Monastery of Batalha - a triumphal symbol of Portuguese independence, the majestic monastery of the Battle. This is a striking example of a mixture of Gothic and Manueline style.
In the town of Bataglia stands the Dominican monastery of Santa Maria da Vitoria (Santa Maria da Vitória na Batalha). It was built in honor of the victory of Juan I at Aljubarotte and is known throughout the world as the Batalha Monastery (Mosteiro da Batalha).
Since 1989, this monastery has been listed by UNESCO as an outstanding cultural and historical site. The architectural complex of the monastery of Batalha is a vivid example of the Portuguese flaming Gothic. This is a beautiful example of the style of Manueline, one of the most advanced architectural solutions of its time.
The history of the monastery
The battle of 1385 at Aljubarotte was a landmark for Portugal - the further independence of the kingdom depended on its outcome. Juan I took a vow to the Virgin Mary: in case of victory over the Castilians, establish a Gothic monastery. The king kept his word - the monastery began to be erected in 1386. Construction dragged on for almost a century and a half. Seven kings were replaced, fifteen architects embodied the original plan and introduced their own ideas into it. In 1517, construction was suspended, as the construction of another pearl of Portuguese architecture, the Jeronimos Monastery in Belem, began, and all forces were transferred there.
In 1495, a distinctive late Gothic style was born in Portugal, named after the then ruler of Manuel I - Estilo manuelino. The basis of the Manuelino concept has become marine attributes - a symbol of the era of the Great Discoveries.
The cathedral nave of the monastery building rose to the sky to a height of 32 meters. The walls were decorated with intricate stucco molding, carved lattices of balustrades grew over the facades. The main motive of the decoration was the marine theme. The interior of the monastery was flooded with light penetrating through the huge stained-glass windows.
The portal of the western facade is decorated on the sides with sculptures of 12 apostles on openwork consoles. In the center is the statue of the Savior, surrounded by evangelists framed by 6 vaults with statues of biblical kings, prophets and angels. The coronation scene of the Virgin Mary completes the abundance of sculptures.
To the right of the entrance to the church are the Imperfeitas Chapels - the Unfinished (Capelas imperfeitas), built around 1426, where Juan I and his wife rested, and Duarte I, his son Afonso V and Henry the Navigator, were buried nearby. According to the project, a dome was planned above them, but it was never erected. There was only a magnificent octagonal rotunda with carved arches.
Monastery of Santa Maria da Vitoria (Our Lady of Victory)
Dominican Abbey, which is the main attraction of this region. It is considered a true masterpiece of the Portuguese Gothic style. The Portuguese are to this day proud of the victory over the troops Juan of Castilewho decided to challenge his rights as an illegitimate heir.
Today, this building is a real symbol of the country's independence. Despite the fact that the building was built for 130 years, it was never erected to the end. Work ceased two centuries after the start. In 1834 the monastery was dissolved. But in the XIX century, local authorities began its full restoration. The temple complex reopened only in 1980, but already as a museum.
The interior and interior of the building combine several different styles, most often you can see the Gothic, Neo-Gothic and the unique style of this region (Manuelino). A sculptural composition flaunts above the main entrance, which holds several different heroes - 12 apostles, Spas, biblical kings, Virgin Mary. Not far from the Abbey is an old chapel with eight corners, which was built in all the traditions of the Middle Ages.
Monument to Nuno Alvaris Pereira
It is located in front of the entrance to the Battle of Abbey. This is an equestrian monument to the leader of the Portuguese, thanks to which the country won an important victory over the Castilians. Locals with special reverence for Nuno Alvaris Pereira, since today he is considered a symbol of sovereignty. The statue was inaugurated in 1968. Near the attraction you can see many souvenir shops and shops that also attract the attention of tourists.
Sarcophagus of King Joao I
This is the tomb of one of the most famous Portuguese rulers, which was created at the initiative of King Duarte. He was the eldest son of Juan I and ruled the country in the middle of the XV century. The sarcophagus is located in the tomb of the monastery of Santa Maria da Vitoria, in a large and rather spacious hall, which is rectangular in shape.
Aljubarrot Battle Interpretation Center
If you are interested in the history of the country, then you definitely need to visit this small center, which, in fact, is an open-air museum. Here you will find out exactly how one of the most important battles of Portugal took place between King Juan I and Juan of Castile over the throne. It was she who became decisive for the whole country. In memory of her, the king later built the famous Battle of the Abbey. Therefore, the center of interpretation is considered a fairly popular place among tourists.
Eco Park "Pia do Urso"
A small park with unspoiled pristine nature, which is a village with separate areas. The park is small, so its entire area can be easily walked around for half an hour. The atmosphere of this place is fascinating, because it is here that you can see the real nature of Portugal. Most often people come here with children, although adults can find something interesting for themselves in the eco park.
