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City Saint Etienne, France

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Saint Etienne. France.

Saint-Etienne Is a city in France in the Rhône-Alpes region.
The first mention of Saint-Etienne dates back to 1243.
To the XV century Saint-Etienne becomes a small fortified city.
At this time, the metallurgical industry begins to develop: they produce weapons.
In the XVI century. in Saint-Etienne began to develop the production of braid and ribbons. By the beginning of the XVIII century. the demand for ribbons has grown greatly, the king of France Louis XIV decorated with ribbons trimmed with precious stones his clothes and shoes.
During the years of the revolution, a new city plan was laid (1792). At this time, Saint Etienne was called Armville(Armeville - the "weapons city").
Later, the city became a center for coal mining, and in 1816 a miners' school was opened.
Saint-Etienne is the first French city to produce bicycles.
Now Saint-Etienne is considered the second city in the region after Lyon.

Ru de lyon is the historic axis of the city that connects Saint-Etienne with Lyon, the so-called royal road. Avenue de la liberation are part of an ancient road. Along the avenue there are shops of the beginning of the 20th century, mansions of the 17th century, and former artisan shops.


Saint Etienne. France.

The prospectus ends on the square Place du peuple.


Place du Peuple.

Once there was a fortress wall surrounding Saint-Etienne, now you can only see droguerie tower (XVI century), which was part of the wall.

Let's go up to Beaux-Arts Gardenwhich is located on a picturesque hill. It offers a panorama of Saint Etienne.


Saint Etienne. France.


Next, go through rue du Theater (Theater Street)on which ancient houses are located, among which house of francois Ibuilt in 1547 or old house with half-timbered wall XVI century


Rue du Theater. Saint Etienne.

Street leads to a small place boivin, here is the oldest church Saint EtienneMain Church (Grand'Eglise), built in the XV century. in the gothic style.


Grand'Eglise. Saint Etienne.


Grand'Eglise. Saint Etienne.

Then turn onto rue de la Resistanceto look at the former factory where the tape was made.


Saint Etienne. France.

Looking up, we see the only permitted chimney in the city.


Saint Etienne. France.


Trawls. Saint Etienne. France.

Let's go to place de hotel de ville.
Here it is Saint Etienne Town Hall, built in 1821. A wide staircase leads to the main entrance, and statues are installed on either side of it: a male figure symbolizes metallurgical production, and a female symbolizes tape production. Crowned by the Town Hall is a dome in which the clock and bells are placed.


Town Hall Saint Etienne.


Town Hall Patio. Saint Etienne.


Town Hall Hall for the wedding.

Further on place jean-jaures is Cathedral. It was built in 1912-23. in neo-gothic style.

Saint-Etienne Weapons Manufactory is situated on rue Bergson (better accessible by public transport).


Weapon Manufactory.

Back in the Middle Ages, Saint-Etienne was known for its swords and knives. In 1665, the Royal Military Warehouse was created in Paris, in which weapons manufactured in Saint Etienne.
In 1764, the Royal Military Manufactory was established, where 12 thousand weapons were produced annually.
Armville - the city of arms, so they began to call Saint Etienne. Military production grew and by 1838 reached 30 thousand firearms per year.
In 1864, the manufactory buildings were rebuilt, updated and expanded. This is the building we see now. The total area of ​​the plant is 12 hectares.
Until 2001, weapons were produced here, among them a Shaspo rifle, a Gra rifle.
Now it houses the center of design and contemporary art, organizes exhibitions and a biennale.

Another important historical monument of Saint-Etienne - coal mines. You can visit the museum and go down to the mine.


Mine. Saint Etienne. France.


Mine. Saint Etienne. France.

A bit of history

According to historical data, in the middle of the 13th century a small settlement appeared on the territory of modern Saint-Etienne. After some time, the castle castle of Chateau de Roshatali and the church of St. Stephen were erected here. The village grew and developed, gradually turning into a small town. In the 15th century, there were several weapons and textile factories in the city. Saint-Etienne continued to bloom and grow rich. In the 18th century, a coal deposit was discovered in its vicinity, which gave impetus to the development of the metallurgical and coal industries. At the factories of Saint-Etienne were produced - guns, daggers, guns, first bicycles and much more. The arms factory was closed only in 2001, today a modern art center is located within its walls.

Sports Park Etihair

One of the most popular attractions in the city is the modern sports complex Etihvayer. Geoffroy Guichard Stadium is nearby. The sports park is represented by a wonderful tennis court, golf course, rugby stadium, excellent jogging tracks, a futsal hall. Also on its territory is an interesting club museum. The complex is equipped with excellent infrastructure, therefore, attracts crowds of citizens and tourists.

Coal Mines

In place of the old coal mines, there is now a thematic museum. Having made an excursion, visitors will be able to see several mine structures, converted rooms, an engine room, showers, a warehouse for storing lamps. Here you can learn a lot about the history of mines and their development, about how the coal industry has benefited not only the city, but the whole country. The museum annually hosts a lot of festivals, film screenings, exhibitions and promotions.

Place du Péplat

Place du Péplat is the city’s main trade artery. Several streets are adjacent to it - Rue Gene Foix, Rue Michele and Rue Alsace-Loren. It has collected countless stores - supermarkets, shopping centers, markets, boutiques. The pride of the Place du Paples is the Weiss chocolate factory. It is impossible to come to Saint-Etienne and not try his signature chocolate.

Street Rue de Martyr de Hungre

Rue de Martyr is a street specifically designed for hiking. Here, the atmosphere of celebration and fun reigns year-round. A huge number of cozy restaurants and cafes, colorful pizzerias and pubs. And with the onset of the evening, numerous discos, bars and clubs light their neon signs. Walking along the Rue de Martyr you can enjoy the game of street musicians or admire the paintings of local artists.

