropotkinskaya, coordinates 55.7473, 37.60511.
13. Old Arbat
The famous pedestrian street, one of the symbols of Moscow. By the way, Old Arbat is a pedestrian only a quarter century old, and before that it was an ordinary Moscow street - albeit covered with an infinite number of legends and traditions: Leo Tolstoy, Bulgakov, Akhmatova, Okudzhava, Vysotsky, Weller and many others sang it in their works.
Old Arbat is a microsocium with its own unique atmosphere, where the Vakhtangov Theater is several tens of meters from the “Tsoi Wall” - and passing them, you will hear many street musicians and see a lot of amateur performances.
Coordinates: 55.74944, 37.5911, metro station Smolenskaya, Arbatskaya.
14. Cathedral of Christ the Savior
The largest Orthodox cathedral in the world - as such, it is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The first temple of that name was built on the banks of the Moskva River by order of Emperor Alexander I in honor of the victory over Napoleon, but on December 5, 1931 it was blown up - the Soviet government decided that a pompous House of Soviets with a giant statue of Lenin on the roof would be more appropriate. But the House of Soviets did not come true - the war prevented, and after its completion, it was decided to build an open-air swimming pool "Moscow" on the site of the unfinished Soviet palace.
The current Cathedral of Christ the Savior was erected on the site of that pool at the end of the 90s of the last century - its appearance and interior are fully consistent with the blown up temple.
Address: st. Volkhonka, 15, Kropotkinskaya metro station, coordinates 55.74463, 37.60549.
15. "Red October"
One of the most fashionable places in Moscow, located on the spit of Bolotnoy Island, in the red-brick buildings of the former Krasny Oktyabr chocolate factory. The turning point was 2007, when the withdrawal of industrial capacities from the island was completed, and the vacant premises were filled with art galleries, reputable restaurants and stylish bars.
“Red October” is not least obliged for its popularity to its location - in the very center of Moscow, a stone's throw from the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Art Park and Gorky Park - all these sights of Moscow can be avoided during one walk.
Coordinates: 55.74127, 37.61015, metro Kropotkinskaya, Tretyakovskaya, Polyanka.
16. Gorky Park
One of the centers of Moscow life and an indicator of the mood of society. When in the 90s the pathos of the builders of communism was replaced by the cynicism of market relations, Gorky Park was almost overwhelmed with all kinds of barbecue shamans, trade stalls, advertising structures - and the entrance to the park was paid.
In 2011, Gorky Park underwent a total reconstruction, which turned it into the first world-class park in Russia - with thoughtful space for recreation and sports, decent catering points, and many others.
Coordinates: 55.72849, 37.6001, metro Park Kultury, Oktyabrskaya.
17. MUSEON art park
The largest open-air sculpture park in Russia. Once upon a time in the place of the present park there was an area with random development, which was demolished during the construction of the House of Artists and the Tretyakov Gallery. For a long time, the territory of the current MUSEON was a landfill for construction waste, until in the 80s Moscow artists, with the assistance of city authorities, created an art park.
After the events of 1991, a wave of demolition of monuments to communist leaders began throughout the country - some of them were taken to the MUSEON and laid on the ground randomly. Subsequently, they became one of the main exhibits of the sculpture park - its administration believes that the chips and defects received by the monuments during the dismantling process are no less monuments of the era than themselves.
Coordinates: 55.73406, 37.60679, Park Kultury metro station, Oktyabrskaya metro station.
18. Tretyakov Gallery
The most famous collection of paintings in Russia is named after its founder Pavel Tretyakov, a well-known philanthropist and art collector. The gallery was founded in 1892 - when Tretyakov donated his personal collection to the city. At that time, there were more than a thousand paintings in it, about five hundred graphic works, a large collection of icons and several sculptures.
Address: Lavrushinsky per., 10, metro Tretyakovskaya, coordinates 55.74138, 37.62086.
19. "Bunker 42" (Museum of the Cold War)
The reserve command post Tagansky or “Bunker 42” is a colossal underground structure built in the middle of the last century in the event of the transition of the Cold War into a hot one. It was supposed to be a refuge for the country's top leadership in the event of an atomic or chemical attack - in the bunker there was a fully autonomous life support system. With the advent of bombs capable of hitting underground objects, the bunker lost its significance, was declassified and turned into a museum.