Archaeological Museum of Battle
Located near the monastery and the city center. Here tourists can learn about the life of the local population during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A separate exhibition is dedicated to the events that took place in this region from 1854 to 1954. In the museum you will find many interesting stories and legends about the surroundings of the Abbey and the settlement itself.
Chapel of St. George
A small chapel, which is located on the spot where the famous battle of the Portuguese king Juan I and Juan of Castile (Aljubarrot) took place.
Against the backdrop of a huge and majestic monastery, this building seems completely invisible. Therefore, many tourists pass by, paying attention only to the Abbey. But if you still look inside, you can enjoy it. Inside the chapel is decorated with sculptures that attract attention.
Church of the Exaltation of Santa Cruz
A great example of Portuguese baroque. The church was built in the 16th century. The most remarkable part of it is the entrance arch with a door. Inside, the structure is modest. Ordinary, unadorned white walls, a small altar, a wooden roof - all this was created so that visitors would not be distracted from sacred conversations with God.
Porto de Mos Castle
It is located in the small village of Porto de Mos, which is located south of Batalha. Tourists who come to the city to admire the ancient monastery often stop by here. The castle was erected in the 13th century. Previously, it was used as a defense palace, but in 1755 there was a strong earthquake, and he received too serious damage. Today, tourists can see only green cone-shaped towers and an elegant loggia.
Not far from Porto de Mos, there are also rock formations that differ in an unusual shape.
Batalha in the modern world
Batalha is an urban-type village in Portugal with many attractions located in the district of Leiria. According to the old administrative division, it was part of Beira Litoral. Batalha was founded in 1500. The village occupies 103 square meters. km, 342 m above the sea level.
There are several provinces this place borders on:
- Porto de Mos (southwest).
- Alkanen (southeast).
- Ouren (east).
The history of the foundation begins in 1385, when Juan the First founded a small settlement where the city would soon be built. At the end of summer, the king swore an oath to the Most Holy Theotokos that he would triumph in a battle with the Castilians. The Portuguese won the battle of Aljubarrot, and the convent of Santa Maria da Vitoria was laid.
Thanks to this victory, hostility between peoples was stopped, and already in 1500 people built the city, calling it Batalya, which means “Battle”. There are still preserved some buildings of antiquity, which are sights that remind of the life of the medieval people.
Climate and ecology
The climate in Batalha is warm and there is little rainfall. Most often, precipitation occurs in the fall (late October-November). July is considered the driest. The average temperature is + 16-17 degrees, in August the mark exceeds +25, and the last month of summer is considered the hottest. The lowest temperature in January is + 6-8 degrees.
Climate in Batalli (Portugal)
The village is small and well-groomed, there are constantly held environmental exhibitions on the safe elimination of pests from crops, the protection of agriculture, energy and water resources management.
In total, there are 7.5 thousand people in the village. From 1991 to 2001, the number in the municipality itself grew from 13329 to 15002, today the figure has exceeded 15400 people.
Flora and fauna
In Batalha, as in the whole of Portugal, the evergreen vegetation of the Mediterranean and Central European are widespread. You can find chestnuts, oaks, heather and gorse. Pistachio trees are sometimes found; people also plant olive trees.
Forests make up 1/3 of the whole country, this arose due to their long extermination and lengthy planting and landscaping work. In the forests there are pine trees, eucalyptus trees.
For the most part, the fauna is familiar - wolves, foxes, small animals.
However, in Portugal you can see North African animals, for example, Algerian hedgehog or genet. The animal world also includes reptiles in the form of lizards and snakes, bats, various rodents. A huge amount of fish live in the country's waters - cod, tuna, sardine and others.
If you fly by air, then the flight usually takes 5 hours. The cost of tickets may depend on various factors, for example, the requirements of a travel agency. The price starts from 5-7 thousand rubles. and end with 13-20 thousand rubles. and higher.
A train runs through Coimbra to Batalia, with a bus transfer. This journey takes 3 hours. Trains leave Porto for Coimbra every hour. It costs a ticket of 8-15 euros.
A bus leaves from major cities 3 times a day. They get to the Battle for 2-3 hours, a ticket costs 10-13 euros. If you travel by train, followed by disembarkation in Coimbra, then you need to catch a bus to Leiria.
Travel time is almost an hour, cost from 8 euros. After from Leiria, they reach Bataly for 5-8 euros. The cost of a taxi is from 1.1 euros, in some cases you will have to pay extra for baggage.
At night and on weekends, the price increases by 20%.
