The Affandi Museum is located in Yogyakarta, Java. The museum building stands on the banks of the Gajah Wong River. Initially, it was the house in which the artist Affandi lived and worked - an Indonesian impressionist painter and graphic artist, and after his death the house became a museum.
Affandi was born in 1907 in the port city of Cirebon, which is located on the northern coast of the island of Java in the province of West Java. The father wanted his son to become a doctor, but Affandi wanted to become an artist and began to study art, learn to draw. In 1947, Affandi created the association "Folk Artists", and in 1952, the Union of Artists of Indonesia. A special technique of the artist was to work with a tube of paint as a brush. This artist’s technique appeared as a result of a funny incident: he was looking for a pencil to draw a line, and when his patience burst, because the pencil was not there, he just took a tube of paint and started drawing.
Affandi himself designed and built his house, which later became a museum. The architecture of the house is quite unusual, its roof in shape resembles a banana leaf.
The museum holds about 250 paintings by the artist, including self-portraits. In addition, guests can see personal items, cars and bicycles, which the artist used at one time. Among the collection there are works of other artists. The artist Affandi, already being famous, took part in many exhibitions in different countries. The grave of the artist is in the museum complex, as he bequeathed.
The Affandi Museum is a very interesting place both for lovers of fine art and for all who want to get acquainted with the culture of Indonesia, a vivid representative of which is the expressionist artist Affandi Kusuma.
The Affandi Museum building is located on the banks of the Gajah Wong River, 6 km east of the center of Yogyakarta on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Who is Affandy?
The Indonesian artist Affandi Kusoema (indon. Affandi Koesoema) is one of the greatest creators of his country. It has gained widespread recognition and fame far beyond Indonesia. Affandi wrote in the style of expressionism, embodying the independently studied techniques of European masters of painting and combining them with the Indonesian motifs of the Wayang theater.
The future artist was born in 1907 in the city of Cirebon. In 1947 he headed the association "Folk Artists", and 5 years later he founded the Union of Artists of Indonesia. The peculiarity of the master’s performance was that he painted not with a brush, but directly with a tube of paint, which gives volume to his works and helps to express the author’s special emotional mood. The technique was discovered by chance when the master could not find a pencil and drew a line on the canvas with a tube.
Affandi applied his unique style for the first time in the film “The First Grandson” (Carrying the First Grandchild, 1953). Such a technique brought him popularity and helped to reveal his inner feelings, to add a twist to his performing skills. This brought him fame and put him on a par with Van Gogh and some impressionists from whom Affandi studied (Goya, Bosch, Botticelli and others).
Previously, the building of the current museum was the house that Kusuma Affandi himself designed. He lived in Yogyakarta since 1945, acquired a plot here, on which in the early 60s. XX century was built gallery. In the future, the museum complex of Affandi has grown to 4 galleries. After the artist’s death (he was buried here, in the museum, according to the will), his daughter Kartika began to manage the museum and cultural fund of Affandi. Currently, the house contains about 250 works of the painter himself, as well as the works of his relatives.
Why is the Affandi Museum interesting?
Externally, the house museum looks very interesting. The roof above one of the buildings is made in the form of a banana leaf with three diverging roots, which recalls the case when the artist covered his creation with such a sheet during the beginning of rain.
Tourists will be able to see about 2.5 hundred paintings by Affandi in the museum’s exposition, including self-portraits and portraits of his wife in different years of life, landscapes of Indonesian nature (the artist’s special attention is focused on the volcano Merapi). Most of the works convey the atmosphere of life and life of Indonesians. There are also paintings by other artists, including the wife and daughter of Affandi.
In addition to paintings, the museum presents personal items of the artist, including cars and bicycles. After the tour, you can relax in a small cafe in the museum complex. As a surprise to all guests, the cafeteria offers ice cream for free.
To visit the Affandy Museum, you need to take the bus 1A from the main street of Yogyakarta - Jalan Malioboro. Transjogja buses 1B and 4B also go to their destination. An alternative is to take a taxi (Uber, Grab and Gojek).
Affandi was born in Cheribon in 1907. His father, Raden Kusuma, was the caretaker of the sugar factory. He predicted his son's career as a doctor, but Affandy was interested in painting. In 1933 he married Maryati, also fond of painting. He worked as a teacher at school, a ticket agent in a movie theater, designed movie posters. Since 1934, he began to study painting independently. Since 1935, he decided to take up painting seriously and went to the island of Bali, where he worked on private orders and designed illustrations.
Affandi was greatly impressed by the exhibition of contemporary art in Jakkarta (then ： Batavia) in the late 30s, where Gauguin, Kandinsky and Picasso were represented. In the Indonesian tradition, Affandi was fond of the shadow theater (vayang). He moved with his family to Bandung and to Jakkarta, painting oil scenes for the shadow theater.
Artist career edit |
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The figure of Affandi is on a par with the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno. He founded the union of artists of Indonesia, in his creations he embodied the European techniques, which he studied independently and the Indonesian motifs of the Wayang theater. He is also famous among the artists of the world for having invented his own technique of drawing by hand, squeezing paint directly from a tube, so that the paintings acquire volume and seem to absorb the state of mind of the author. Simply put, the great artist was Affandi!
Affandi hails from the city of Cirebon, throughout the life of the master traveled a lot and exhibited at art exhibitions around the world. From 1945 until the last days, he lived in Yogyakarta in his house, in which he founded a museum and an art school. He is also buried in the museum. Now his daughter Kartika runs the Affandi Museum and Cultural Foundation. This museum is one of the most famous and interesting museums of Yogyakarta. Even if you are not an artist, I recommend visiting him, because you will not see paintings in a similar technique anywhere in the world.
Unless at the art hotel Elo Progo near Borobudur, Bang Soni draws his paintings in a similar style.
Museum Affandi is located near the airport and there you can safely spend a couple of hours with the benefit of their own education. There are 4 rooms on the territory, in which more than 250 paintings by the master are presented, as well as the creations of his wife and his daughter. One of the buildings has a banana leaf shaped roof. This is due to one case when the artist covered his painting with a banana leaf during the rain. And now it is a symbol of the protection of artists in Indonesia.
As for the paintings themselves, of course, you can satisfy your curiosity by looking at my photos, but it’s better to see it yourself, since the camera does not transmit artistic magic at all.
Often Affandi painted his wife, you will find several of her portraits in different years.
You will also find self-portraits. Many paintings are dedicated to Indonesian nature, the famous volcano Merapi.
No side of life in Indonesia is missed by the artist and his paintings fully reflect the Indonesian life.
There is also a cafe in the museum, where you can have lunch. In the form of a pleasant surprise, all visitors are given free local ice cream.
Where to live nearby
There are several accommodation options around the museum, both budget and luxury. I recommend the following hotels in order of increasing price and star rating.
A general overview of housing in the city of Yogyakarta can be found in my separate article.
Children and students - 10,000 rupees.
Local adult - 20,000 rupees.
Adult for foreigners - 50,000 rupees.
The camera is 20,000 rupees.
Phone - 10,000 rupees.
As a bonus, free ice cream is provided in the cafe.