Address: 5th Kotelnichesky per., 11, metro Taganskaya, coordinates 55.74182, 37.64936.
20. The Winery
The largest center of contemporary art in Russia, located on the premises of the former Moscow Bavaria brewery. The Winzavod complex includes well-known art galleries, two exhibition halls, a photo studio, artists' workshops, music and bookstores, art cafes and restaurants.
Address: 4th Syromyatnichesky Lane, 1, p. 6, metro Chkalovskaya, Kurskaya, coordinates 55.75546, 37.66502.
21. Moscow planetarium
The most modern planetarium in Russia - after a large-scale reconstruction, turned into an interesting entertainment and educational complex. In the planetarium, you can sit back in a comfortable chair, study the starry sky, and you can watch 4D films about our universe, learn a lot of interesting things about the oceans or Yellowstone volcano.
Address: Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya St., 5 bldg. 1, metro Barrikadnaya, Krasnopresnenskaya, coordinates 55.76144, 37.58365.
22. Moscow Zoo
Moscow Zoo is one of the largest and oldest in Russia. Initially, he pursued not only entertaining, but also practical goals - those who wanted could buy a pet here and get professional advice on its acclimatization. The territory of the zoo is divided into themes - exotic animals, birds, terrarium, etc.
The famous ban “don’t feed animals!” Is explained by the fact that the zoo has a real “animal canteen”, where its inhabitants are prepared according to their natural diet - lions and tigers, meat, and, for example, snakes - live mice.
Address: B. Gruzinskaya St., 1, metro "Barrikadnaya", "Krasnopresnenskaya", coordinates 55.76323, 37.57659.
23. The Big Moscow Circus
It is not just big, but the largest in the world - it accommodates three and a half thousand spectators! The circus troupe has about 300 artists performing in five different arenas: ice, water, horse, light and illusion. Manege are located in the technical zone at a depth of 18 meters, their change takes 5 minutes.
Such famous artists as Oleg Popov, Irina Bugrimova, Pencil and, of course, the great Yuri Nikulin, whose name is now another Moscow circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard, performed on the stage of the Bolshoi Circus.
Address: Vernadsky ave., 7, metro station "Universitet", coordinates 55.69449, 37.54025.
The main building of Moscow State University was built in 1953 - this is the largest of the seven Stalinist skyscrapers. At the time of construction, the building was also the tallest in Europe and remained so for the next 40 years.
Many legends are associated with the building of Moscow State University - for example, according to one of them, the soil under the Moscow State University is frozen with the help of powerful cryogenic chambers - if they stop working, the massive building will simply slide into the river. And it is precisely because of these cameras and other secret tunnels that the Sokolniki metro line goes so sharply away from Moscow State University.
Coordinates: 55.7033, 37.53154, Universitet metro station.
25. Sparrow Hills
As you know, Moscow is located on seven hills, and the Sparrow Hills are the highest of them. The observation deck located on its top offers a panoramic view of Moscow - there are always a lot of tourists, honeymooners and bikers (the latter chose this place for their colorful party).
A cableway was built for the 2018 FIFA World Cup on Vorobyovy Gory - with its help you can easily get to the Luzhniki Stadium (the ticket price varies from 100 rubles on Monday to 600 rubles on weekends and holidays).
Coordinates: 55.71037, 37.54436, Vorobevy Gory metro station.
26. The Luzhniki Stadium
It is a gigantic sports complex spread over 180 hectares. It was built in the middle of the last century, was one of the arenas of the Moscow Olympics-80. Before the construction of the stadium in Tushino, Luzhniki was the home stadium of the Spartak football club. Before the 2018 World Cup, the sports complex underwent a deep modernization - it hosted several matches - for example, the opening match and the final.
Coordinates: 55.71576, 37.55371, Sportivnaya metro station, Vorobevy Gory metro station.
27. Novodevichy Convent
The oldest and most famous monastery of the capital is located on the former Maiden’s Field in the bend of the Moscow river, three miles from the Kremlin. The convenient location, which allowed controlling the bridge over the river and the whole south-west direction, dictated the architectural appearance of the Novodevichy Convent: it is like a mini-copy of the Moscow Kremlin, with powerful fortress walls and 12 towers. The history of the Novodevichy Convent for women went down as a place where people of the royal and noble blood often retreated from the world - often not of their own free will.
