The ancient Chinese heritage in Guangzhou can be traced much more clearly than in other large cities of the Middle Kingdom. For example, some temples have become museums, but retained their atmosphere, and the old areas are in no hurry to rebuild. Even the not-so-typical Qingpin market is not closed, observing the previous orders. The neighborhood of natural and man-made beauties is the highlight of the iconic places of the city.
In the past, Guangzhou was influenced by Europeans, and still has not gotten rid of the evidence of that era. At the time of planning new structures, reliance on traditions remains a key factor. So during the construction of the Guangzhou-Yuan round skyscraper, it was important that it is successfully reflected in the water. Thanks to this, it turns out "8", which in the superstitions of the Chinese is fortunately.
What to see and where to go to Guangzhou?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Guangzhou TV Tower
It has a height of 610 meters, which makes it the second in this indicator in the world. Construction ended shortly before the Asian Games in 2010. Mark Hemel won the international competition, having received the right to implement his project. The design, with all its power, looks elegant. The surface is mesh and slightly twisted upward. In addition to a television studio, the building has office premises and an observation deck.
2. Huacheng Square
The largest of the squares of the city. In its current splendor it was presented to the public in 2010 on the eve of the Asian Games. Since 2011, hosts the annual festival of light. The spacious pedestrian area at night is lit as during the day. There are various attractions around, including the opera house and the new library. There are many tunnels and passages connecting metro stations and shopping centers.
3. Shamyan Island
For a long time was under the influence of the colonialists. It was conditionally divided between England and France. Europeans built villas, cobbled streets, shops, restaurants and hotels. At the same time, the areas are surrounded by greenery. Currently, the island, separated from the mainland by a narrow strait, is a collection of monuments of architecture and culture. A hiking route has been laid throughout its territory.
4. Beijing pedestrian street
There are more than 700 years in different forms. Currently important for the economy and tourism. Some buildings have European features, due to history. Here in the past lived immigrants from England and France, who worked in manufactories. During a tour of architecture, it is difficult for tourists to resist and not buy something in one of several hundred shops. Trade is going briskly, it is always crowded on Peking Street.
The tallest of the round buildings in the world, built in 2013. It looks like a wheel. Height - 138 meters, and in the center is empty. Reflecting in the water, the building acquires a “continuation” and becomes similar to the number 8, which in Chinese superstitions is a symbol of happiness. The architect is Giuseppe di Pasquali. Although the literal translation of the name is “Guangzhou Circle”, it is popularly called the “Golden Donut”.
6. Guangzhou Opera House
One of the modern and futuristic buildings of the city was inaugurated in 2010. The project was created by Zaha Hadid. The place was not chosen by chance: the architect was inspired by his nature, especially she liked the Pearl Delta. The view of the structure is inscribed in the landscape: as if the rocks washed by the waters of the river. Inside 2 rooms: the first is made of steel, the second is made of glass. They pass one into another.
7. Guangzhou Library
Located in the Tianhe district. Near the museum and the opera house. It opened its doors to visitors in 2013. Area - 100 thousand m². It has collected more than 4 million copies of books. The library has become not just a repository of printed materials, but also a public and educational institution. There are 4000 seats in the reading rooms. About 500 computers have been installed to search for information and work.
8. Guangdong Provincial Museum
Opened in the 50s of the last century. His task is to collect materials and iconic objects that tell about the culture, history and traditions of the province. Funds, numbering 160 thousand exhibits, have grown too large, and the museum has not enough old buildings. When designing a new prototype was the Chinese casket. The museum moved here in 2010. Of the 40 thousand m² area, approximately half are given for exhibitions.
9. Cheng Clan Academy
It exists since the 19th century. As planned by the designers, 6 courtyards united 19 rooms. The temple was called the Academy, since numerous members of the Cheng family were trained here. The temple complex is now transformed into a museum, which displays samples of local folk art and crafts, as well as the Cheng family tree. In 1988, the objects were given the status of a cultural monument of national importance.
10. Tomb-Museum of the Kings of the Principality of Nanyue
The mausoleum is over 2000 years old. It was discovered by chance underground during construction work in 1983. The tomb was dug up and restored. It resembles a Chinese palace. After completion of work, a museum was opened here. His collection contains unique artifacts from different centuries. Particularly valuable are the jade collection and the first gold seal of emperors dating back to the Han Dynasty.
11. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
Built in traditional Chinese style in 1931 on an area of 7 hectares. The building was modernized in 1998. There is a museum inside. Dedicated to the early life, work and achievements of the revolutionary Sun Yat-sen, who became the first head of communist China. His statue stands in front of the entrance, a guard is on duty near it. The memorial hall also has conference facilities for about a thousand people.
12. Sacred Heart Cathedral
The largest Christian temple in China. Built in the Gothic style from granite slabs. The cathedral was founded in 1861. Due to the need to bring materials and parts from other cities and countries, construction lasted a quarter century. For example, stained glass was delivered directly from France. The towers rise more than 50 meters. A clock adorns the western, and bells are set on the eastern.
13. Temple of the Six Banyan Trees
Built in 537, the temple complex acquired its present name 500 years later, when a poem of the same name appeared in his honor. Banyan trees grew nearby, creating an interesting landscape. Current trees are smaller. On the territory there was a place for pavilions, arbors, a grotto and statues. The Pagoda of Flowers is part of the composition. She is one of the highest in the Celestial Empire, as it rises to 57 meters.