Types of transport
Portugal is a small country, so the main transport here is cars and buses. There is a subway, trams run. You can buy the so-called "book" from cashiers or vending machines - 10 tickets for a trip to the subway.
From major cities, such as Lisbon and Porto, trains leave daily for different routes. One of these goes to Paris, but such transport is not provided for in Batalla itself, so visitors must get with transfers.
It is worth taking into account that in Portugal there is a high number of road accidents in Europe due to neglect of traffic rules.
Sometimes there is no marking on the roads, it is not always possible to make out signs, there is not enough proper lighting. Car owners are prohibited from honking in cities and other localities. For planes, trains and buses, it is better to purchase tickets in advance.
Places of worship
The Batalha Monastery is the most famous attraction and one of the oldest temples in Europe, which is on the UNESCO heritage list. The building is huge, and the facades are decorated with elegant lace patterns. His address is Largo Infante Dom Henrique 2440. The tour lasts a little less than an hour.
Santa Cruz is a small church of the 16th century, made in the Baroque style. Inside, everything is painted white and is not decorated with anything. The sight is attracted by the figure of the Virgin Mary, holding Jesus in her arms. Recommended time for visiting is 1-2 hours. The address of the church is Estrada de Fatima 2440 106, Batalha.
The chapel of St. George was erected on the site of the battle of Juan I and Juan of Castile. The building is small, looks modest and inconspicuous. Address: Avenida Dom Nuno Alvares Pereira 111.
Historical Museum - Archeology lovers will like this place, in it you can see many exhibits found during excavations. Some of them belong to the Middle Ages, some to the Paleolithic and Roman period.
The museum is located on Largo Goa Damao e Diu 4, the duration of the tour is no more than an hour. Specialized Museum - here visitors will be told and demonstrated the history of Portugal.
You can watch a film about the story there. Children are allowed to try on armor and pick up the weapons of knights under the supervision of museum staff. Address - Avenida Dom Nuno Alvares Pereira No. 120. Opening hours - from Tuesday to Sunday (10.00-17.30).
Pia do Urso - ecological park. There you can see the ruins of buildings of the Middle Ages. The guide takes travelers through the maze and through the forest, simultaneously telling the story of those times.
The village of Pia de Urso in Rua dos Padre Nossos is also considered an interesting place, where tourists can relax in the fresh air, take a walk at any time, visit the park, and see interesting stone buildings.
Moeda Caves is a unique destination for travelers. The caves are arranged and highlighted, which makes them look amber or gold.
Ponti di Bootaca is a neo-Gothic style bridge built in the 19th century. It can be recognized by the red towers that stand out against the general background. Located on the Estrada da Boutaca, in Batalle. Open from 0.00 to 23.59, the stay is less than an hour.
Porto de Mos is located in the village of the same name, south of Batalha. Some tourists visit it at night, sometimes fireworks are arranged on the territory during festivals. In XIII, this castle served as a fortress, but was destroyed due to an earthquake. Many places have fascinating stories from the past that guests or local residents will tell guests.
There are no shopping centers in the village, so shopping will not succeed. Locals are bought food, clothing and other things in small shops, souvenirs are also sold there. Visitors should visit Loja do Caminho and Casa Trovao.
Nazare, a fishing village, is 33 km from Batalha. There, tourists can sit on the beach, play volleyball and swim in the cool sea. Water warms bad enough, so it is not suitable for everyone. Also, this place is one of the best for surfing. For 18-40 euros you can rent a special car for karting (30 min).
Batalha (Portugal), the sights of which have their own history and legends, it is better to explore with a knowledgeable person. Tours can be booked at the tour desk.
The time of excursions and the cost of museums and sacred places are slightly different:
|Places||Working hours||Cost for adults||Cost for children|
|Places of worship||From 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.||From 6 to 15 euros||Up to 12 years old - free|
|Museums||From 10 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. Closed every Monday, Christmas, Easter and May 1st.||Adults - 7 euros, |
older than 65 years - 5 euros,
students - 5 euros,
families (4 people) - 20 euros.
|Children 6-12 years old - 3 euros, |
children 0-5 years old - free of charge,
teenagers under 18 years old - 5 euros.
Tour to the fortress
Porto di Mosh - a castle in the south of the city, erected in the XIII century. It used to be a fortress, now tourists can look at the green towers and the remaining loggia. This attraction will appeal to lovers of the Middle Ages. Sometimes Porto de Mos hosts various exhibitions.
Inspecting the city yourself
To explore the city on your own within 1-2 days you can rent a car. Lease can be taken in Leiria, prices are specified by tenants.
Sample plan for 1 day:
- Santa Maria da Vitoria.