Address: Novodevichy pr-d, 1, Sportivnaya metro station, coordinates 55.7262, 37.55639.
28. Moscow city
“Moscow City” is the main development project of the zero years of this century, designed to become the business center of the city and the personification of the new Russian economy. The main part of the development consists of ultra-modern skyscrapers - 23 in total have been planned, at the time of writing this article we have completed 13. Of those that have already been built, the Federation Tower stands out with an observation deck located on the 89th floor, and the 84-story Eye Tower ", The second highest of the already built.
Coordinates: 55.7482, 37.54031, metro station "Business Center", "Exhibition".
29. Museum-panorama “Battle of Borodino”
History Museum dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812. The basis of the exhibition is a panoramic picture of the battle of Borodino by the artist Franz Roubaud. Despite the fact that the building on Kutuzovsky Prospekt was originally designed for this single exhibit, the creators of the museum managed to assemble an extensive collection of about 40 thousand items from the era of the Napoleonic Wars.
Address: Kutuzovsky prospekt, 38, bld. 1, Park Pobedy metro station, coordinates 55.73872, 37.5232.
32. Ostankino TV tower
The Ostankino TV Tower (540.1 m) is the tallest building in Russia and the 11th tallest free-standing structure in the world. Its concept was invented by the designer Nikolai Nikitin - the basis was an inverted lily, a flower with strong petals and a thick stem.
At an altitude of 330 meters there is a 3-tier restaurant “Seventh Heaven”, whose floors rotate on its axis, offering visitors an overview of Moscow through large panoramic windows. Immediately above the restaurant is an observation deck, known for its transparent floor inserts.
Address: st. Academician Korolev, 15, metro "VDNH", coordinates 55.81968, 37.61166.
33. All-Russian Exhibition Center (VVC)
This landmark of Moscow was opened in the middle of the last century and was originally called the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy (VDNH) - it was a kind of hybrid of a city park with an exposition designed to demonstrate the advantages of the Soviet system and planned economy. The bends of fate of the All-Russian Exhibition Center and Gorky Park generally coincide - after the sunset of the Soviet regime, both parks plunged headlong into the whirlpool of a market economy (in the 90s of the last century, then VDNH was almost the country's main flea market where you could buy anything ) In recent years, the All-Russian Exhibition Center has undergone a massive reconstruction (at the time of writing this article it was not yet fully completed) and again became a great place to relax - already without too much ideologization and market distortions.
Coordinates: 55.82981, 37.63184, VDNKh metro station.
34. The main botanical garden
The largest garden in Europe, spread over the lands that once belonged to the princes of Cherkassky. Founded in 1945, the Botanical Garden is both a great place to relax and a base for a variety of scientific research. More than 16 thousand different plants grow in the Main Botanical Garden.
The main attractions of the Botanical Garden are the round pond with black swans and the Japanese Garden.
A short video of the Japanese Garden (1 min. 1 sec.):
Coordinates: 55.84287, 37.60533, metro Botanichesky Sad, Vladykino.
35. The Kremlin in Izmailovo
Tourist attraction, originally designed for foreign guests hotel complex "Izmailovo". It is a cultural and entertainment complex, built in 1998-2007 in an elaborate Slavic style. Though a remake, it is executed with a soul and a twinkle - a sort of open-air museum, where the most characteristic features of the Russian architectural style are presented in concentrated form.
The lower level of the Kremlin is the Vernissage, famous since the beginning of the 90s, a great place to buy souvenirs. If you try, then among the mountains of nesting dolls and earflaps you can find really worthy designer items.
Coordinates: 55.7942, 37.74907, Partizanskaya metro station.
36. Museum-Reserve “Kolomenskoye”
One of the most picturesque places in Moscow, extremely popular with newlyweds and photographers. Here you can see the palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, the wooden house of Tsar Peter I, the Ascension Church (a defendant in the UNESCO World Heritage List), built by Tsar Vasily III according to the vow after the birth of the heir, the future Ivan the Terrible.
Coordinates: 55.66766, 37.67069, Kolomenskaya metro station.