14. Guangxiao Temple
The first religious buildings appeared on this site in the IV century. However, they were often rebuilt, and the current temple is different from the type. It is dated to the 19th century. The main hall is decorated with a statue of a ten-meter Buddha. A special place is given to the image of the goddess of compassion Guanyin. The temple has a good reputation and is known in China in the first place as the alma mater of the 6th patriarch of Zen Buddhism, Huineng.
15. Huaisheng Mosque
One of the oldest Muslim buildings in the world. The mosque was built about 1300 years ago, as merchants from the East sailed to the city, and they tried to create comfortable conditions for them. Of all the buildings of the complex, only the minaret has a classic look, the rest is in the Chinese style. The architectural ensemble includes: the Imam Hall, the gallery, the attic of Wanyue, the Tower of Light, the repository of manuscripts and the pavilion of stone steles.
16. Qingping Market
Perhaps the most controversial and debated landmark in the city. This market was the first where peasants were allowed to trade freely. Economically, the Xiaoping initiative has been profitable. However, now the orders on the market look almost wild. The fact is that here you can buy an animal, kill it, without leaving the counter, and give it to the cook for cooking dinner. Dried insects and animal skins are sold nearby.
17. Yuexiu Park
The largest city park has an area of approximately 200 hectares. Famous for 3 lakes and 7 hills. One of the main attractions is a sculptural composition that depicts goats. It was opened in 1959. The statue is associated with the legend of saving the area from hunger. In addition, the park should pay attention to fragments of a dozen cannons and the Zhenhai Tower. Or visit local restaurants and stroll along graceful bridges.
18. Baomo Park
Location - suburb of Guangzhou. Not very large in size, but it can be attributed to the masterpieces of Chinese garden art. The local lakes and ponds are interconnected in a variety of man-made ways. Among the unnatural beauties of the park, it is also worth highlighting the mural “Monkeys devastate the heavenly palace” and the large sculpture “The Rise of Charm”.
19. South China Botanical Garden
Located 8 km from the city. The largest and oldest tropical botanical garden in South Asia. It was created in 1929 in connection with the need to study the evolution of plants and ecology. At the moment, about 2,400 plant species have been collected on an area of 741 ha. The territory is divided into three zones: research, reserve and exposition. In the latter, a special segment for children is highlighted.
20. Lotus mountains
The name refers to the appearance of one of the hills, similar to the Lotus flower. The old name "Stone Head of a Lion" was given for the same reason. Although the beauties here are natural, they could not do without human influence. In the past, for several centuries, stone was mined for construction. For this reason, a quarry has formed. There is no forest on its slopes for a long time, but this does not spoil the overall picture.
21. Golden statue of Buddha Guanyin
One of the newest and most popular attractions of the Lotus Mountains. Nearby it is fashionable to find the remains of the city and the pagoda. The statue was installed in the 90s of the XX century. Its weight is more than 100 tons, and its height is about 40 meters. From the top of the mountain, Buddha looks towards the sea. In the light, the statue shimmers in a special way. The reason lies in the 10 kg of gold that covers the bronze base.
A popular resort located in the Baiyun Mountains. Their peaks are shrouded in fog, due to this the name appeared, translated as “white clouds”. Among the attractions are the botanical garden and the spring of Tsulun. Mountains attract extremals: dozens of rides are created for them. Tourists are delivered to the main peak by electric car or funicular. Vivid impressions leave Butterfly Park and Pigeon Park.
23. Chimelong Safari Park
Spread on 130 hectares since 1997. The total number of animals is about 10 thousand. They represent 300 species. For each population, special conditions are created, as close as possible to the habitat. The most popular destinations are observing elephants and tigers. There are also pets unique to the southern latitudes. For example, a polar bear. The cooling system does not give him reason to think that he is far from his native lands.
24. Chimelong Paradise Amusement Park
The largest of the amusement parks in China. Built in 2006. On a territory of more than a million m² there are about a hundred attractions. Some are able to tickle the nerves even inveterate extreme lovers. The local water park has no equal in Asia. The safari park has thousands of animals representing several hundred species. A crocodile nursery, a circus, a golf course and numerous restaurants are also open.
25. Pearl River
In China, it occupies 3rd place in terms of length and 2th in terms of fullness. There is no exact data on the causes of the name. Perhaps it is connected with a valuable pearl lost by merchants here or with a rock that has become similar to pearls due to hundreds of years of polishing with water. Thanks to the river, Guangzhou received a picturesque cityscape and additional tourist opportunities, such as boat trips.
Guangzhou Central Square "Huacheng Square"
Hua Chan Square, also called the "Flower City", is the brightest and most beautiful place in the city, the main attraction of modern Guangzhou. It is a green alley with a length of more than one and a half kilometers, right among dozens of skyscrapers in the heart of the city. More than 40 architectural buildings are located on it, including: Guangzhou Opera and the Guangdong Provincial Museum, the city library, the two highest skyscrapers IFC (438m) and CTF (530m), and in the evening a gorgeous view of the Cantonese TV tower opens. On the lower tier of this square, is located the underground shopping center "Mall of the World".
The best place in the city for walking, shopping, photo enthusiasts and modern architecture.
How to get there:
Flower Square is located in downtown Guangzhou, in the business district, at Huangpu Avenue South, Huacheng Square.
Metro: Line: 3, APM / Metro Station: Zhujiang New Town
Chinese address for taxi driver: 天河 区 珠江 新城 珠江 东路 花城 广场
Dafo Temple (大佛 古寺)
- This temple is one of the five famous Buddhist temples in Guangzhou. It was originally built by Liu Yang, king of the southern Han Dynasty in the 8th century. Recommended for all shopping lovers who need a break. Located in close proximity to the Beijing street.