- A trip to Tomar - a place near the Battle, where the monastery of the Order of Christ is located.
- Stop for a snack.
- Return to the Battle. Inspection of the evening city.
For a trip to Tomar or other nearby villages, you can order a taxi, having spent at the same time from 2 euros.
In Battle, there are several places where you can stay while traveling.
Hotel Casa do Outeiro
Located in the center of the village, easy to reach on foot. The rooms are designed for 2 adults and a child, the cost per day is 5060 rubles.
The hotel has:
- Swimming pool.
- Free wifi.
- Free parking.
The staff speaks different languages. Non-smoking rooms are available for people with disabilities.
Hotel Villa Batalha
Located near the Specialized Museum, overlooks the park. Cost per day - from 6600 rubles.
The hotel has:
- Room service.
- A restaurant.
- Free wifi.
- Swimming pool.
The hotel speaks mostly Portuguese and English.
Hotel Lis Batalha Mestre Afonso Domingues
The hotel is centrally located within easy walking distance. Room rate per day - 5422 rubles.
The hotel has:
- Free parking.
- Conference facilities.
- Free wifi.
- Dry cleaning and laundry.
The rooms are equipped with air conditioning and minibars. There are rooms for people with disabilities.
A sufficient number of souvenirs can be brought from Bataly - the choice there is wide. Souvenir shops there are located almost everywhere, for example, at the entrances to historical places.
- In the Pantheon rotunda (unfinished chapels), Portuguese ceramics are sold at the exit. Price from 20 to 100 euros.
- Azulejo tile is a ceramic tile with national patterns in blue and white colors. Caskets decorated in this style are also for sale - they cost from 15 to 40 euros.
- Cork wood items - crafts made of cork oak in the form of hats, bags, wallets and many other items. Price - from 10 to 50 euros.
Batalha is suitable for a relaxing, leisurely vacation. There are many attractions, known even outside of Portugal, made in unique techniques that attract art lovers.
Article design: Mila Friedan
Here is the pantheon - the burial place of King Juan I and his wife and other Portuguese kings.
Before us is the sarcophagus of Duarte I and his wife Eleanor of Aragon. Leonor outlived her husband and therefore called herself the sad queen.
King Duarte I ruled for only 5 years, but went down in history thanks to his plans to conquer the northern part of the African continent.
In addition to Juan I and his wife, Philippa, their sons Enrique (better known by the name of Henry the Navigator) and Duarte I, as well as other glorious rulers, for example, Alfonso V., are buried in the rotunda.
The lions at the base of the sarcophagus speak of royal origin.
In addition to the Monastery of Our Lady of Victory, in Batalha you can see the ecopark, which preserves fragments of medieval buildings, historical and archaeological museums, an exposition that presents the reconstruction of the battle of 1385, as well as the Porto de Mosque castle, which is located very close to Batalha.
Monument to military victories.
The monument to Nuno Alvaris Pereira was erected in 1968. This brave man participated in the war with Castile for the freedom of Portuguese land, so the figure of a warrior on a horse is a symbol of the country's independence.
Nature, like the style of Manuelino, pleases with a combination of lush African vegetation, neatly trimmed bushes and lawns, floral multi-colored.
The central square of the Battle. Cafes, shops, souvenir shops with amazing ceramics, wine cellars with magical port.
We will go around the monastery from the other side. This is the main entrance to the 16th-century Santa Cruz Exaltation Church.
We are in front of the marble sarcophagus of Juan I and his wife Philippa.
Juan I was the illegitimate son of King Pedro I and the Master of the Avis of Chivalry. He was elected regent of the kingdom after the death of his brother Fernando I during the so-called Interregnum, then he was appointed king to fight the Castilian crown, which claimed the territory of Portugal.
After the famous victory at Aljubarrot, Juan was king of Portugal for 48 years. In fact, he annexed Castile to his country and contributed to the flourishing of the economy and culture.
Juan I became famous for his foresight and wisdom, as he chose as his wife the Englishwoman - Philippe of Lancaster, the daughter of the founder of the Lancaster dynasty, John Gaunt, thus entering into an alliance with Britain. The sarcophagus of the great couple is guarded by lions at the bottom of the pedestal.
We are planning a further route for exploring Portugal. At a distance of 20 km from Batalya in the city of Fatima there is a neo-Gothic style temple, the construction of which was begun in the first third of the 20th century. Now it is the world famous Center for Pilgrims.
The blossoming Portuguese summer continues!
You can see the monastery through passage, as we did. Or stop in battle, in one of the many apartments or hotel rooms. A great option for a stop in Batalha - this apartment Mosteiro view. Fairly reasonable price and excellent quality based on more than 250 reviews. The only negative is almost always busy).