37. Museum-reserve “Tsaritsyno”
Its name in the south of Moscow is due to Tsarina Catherine II, by whose order in the XVIII century the architect Bazhenov built the first palace. According to legend, the empress’s favorite Grigory Potemkin was unsatisfied with the result of his work, and Catherine ordered everything to be demolished. The second palace was built by the architect Kazakov, but the work was not completed due to the death of the queen. In the form of picturesque ruins, the park has survived to the present day - until in 2007, the former mayor of Moscow, Yuri Luzhkov, turned it into one of the best landscape parks in the city.
Coordinates: 55.61168, 37.68614, metro Orekhovo, Tsaritsyno.
38. Manor Kuskovo
Kuskovo is the estate of the Sheremetyevs noble family with an adjoining landscape park located in the east of Moscow. There is a museum in the main building of the estate (here you can see one of the best collections of ceramics), and the park often hosts festivals and folklore costumed performances.
Coordinates: 55.73544, 37.80722, Perovo metro station, Novogireevo, Ryazansky Prospekt.
39. Seven Stalinist skyscrapers
Each of the seven high-rise buildings built in the middle of the last century in the style of the “Stalin Empire” is an architectural monument and an interesting landmark of Moscow. Along with the buildings of Moscow State University, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the hotel "Ukraine", there are residential Stalinist skyscrapers in the city - only the most prominent politicians, as well as science and art workers, received apartments in them. The skyscrapers are repeatedly described in various literary works and shown in films - for example, the house on Kotelnicheskaya Embankment appeared in the famous film "Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears."
The same skyscraper on Kotelnicheskaya embankment
40. Moscow metro
This is a unique transportation system by world standards, whose central stations are made in the form of palaces - and their appearance is never repeated. Another difference between the Moscow metro and, for example, the Paris subway is that in Moscow all central stations are deep-seated, that is, the metro was originally designed as a giant bomb shelter. During the period of intense raids on the city in 1941, about 15 million people found shelter in the lobby of the metro stations.
Where to stay in Moscow
The capital of Russia has absolutely no shortage of hotels and guesthouses for every taste and budget. Moreover, every year the choice becomes richer and more diverse. The format and theme of this article do not allow me to list all the worthy places, so I will limit myself to only a few of the most successful in terms of price and quality:
Capsule hotel near Shabolovskaya metro station - as I recently learned, famous japanese capsule hotels appeared in Moscow. Review rating 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 1200 rubles for a double room-capsule. Great location - a stone's throw from Gorky Park and the MUSEUM.
Art hostel - rating by reviews 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 1800 rubles for a place in a dormitory room. It is located from the labyrinth of old Moscow lanes, which in itself is a big plus - every trip to the metro turns into an interesting walk. Small size, friendly atmosphere, cleanliness and comfort - what else is needed for the money?
Pokrovka 6 Hotel *** - Rating by reviews 9.6 (“Excellent”), price from 4800 rubles for a double room. The hotel is located on one of the most picturesque streets of old Moscow, you can walk to Red Square in leisurely steps in half an hour. Excellent staff, private bathroom, air conditioning, heating.
Eden Hotel *** - Review rating 9.0 (“Excellent”), price from 6200 rubles for a double room. Mini-hotel with 9 rooms in the very center - 5 minutes walk to the Kitay Gorod metro station and Zaryadye park. Comfortable beds, friendly staff. The disadvantages include a small number of rooms and the fact that they are taken apart for six months.
AZIMUT Hotel Smolenskaya **** - Review rating 8.9 (“Fabulous”), price from 8300 rubles for a double room. A very good location is between Stary Arbat and the Moscow River, some of the rooms have a gorgeous view of Moscow City. By the way, another of the hotels I know of this wonderful 4-star chain is located in Suzdal - AZIMUT Hotel Suzdal ****, on its territory is the famous Museum of Living History "Shchurovo Mound".
3. Moscow City
The business center of the city, represented by futuristic modern high-rises. The project of the quarter is unique not only for our country, but also for all states of Eastern Europe. It was conceived as a domestic analogue of the business districts of New York and London. Among others, you will see a building that is 235 meters high. By the way, each high-rise building has its own name.
5. Novodevichy Convent
The most ancient monastery in Moscow for the fairer sex. According to legend, it rises on the site on which, during the days of the Golden Horde, women were selected who were sent to slavery. The temple was built over 500 years ago at the direction of Vasily the Third. Later in the Novodevichy Convent there were many persons of the royal family, women of boyar and princely blood. Some here were honed by someone else’s will. In fact, the building is a reliable fortress with high walls.