- Address: 越秀 区 惠 新 中 街 21 号 / Hui Xin middle road, 21 / Metro: GongYuanQian and Beijing Road
- Xiguan 西 关 大 屋 and Cantonese arch (骑楼). Here you can see the traditional Cantonese architecture of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic era. These homes are located in Haizhu South Road (海 珠 南路), Duobao Road (多 宝路), Baohua Road (宝华 路), Longjin West Road (龙津 西路) and Shangxiajiu Road (上下九 路). One of the most popular of them is located at 18 Baoyuan North Street (宝 源 北街 18 号). In former times, representatives of high society lived in these houses.
- Address: 逢源 北街 82 号 / Fengyuan bei road, 82 / Metro: 1 Changshou lu, Exit E
Yuexiu Park and the Five Rams Statue
This is one of the largest and oldest parks in Guangzhou, named after Mount Yueshu around which this park is located. It is rich in beautiful natural landscapes (there is a mountain and picturesque lakes and a tropical forest), as well as cultural and historical sites.
One of the main attractions of this park is "Statue of five rams"- which is the symbol of the city of Guangzhou for hundreds of years. According to legend, 2000 years ago, the land in the city was barren, and people suffered from hunger. But once the clouds parted and five immortals in colored robes descended from heaven, riding astride five sheep, each of them carried 6 ears of rice in their mouths.The gods blessed the city and left, leaving people with rice and sheep.After people sowed rice seeds, a comfortable climate was established here forever and crops grew year after year. fifth five rams and five five immortal temple of which we describe below Since then, Guangzhou also has a second name: "City of Five Rams", "city rams", and the statue is its main and most recognizable symbol.
Of the historical sites, the site of the ancient city wall also deserves attention.
English name: Yuexiu Park and Five Ram Statue. In Chinese: park - 越秀 公园, statue: 五羊 石像.
How to get there:Metro: 2 branches, Yuexiu Park station, exit B1. By bus: stop Yuexiu Gongyuan. By taxi: 越秀公园正门
Pearl River Cruise
Yuexiu Park (YueXiu / 越秀 公园) in Guangzhou
Work time: 24 hours
The park is located in the city center. There are two remarkable monuments in it - “Five goats” and a monument to the city’s guardian spirits. These monuments and divide the "mountain" and "lake" parts of the park. There are many lakes inside, for exploring which you can take a catamaran, and for walking around the park itself, use well-designed walking paths.
Baiyun Mountain / 白云 山 in Guangzhou
The park covers an area of 28 sq.m. And consists of more than thirty mountain peaks. The highest of them is 382 meters. Climbing the mountains takes more than one hour, so we strongly recommend using the funicular, which costs 30 yuan up and 20 yuan down to the foot. Entrance to some parts of the park is subject to a charge of 5 yuan.
Deciduous forests cover more than 95% of their area, and for this the mountains have earned the nickname "Guangzhou lungs." This is a large park, so give it at least half a day.
Work time: 24 hours
Guangzhou Tower / 广州 塔
Guangzhou Tower, white and elegant during the day, shines with lights at night like a night butterfly.
Climbing to the observation deck is an expensive pleasure, in cloudy weather it will be an unreasonable waste of money. Climbing to the very top of the tower (460 meters) costs about 300 yuan (about 3,000 rubles per person). Downstairs there is a Starbucks with Wi-Fi and a wonderful platform with a bamboo garden right at the foot of the tower.
Opening hours: 09: 30-22: 30
Tip: The same view of the city can be seen from IFC (International Financial Center) going up to the 100th floor, where a nice and quiet bar is located. There are no crowds of tourists, quiet and calm, and most importantly - admission is free. Entrance is from the “4 seasons” hotel.
Party Pier / 琶 醍） in Guangzhou
The old commercial pier of Guangzhou was converted into a multi-level bar area with open terraces, lights and views of the Pearl River embankment. Here you can not only enjoy the stunning views of Guangzhou and the tourist ships, but also have a delicious meal, drink and dance. More information on where to eat in Guangzhou in our article.
Work time: 17: 30-02: 00
Guangzhou Opera House / 大 剧院
The design of the Opera House is the last completed project from the architect Zaha Hadid, the only female architect in the history of the Pritzker Prize nomination. The theater hall is one of the best in the world, both in acoustics and stage equipment, which allows you to show the most technically complex productions. Unfortunately for tourists, guided tours of the Guangzhou Opera House have not yet been conducted, but you can admire it from the outside, look in the lobby during the box office hours or even attend any performance.
Baomo Park (Baomo Garden / 宝墨园) in Guangzhou
This is a magical place with traditional Chinese buildings, many works of Chinese masters, miniature waterfalls of unique beauty, clean rivers and goldfish. The garden includes 27 small bridges and hundreds of beautiful works by Chinese masters of porcelain and metal. Antique collection of Zhao Tailai - he presented the park with more than 1000 relics from the Chunqiu period (770 - 475 BC) to the Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911).
There is silence and harmony with nature in the park. At the entrance you can buy food and feed multi-colored carps. In the depths of the garden is a magnificent rose garden and lotus pond. The garden has many cafes with traditional Chinese and European dishes. If you don’t feel like eating in a cafe, you can take food with you and have a picnic in the shade of a beautiful garden.
Adult: 61 yuan / person.
Children shorter than 1.2 m are free.