Saint Etienne Cathedral

Saint Etienne Cathedral is a magnificent 13th century Gothic building. The width of the facade reaches 40 meters. The building consists of five graceful portals decorated with unique sculptures of biblical characters. In the center is a huge rose window. The interior is represented by 22 chic stained glass windows, shimmering in different colors. Each has an image of a specific biblical scene. Within the walls of the cathedral crypt you can see the tombstone of the Duke of Berry.

Museum of Industry

The Museum of Industry reminds the city of Saint Etienne's glorious industrial past. Inside there are several exhibition halls. The exposition of the armory - a huge collection of weapons belonging to different eras. In the textile department you can find out a lot of interesting things about fabric production. Old tools and textile samples made by the dexterous hands of masters of the last century are stored here.

Modern Art Museum

The Saint-Etienne Museum of Modern Art is second only to the center of Georges Pompidou in importance and size. The exhibition halls of the museum contain unique paintings and canvases by world famous artists - Picasso, Matisse, Monet, Ernst, Dubuffet, Warhol, Stella and many others. The grand opening of the museum took place in 1947. It rises in Louis Somte Square. Annually, countless exhibitions and vernissages are held within the walls of the museum. The collection is constantly updated and updated.

Grand Eglise Church

The Grand Eglise Church is the ancestor of the city, the oldest building of Saint-Etienne, dating back to 1000. Despite its long history, the church was able to maintain its original appearance, even after several restorations. This is a beautiful Gothic building with an elegant triangle-shaped pediment and thin carved columns. The building is adjoined by a high powerful bell tower. The church consists of three naves. Inside the temple there is a spacious bright room. On the walls you can see old frescoes, as well as several paintings depicting scenes from the Bible. In the center is a large painted altar and a luxurious church organ.

Memo for tourists

In the minimum proximity from Saint-Etienne there are three airports - Andrezier-Boutheon, Grenoble-Isère and Saint-Exupery. Two of them serve not only domestic, but also international flights. From the railway station of Shatokra, dozens of trains leave daily for all points of the country. Inland transport is represented by bus routes and tram lines.

How to get from Paris

A train runs from Paris directly to Saint-Etienne. He walks very rarely, so it is better to take care of the ticket in advance. It is most convenient to reserve it.

To buy a train ticket, you need to either directly at the Charles de Gaulle airport to find the SNCF ticket office, or leave Paris from the Lyons station. There are very few direct trains. Most likely, you will have to make a transfer in Lyon (travel time will be approximately 3 hours). The average price of a train from Paris to Saint-Etienne is 100 euros.

You can also take a train to Lyon, and from there arrive to Saint-Etienne by train. It departs from Lyon Part Dieu and Lyon Perrache train stations and takes about 50 minutes. A train ticket costs about 20 euros.

You can get to Saint-Etienne by car. The trip takes approximately 5 hours.

You can choose one of three route options:

Take the A71 via Orleans and Burs (553 km.),

on the A77 highway through Nevers and Roanne (482 km.),

on the A6 highway through Macon and Lyon (523 km.).

On toll roads you will spend about 35 euros and about 70 euros on gasoline.

When is the best time to go?

A trip with children can be safely planned for the winter. In mid-January, the local La Ricane Theater hosts interesting shows for children. So, for example, in the new 2016 on their stage, kids will be able to watch the Disney sur glace performance.

And football fans can not worry much about travel time - football matches are held here quite often. In addition, the stadium of Saint-Etienne will host matches of the European Football Championship - 2016.

In terms of weather, Saint-Etienne is quite predictable. The sunniest and warmest months are August, June, July and September. At this time, the temperature can be 20-23 degrees. The coldest time is February, January and December with an average temperature of 3-5 degrees. And in November, April and July there is more rain.

Where to stay in Saint-Etienne

In Saint-Etienne there are hotels for every taste and budget.

Appartement Rue Gambetta is located in the center, close to the main attractions of the city. The cost of one night here starts from 170 euros.

Resid hotel St Etienne Center is located in the historical part of the town. It offers design rooms and all amenities. For a night in this hotel you need to pay from 55 euros.

Inter-Hotel Le Cheval Noir is also located in the center. Guests enjoy free Wi-Fi. The advantage of the hotel is that nearby (in a kilometer) is the railway station. The approximate price per night here is 54 euros.

Splendid Hotel is another hotel in the heart of Saint-Etienne. It is slightly inferior to the previous ones in design and maintenance, and the price for a night here starts from 40 euros.

See other hotels in the city at this link, and here you will find cheaper and sincere apartments.

Transport system

The city is small, its area is slightly less than 80 km2, but it is most convenient to travel by local public transport (trolleybuses, trams) or by bicycle (you can rent).

The transport system of the city is famous for the oldest tram line in all of Europe, which appeared here in 1881 and was preserved even in the war years. The tram map can be viewed here.

In addition, the first bicycle in France was produced in Saint-Etienne.

Climate

Since the sixteenth century, the arms industry has developed in Saint-Etienne. During the French Revolution, Saint-Etienne was briefly renamed Arm-Ville (fr. Armeville - "weapons city"). Later it became a center for coal mining, and recently known for the production of bicycles.

In the first half of the XIX century, Saint-Etienne was a small town with a population of about 33 thousand people (in 1832), but by the 1880s, thanks to the industrial revolution and the rapid growth of the industry, the number of inhabitants reached 110 thousand.

Climate edit |

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