Check out the beautiful places of Moscow in this wonderful video!
6. Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye
As well as many other best sights of Moscow, this one is located on the coast of the capital river. It is believed that the church was erected by the architect P. Maly (Italian by origin). The building, a cruciform shape with rays, became one of the first stone architectural masterpieces in Russia. The height of the bell tower is 62 meters.
7. Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
One of the main Catholic churches in Moscow. The architectural style is neo-Gothic. The legendary building is decorated with colored stained-glass windows, tending upwards with decorative curly towers and lancet arches. In addition to inspecting the exterior and interior, as well as church services, you can drop by here for organ concerts.
8. Kolomna Palace
The building of the 17th century, made of wood, is located in Kolomensky Park. The interiors amaze many guests with a luxurious and expensive view. During the reign of Catherine II, the structure was decided to disassemble. However, thanks to detailed drawings of the building, it was later restored to its original form. Today this palace is included in any reviews of “the best sights of Russia” - every tourist should visit it.
9. Museum-reserve Tsaritsyno
Do not know what to see in Moscow in 1 day as a family? Come to this palace and park complex, covering an area of a hundred hectares. All the main buildings on the territory were created in the styles of pseudo-Gothic and Gothic in the 18th century. At one time, the current museum was the residence for the royal family. Now it organizes concerts of folklore and classical music, festivals and exhibitions. Many guests and residents of the metropolis come here for a relaxing holiday in the fresh air, to get acquainted with the amazing architecture and landscapes of Tsaritsyno.
10. The Kremlin in Izmailovo
If your trip to the capital involves acquaintance with Russian architecture, go on a tour of this landmark of the 17th century. The current building was erected according to ancient drawings and sketches of the time as an attraction for travelers. Today, a temple, several taverns, a museum and craftsmen’s shops are open in the Izmailovo Kremlin.
12. The estate of Kuskovo
A beautiful building surrounded by no less beautiful park. Earlier in the manor complex, the Sheremetev family arranged theater premieres and social balls. Now there is a museum, the exhibits of which are made of ceramics. In addition, there are musical performances and various exhibitions.
14. State Tretyakov Gallery
The museum became famous thanks to its many exhibits (an average of about 180,000 samples) - icons, engravings and paintings of the greatest artists of different years. More than 150 years ago, the Tretyakov Gallery received as a gift a collection of paintings belonging to the family of P. Tretyakov. The gallery is one of the most striking examples of what a person of any age and interests should visit in Moscow.
18. Bunker 42 on Taganka
A sample of the last century, located 65 meters underground. It was built as an autonomous command post in the event of a nuclear strike on the Soviet Union. Now there is a museum equipped with the best expositions. guides in Moscow spend their exciting excursions. There is also a restaurant.
The 540-meter TV tower can be called one of the most recognizable symbols of the metropolis. She broadcasts throughout our country. Inside are the offices and studios of major Russian television channels. Guests are invited to buy a ticket for the tour. During the program, you can climb to the observation deck and enjoy the views of the whole city.
24. Stalin's High-Rises
Seven high-rise buildings, erected in the 20th century in the style of "Soviet monumental classicism" or the magnificent "Stalinist Empire". According to the plan of Stalin himself, the original high-rise buildings were to become symbols of the greatness and power of the capital and the Soviet Union. During the years of the existence of the USSR, apartments in such prestigious buildings could be obtained only by the largest and most significant figures of science and politics. However, the value of real estate in these elite houses is incredibly high even by Moscow standards today.
25. Stary Arbat Street
It is difficult to imagine a Russian who would not know about the main pedestrian street of the capital. There are many souvenir shops, cafes and museums of various kinds. You can order your own portrait from a street artist or listen to musicians and spend time exploring local architectural values.
31. Gorky Park
The park zone is located on the banks of the Moscow River. Recently, the venue has been one of the main places for entertaining locals and guests of the metropolis - in the cold season, an ice rink is open here, large-scale celebrations, skateboarding competitions, performances of environmentalists, vegetarian festivals, and other entertaining and sometimes unusual events are organized here.
We hope that those sights of Moscow, photos with the names and descriptions of which you just saw, aroused your interest. Arriving in the capital, be sure to take the time to visit them.