08:00 - 17:30 (Monday-Friday)
08: 30-17: 45 (Saturday, Sunday)
Big Buddha Temple (Dafo Temple / 大 佛寺) in Guangzhou
The Temple of the Great Buddha was restored relatively recently - in 2006, and the history of its appearance dates back to the beginning of the XII century. In the halls of the temple there are many interesting frescoes depicting the life of saints and various Buddhist parables. In one of the halls there is a reclining clay Buddha after reaching nirvana, in the other there are three large statues of historical Buddhas.
You can go to Gongyuanqian Station, exit C, go to Beijing Lu and ask for the Dafo Temple there (there are also Liurong and Guangxiao temples nearby). Another option is to go from Beijing Lu Subway Station.
Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street 上下九
The second most popular tourist street is more beautiful at night and is a typical shopping street with a huge number of Chinese snacks, shops of different quality and a huge number of people.
Work time: 24 hours
Address: 下 九 路 6 号 (上下九 步行 街)
Amusement park Chimelong / 广州 长 隆 旅游 度假 区
Amusement park Chimelong includes a whole range of attractions - Paradise, safari park, water park, zoo and circus. This complex is the largest of all Disneylands that you met, so give it one whole or several days. On Paradise - you need a whole day, on a safari park - also a whole day.
Best time to visit: weekdays.
Tickets to each zone are separate, but there are combined tickets for visiting just one or two zones of your choice, a combined ticket is cheaper.
Parks are open until 19 hours, the performance in the circus begins at 20.30.
A combined ticket implies exactly 2 consecutive days, it is impossible, for example, on Monday for rides, and on Thursday for a safari, always two days in a row.
Buying tickets - no problem paying with a visa card.
An adult ticket costs 250 yuan, a child (as well as for senior citizens) 175 yuan. Children's ticket - height up to 140 cm.
There are many cafes on the territory with quite reasonable prices, but you can also take your own food.
- Take cash! On the territory of the park, you can not pay with a Visa or MasterCard credit card anywhere, in some places they accept UnionPay cards. There is an ATM at the entrance / exit of the park, but only for UnionPay cards, there are no more ATMs in the district.
- Many attractions are allowed only with growth above 140 cm, i.e. they are a priori inaccessible to children.
- For water rides, additionally buy raincoats of 15 yuan (cash only).
- No one understands a word in English.
Shamian Island / 沙 面 岛 in Guangzhou
About a hundred years the island was under the control of the colonialists, who built everything here for work and life. Only in 1949 the island was not immediately, but was transferred to China, which in 1996 recognized Shamyan as an object of cultural significance and opened it to tourists. The island of Shamyan attracts not so much with specific sights, but with its atmosphere and general impression. However, it still has something to see.
Work time: 24 hours
Chen Clan Ancestral Hall / 陈家 寺 Chen Ancestral Temple
The Chen Clan Ancestral Temple is one of the finest family temples in China. The temple was built in 1894 with donations from Chen family members. This oldest clan encompasses all residents of Guangdong province bearing the surname Chen.
The family temple is surrounded by a brick wall and consists of 19 rooms and six courtyards and combines Chinese, Japanese and Western traditions of building art. The main entrance is decorated with seventeen carved columns, the roof with carved bricks and clay sculptures, stone beams and railings of the balustrades are covered with carvings and bas-reliefs. The massive gates depict animals, birds and historical characters.
This architectural monument embodied all possible forms of Chinese building art: all buildings are decorated with elaborate sculptures made of wood, stone and brick, ceramic figures, frescoes, molded grilles with scenes from Chinese literature and folklore.
Opening hours: 8:30 - 17:30
How to get there: Take the subway to Chen Clan Academy Station
Opening hours: 8:30 - 17:30
How to get there: Take the subway to Chen Clan Academy Station
Guangzhou is a magical city in which you immediately fall in love for a huge amount of greenery, multinationality and a variety of cultures and cuisines, countless markets for shopping and the opportunity to find streets with food even at 4 in the morning.
If you are going on a furniture tour and you have a couple of days off, do not hesitate and go to Guangzhou.
Some interesting facts about the city
- Guangzhou has acted three times as the Chinese capital,
- The silk sea route ran through Guangzhou,
- This city is the only one in China that had foreign trade relations with the rest of the world in the 19th century,
- Here the Cantonese language and the kitchen of the same name originated,
- Guangzhou has the largest number of restaurants in China.
When is the best time to go?
When planning a trip to Guangzhou, you should consider the climate. The climate in the city is quite mild, but if you like warmth, then it is better to plan a trip in the summer. Warm weather usually lasts from early March to late October. The rest of the time, the average daily air temperature drops to 15 ° C.
Another caveat: in March in Guangzhou usually an extremely high level of humidity. Therefore, if you are difficult to tolerate the high moisture content in the air, it is better to postpone the trip to a later period.
How to get around Guangzhou
You can move around the city both by public transport and by taxi. The most convenient way of transportation for most travelers is the city metro. There are not many subway lines in Guangzhou - there are only eight directions. However, with their help it is easy to get to almost any city attraction. The map of Guangzhou Metro is shown in the photo below.
In Guangzhou, there are a huge number of amazing hotels. If you like exoticism and luxury, you can safely check into any of the 5 * hotels located in the city.
One of the most luxurious hotels - Four Seasons Hotel - is located on the upper floors of the highest skyscraper in Guangzhou. Many tourists visiting the city stay here for at least one night. A visit to this hotel allows you to enjoy magnificent views of the city, get acquainted with the peculiarities of local cuisine, as well as join the delights of Japanese and Mediterranean dishes. Four Seasons Hotel is located close to major attractions and offers easy access to major shopping centers.
Other hotels that travelers suggest paying attention to are:
- Planet Wanted
- Sofitel Sunright,
- Royal Tulip Luxor Hotel,
- Dongfrang Hotel,
- Pullman Guangzhou, Baiyun Airport.
Where to eat
In Guangzhou there is a huge number of restaurant complexes, cafes and small "eateries" offering dishes:
Also in the city there are gourmet gourmet restaurants where you can taste Italian, French and American dishes.
Chen Family Academy
The guide recommends travelers who wish to join the beautiful to go to the Chen Ancestral Temple built in the 19th century. The entrance to the museum, which was previously owned by an influential family, will have to pay 10 yuan. In the building, tourists will see:
- works of art
- graceful sculptures, for the manufacture of which the most valuable ivory was used,
- art statues.
An amazing architectural structure, which has no analogues in any of the cities in the world. The initial goal of the architect was the desire to move away from stereotypes and contrast his creation with numerous city skyscrapers.
The building has the shape of a ring, its 33 floors rise 138 meters above the ground, and the diameter of the central circular hole is 50 meters. The construction looks especially impressive in the evening, when its reflection in the river water is clearly visible.
The photograph clearly shows that the combination of the building itself and its reflection turns into a sign of infinity.
The people of China themselves say that the builders laid numerological symbols in the high-rise building, since the infinity sign can be interpreted as the number "eight". Chinese numerologists say that the eight brings happiness. The third symbolic meaning of the architectural landmark is that the words “eight” and “wealth” have a very close pronunciation. Therefore, a modern legend is associated with the building - Guangzhou will develop and flourish while this architectural structure stands.
Sun Yat-sen Memorial
The building was erected on the spot where the Chinese hero’s presidential office used to stand. Sun Yat-sen is the father of the Chinese revolution and the founder of the Kuomintang. Everyone can visit the memorial, an entrance ticket will cost tourists 10 yuan.
The next place after the Dafo Temple, which can be seen in Guangzhou, is Siguan Street. Here, tourists can purchase Chinese antiques. However, it should be remembered that most of the antiques sold on Siguan Street are not authentic.
Temple 6 Banyan Trees
One of the most interesting places in the city. Initially, only a pagoda erected in the III century existed on the site of the temple. Three centuries later, the appearance of the pagoda changed dramatically - it acquired a 55-meter octagonal tower, the top of which is crowned with a decorative rod made of copper. The weight of the rod is very impressive and is equal to five tons.
Banyan trees remained only in the name of the temple building, in the modern territory of the Flower Pagoda they have not grown for a long time.
The pagoda is the official residence of the Guangzhou Buddhist Association, but this is not an obstacle to its visit - the temple is open to tourists and pilgrims.
Temple of the Five Immortals
It is a historical landmark, which is associated with the myth of the development of the city of Guangzhou and its prosperity.
The legend tells that at a time when the Zhou Dynasty ruled the country, people did not know how to grow rice and suffered from hunger. Then five immortals descended from heaven - two women and three men. They brought locals ears of rice and taught him to cultivate. Grateful people erected a temple in their honor, and the city has since begun to actively grow and develop.
The oldest of all mosques erected on the territory of modern China. The building is dated 627 AD, erected at the initiative of the uncle of the Great Prophet Muhammad. During the prayer, only followers of the Muslim religion are allowed into the mosque. What to do if you want to see the ancient architectural structure from the inside? You will have to wait for the sermon to finish, after which access to the mosque is open to all.
The Catholic Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, built of granite stone blocks, is a classic example of neo-Gothic architecture. It plays a significant role throughout South China. The cathedral is open for free visits.
The classic temple of the followers of Buddhism, the second name is the Temple of fifty gods. The visit is free.
The age of the temple is approximately 1.4 thousand years. It is believed that the teachings of Buddhism originated here when the Bodhidharma preacher arrived on a ship to spread his knowledge.
A religious building is located in southwest Guangzhou. The entrance to the ancient building is guarded by two stone lions.
Other interesting places
What if the trip to Guangzhou is purely business in nature, and there is no time to visit all the attractions of the city?
The Pearl River flows through Guangzhou (Pearl River in Chinese). On ships that cruise through it through the central part of the city, not only fascinating excursions are conducted, but also business events. So, if you wish, you can combine business with pleasure.
Another equally attractive option is to visit the orchid garden in Guangzhou. Orchid Garden covers an area of eight hectares and boasts not only flower beds with popular flowers, but also other attractions, among which the most famous are:
- the grave of Abu Wakkas,
- numerous teahouses hidden between paths and picturesque waterfalls.
Fans of extreme sports will enjoy other entertainments in Guangzhou - a safime park and Chimelong amusement park.
Reviews of tourists visiting Guangzhou are full of exclamation points.
“This is an amazing cultural program!” Exclaims one of the travelers on the forum.
Another reports: “I did not even suspect that China, and the city of Guangzhou in particular, is so versatile. Here, ancient original traditions and ultramodern technologies are intertwined in an amazing way. Just amazing! ”
Guangzhou offers entertainment for every taste and budget. In this city, tourists are amazed by modern skyscrapers with unusual architectural solutions, and numerous ancient pagodas, which are several hundred years old.
In Guangzhou, you can visit the international circus, safari park, extreme attractions and a water park. In the city and its environs there are a huge number of architectural monuments and attractions. Fans of shopping will be pleased with numerous flea markets and shopping centers.
Guangzhou attracts people who want to feel the unity with nature with its park areas, as well as forest parks in the mountains. The cultural program of many tourists includes visits to scientific, historical and thematic museums and exhibitions. Of course, sacred and religious places and buildings are especially popular. No matter what the reason people come to Guangzhou, the city does not leave anyone indifferent.
Brief Description of Guangzhou
Guangzhou (廣州) is a sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China. Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong and a major economic center of southern China. The total area of the city is more than 8000 km 2, and the population is more than 14 million people (this is the third largest city in China). Guangzhou is located in the southern part of the republic, north of the Pearl River. Other rivers flow through the city: Dongjiang, Xijiang and Beijiang.
Guangzhou is a well-known cultural and historical city of China. It is the largest commercial and industrial city in South China and a seaport of foreign trade ports.
A bit about the history of the city
Guangzhou appeared more than 2000 years ago. There are several theories about the origin of the city. The most unlikely of them is that Guangzhou arose in the 9th century BC (Western Han Dynasty). There was a trading port, to which ships came for inexpensive goods. The ruins of the shipyard have survived (they testify to the ancient era). The Silk Road passed through Guangzhou, and in the 2nd century BC the city was called Panyun (the capital of the Sino-Vietnamese state of Namviet).
When the rulers of the Tang dynasty captured the southern part of the country, uprisings began. Persians and Arabs took advantage of the situation, and the city was sacked. And when the political center of China shifted to Hangzhou, Guangzhou acquired the status of the country's production center (South Song Dynasty). Until the XIX century, Guangzhou was the only Chinese port, so this city was the first to suffer from an attack by British troops (the First Opium War began with the blockade of the port). Peter Kropotkin also had a significant impact on the history of the city. At the beginning of the 20th century, an anarchist movement appeared in Guangzhou, and the government could not control the city. The economy began to decline, but soon the anarchist movement broke up. Guangzhou is now considered a major economic and political center, but foreigners see tourist value in this city.
How to get to Guangzhou
Guangzhou is a civilized city, so all the ways to get to the city are convenient:
- By plane from major cities in Europe, Asia, America (from Russian cities - Moscow, St. Petersburg, etc.). 9.5 hours fly from Moscow, and a ticket will cost about $ 400. Some tourists fly first to Beijing, and from there to Guangzhou (this is cheaper).
- By train or bus from major cities of China (for example, from Hong Kong by train take 2 hours, and the ticket costs 230 yuan).
- On water. Between cities in the southern and eastern parts of China there is a water connection. A ferry ride from Hong Kong costs 350 yuan.
- From the suburbs to the center of Guangzhou can be reached by metro (line 3), bus or taxi (the most expensive way on arrival is up to 150 yuan).
Mausoleum of King Nanyue
The mausoleum of King Nanyue was built in the II century BC. The construction initiative belonged to Tsar Zhaomey, who at that time ruled the principality of Nanyue. According to his project, bronze bells, screens (the oldest in the world), an incense bed, mirrors, vessels and other furnishings were installed here. Now a unique museum is operating at the mausoleum, which was included in the list of 80 best museums in the world.
Interestingly, the burial site, along with all the valuable architectural finds, was found in 1983 (in Yuexiu Park). The tomb was placed at a depth of 20 m, but more than 1000 unique items were preserved in the best way. The most valuable part of the museum’s collection is the funeral attire of the king. The costume consists of jadeite plates. More than 2291 pieces of jade are connected by silk threads. Previously, the Chinese believed that jadeite is able to maintain the appearance of the body. The fact that the stone really has unusual properties, scientists have established many centuries later.
- Address: 867 Jiefang North Road, Yuexiu District (Subway Station - Yuexiu Park),
- official website: www.gznywmuseum.org,
- working hours: daily from 9:00 to 17:30 (ticket office is open until 16:45),
- entrance fee: 12 yuan (audio guide separately - 10 yuan + deposit 200 yuan).
Pazhou Exhibition Complex
Pazhou is a giant multifunctional exhibition complex, built in 2002. It is considered the largest and most modern in all of Asia, its total area exceeds 150 thousand m 2. The complex consists of 13 halls of different geometric shapes, the area of each of them is about 10,000 m 2. The building is designed so that it can host several international exhibitions at the same time. By the way, the famous "Canton Exhibitions" are held here (Canton - the old name of Guangzhou).
Basically, expositions of the world's largest manufacturers are held here: cars, building materials, equipment for factories, boats, slot machines, etc. However, tourists come here not only to study and choose the best products. The building is constructed in such a way that interesting panoramas of the surrounding skyscrapers open from any point on it. And the ceilings in the walls and ceiling create the illusion of a space of irregular geometry.
- complex address: 382 Yuejiang M> The full official name of the exhibition complex is Guangzhou International Convention Exhibition Center (GICEC) PAZHOU
Guangzhou Opera House
Guangzhou Opera House was built in 2010 (construction lasted 5 years). The project was developed by the British architect Zaha Hadid (she also developed the plan of the G. Aliyev Center and the Nordkete cable car in Innsbruck). The futuristic building attracts tourists not only with its architecture, but also with its purpose. The largest opera and ballet performances in Asia are held here. Classical music lovers can attend one of the most popular performances: Giselle, Swan Lake, The Phantom of the Opera, Turandot, etc.
Interesting in the opera house and interior decoration. The ceiling arch is covered with millions of LED lamps, which creates the effect of a starry sky. You can get into the building of the new theater during the days of performances or during the opening hours of box offices, organized tours of the building are not yet conducted.
There are far fewer opera houses in the world than dramatic ones. If I find myself in a city where there is an opera house, I always try to visit it. Even if on the right day they lose the performance that I have already seen. Moreover - the most interesting is precisely in comparison. Classical music, ballet and dramaturgy are good because they are relevant at all times. For example, I watched Swan Lake at 4 different theaters, The Nutcracker at 3, and Romeo and Juliet I saw countless times in different cities and countries. In addition, a lack of understanding of the language will not upset your plans if you have already seen this production.
- theater address: 1, Guangzhou Zhujiang West Road (conveniently accessible by taxi),
- official website: http://gzdjy.org,
- The schedule of performances can be found on the official website,
- entrance to the theater is free, the cost of tickets for concerts is from 80 yuan.
Temple of the Five Spirits
The Temple of the Five Spirits is a Buddhist temple built in the Taoist style. It has a traditional three-story roof with skates bent up. The temple has a central hall, a monument in the form of a fragment of rock, a huge bell, etc. The unique bell of the temple belongs to the Ming Dynasty (from the XIII century). The weight of the bell is 5 tons, the wall thickness is 10 cm. Interestingly, the bell has no language, so it does not ring. It is believed that if a bell rings from here, trouble will come.
Locals believe that the temple was built on the day when 5 spirits descended to the earth. They gave people rice sprouts so that there is always food on the earth, and people do not die of hunger. Since then, rice plantations have flourished in Guangzhou. And the Chinese believe in the legend of a stone standing in the courtyard of the temple. The fact is that on this block there is a recess that resembles a footprint in shape. According to legend, this is the footprint of one of the 5 spirits.
- Address: Five Spirits Temple, Huifu Xi Road, Yuexiu District (subway station - Gongyuanqian),
- work mode: daily, from 9:00 to 17:00,
- admission is free, but donation is welcome (5 yuan).
Temple of the Six Banyan Trees
The Temple of Six Banyan Trees is Guangzhou's main religious attraction. This temple was built in 537, and the main relics of the cult place were the values brought from India. The temple used to be called differently. He was given a modern name in 1099 (at the initiative of the Chinese poet Su Dongbo). It is believed that banyan trees grow in the courtyard of the temple complex, and their crown closes all buildings from adversity.
In addition to the main building, the complex also has a Hua-Ta flower pagoda, whose height is 55 meters. The spire of the pagoda is crowned with a copper rod, the height of which is 5 tons. The geometry of the flower pagoda is also interesting. Each octagonal tier is already the previous one, this creates the effect of a cone, which symbolizes the ascent along the heavenly path. Now the Buddhist Association is in the pagoda, but you can still enter there (though, for a fee).
Information for visitors:
- Address: Temple of the Six Banyan Trees, 87, LiuRong Road, Yuexiu District (metro station - Gongyuanqian),
- working hours: from 9:00 to 17:30,
- admission: 5 yuan (you must pay 10 yuan to enter the pagoda).
Baiyun is a ridge of low mountains with a total area of 28 km 2. The highest point of Baiyun is 382 meters. The name of the mountain in translation means "Mountain of white clouds." This is due to the fact that from the top you can see the neighborhood, covered with clouds. This place has been popular for over 2000 years. They came here before our era, and in the III century the rich from the Tang Dynasty arranged a resort holiday on the slopes of these mountains. Baiyun is one of the eight wonders of the world in Guangzhou.
In the XX century, a unique natural monument began to be used for tourism purposes. A cable car was built, attractions were arranged, bird and sculpture parks were opened, and a golf area was organized. Tourists may be interested in Buddhist sculptures, a mobile communications tower (one of the most beautiful in the region) and the Mingzhulou Pavilion (the Nanzhensy Temple is located here). And there is also a natural spring Tsulun, whose water is considered healing.
- Address: Baiyun Shan, Nanlu, Fengjing District,
- convenient metro to Chen Clan Academy station,
- working hours: daily, from 8:00 to 20:00,
- Entrance is 5 yuan.
What to see depending on the time of year
Guangzhou is warm year-round, but it can be cool here in winter. At an air temperature of 15–20 o C, a Russian will be comfortable, but you can’t name such a resort. Water parks, for example, close in late autumn and winter. Temples, museums and natural attractions can be visited year-round. Of the seasonal attractions of Guangzhou, the Spring Festival is worth mentioning.
Spring Festival is a large traditional festival held in late January. This is a colorful event of the city headquarters, which attracts not only residents of the province, but also foreign tourists. At this time, the streets of the city are decorated in the best Chinese traditions. Public gardens become like blooming gardens. As part of the celebration, a flower festival opens when hundreds of flower arrangements appear on the squares of the city - bouquets, topiary flowers, installations, etc.
You can visit this festival for free, you can’t get past it, because the whole city is involved at this time. You will only need to pay for entertainment if you take part in them (face painting, attractions, florist services, etc.). And at that time, traditional Chinese food was sold right on the streets. True, you need to try it only if you are sure that your body will cope.
The most beautiful and large-scale part of the spring holiday is the flower festival
Amusement Park "Chimelong"
Chimelong is one of the largest amusement centers in Asia. There is an attraction zone "Chimelong Paradise" (more than 60 types of entertainment). In addition to riding on slides and carousels, tourists can watch the performances of magicians and acrobats, in the evenings there are motorcycle shows with special effects. Also in "Chimelong" there is a safari park. This is the national reserve, which is the largest in Asia. Not far from the safari zone is a bird park. Among 100 species of rare birds, flamingos, crested ibis, golden pheasants, etc. can be noted.
For lovers of water treatments, there is a water park, in which among the many slides there are special water activities for young children. Parents of young tourists can visit the local golf club or relaxation area. By the way, there is a hotel complex in Chimelong. There are three types of hotels for every taste, the most popular is Panda Hotel (here are themed rooms, most of which are adapted for children).
- Address: Huan Yuan Zhong Lu (Hanxi Changlong Subway Station),
- official website: http://chimelong.com,
- amusement park opening hours: from 9:30 to 18:00 (water park - from 10:00 to 19:30, but only from April 1 to October 28),
- admission for children: from 70 yuan (bird park) to 290 yuan (circus),
- adult admission: from 95 yuan (bird park) to 290 yuan (circus).
Museum of Regional Studies
The local history exhibition in Guangdong province was opened in 2010. The purpose of the museum is to educate local residents, so the audio guide and museum tours are all in Chinese. In fact, the museum’s collection has been collected since 1959. The building was allocated for the exposition (the museum was in it until 2003). But the museum’s fund expanded so much that there was little space, and the city authorities decided to build a separate multi-purpose building for the museum. The area of the exhibition halls of the modern museum is 21,000 m2.
There are several zones in the museum of local lore: about history, nature, folk crafts, books, children's games, etc. The child should like all the zones. The presented exhibits are unique in themselves, and in combination with Asian flavor, all this looks even more unusual. Parents of a small tourist can relax in special areas. There is also a souvenir shop on the ground floor of the museum (especially tourists like ceramic miniature figures).
My friend Roman often travels to China for work. He usually attends industrial exhibitions and brings in equipment for sewing production. A year ago, he traveled to China with his wife and child. In one of the local history museums, he bought souvenirs and gifts for relatives and friends. It is interesting that in addition to the usual trifles (elephants, key rings, magnets, etc.), items stylized in antiquity can also be sold in such shops. He brought me a wall lamp. At first I thought it was some kind of old thing - decorated with carvings and some gems. And when I looked closely, I realized - a remake (but very beautiful). Later, Roma admitted that these souvenirs, it turns out, are not expensive at all, anyone can afford a couple of such gizmos.
- Address: Zhujiang East Road, Zhujiang New City, Tianhe District (near the Pearl River, metro station - Zhujiang Xincheng),
- You can also get on buses of routes No. 40, 44, 183, 293, 886 and 886 "A",
- official website: http://gdmuseum.com,
- working hours: daily, except Monday (from 9:00 to 17:00),
- admission is free, but you need to show a passport.
How long can I look around in the city
Judging by the reviews of tourists, the wait at the local airport can drag on for up to 10 hours. At this time, guests of the city try to spend hours waiting for sightseeing. But you can’t see Guangzhou in a few hours. Just to walk along a pedestrian street and look into a couple of shops can take a whole day. A full-fledged tour without visiting museums and temples is impossible. Therefore, it is best to come to Guangzhou for at least 5-6 days. At this time you will need a hotel room. Here you need to be prudent. Choosing a hotel in China is necessary not only for the cost or star rating of rooms. Ideally, if the hotel administrators speak Russian or at least in English.
My friends, who often visit China, ask the administrator to write the addresses of the necessary attractions with hieroglyphs. The fact is that some taxi drivers may not know the name and address if they are written in Latin. By the way, it is better to get taxi numbers from the administrator. Unlike Russia, Chinese illegal cab drivers draw up cars in the same way as officially registered taxi drivers (such drivers ask for double or triple fees for their services).
Tips for staying in Guangzhou
Some tips to help you spend your holidays in Guangzhou in comfort:
- In summer, you should take an umbrella and raincoat, and in winter - a sweater and windbreaker (in winter, the air temperature drops to 15 ° C).
- Guangzhou has a developed metro system that covers the entire city center. You can buy a token in the machine, which works in English.
- It is convenient to travel around the city by taxi (one trip costs an average of 20 yuan).
- Before the trip, you should download an offline translator for yourself and make sure that the hieroglyphs are installed on your phone so that not only you can write, but also the person you can answer.
- To enter the Internet, you need to enter your phone number (this acts as a confirmation code).
- Find out in advance whether all the services you are accustomed to are available in China (you can install a VPN, etc.).
- Prepare a tourist map in advance and make a list of attractions that you are going to visit. You can not only print a tourist map, but also save it in the phone’s memory
Reviews about Guangzhou
I prepared thoroughly for our first trip to China: a huge folder with maps of the city of Guazhou, remembered the districts of the city and the metro map. I studied buses from the airport and routes in the city itself, carefully selected a hotel, wrote down the addresses of the Russian embassy, restaurants, where to eat and markets where, what to buy. Guazhou is a city that is several times larger than Moscow. On our first trip, we lived near the central railway station, Xiaobei subway station, Heng Fu Lai Hotel. On the second trip, we stayed in a new area of Tianhe and there I liked it less, although there are more foreigners and more eateries with European cuisine.
Amari73, forum user
On the last day of our next visit to Guangzhou (April), we managed to visit Chimelong Safari Park. There is very little information about the park, the site is poor, most of it is in Chinese. In fact, Chimelong is a whole complex on a vast territory, including a hotel, a water park, an amusement park and a safari park. Here you can hang out with a child for several days, this is a whole city of entertainment. Our day off fell on Saturday, we were afraid that there would be a lot of people in the park, but decided to go and did not lose. Surprisingly, the park is not popular among the local population, and even more so among tourists (still, no advertising, all navigation and advertising in the city only in Chinese). At the reception of the hotel, the concierge made surprised eyes, saying that he did not know such a park, but the taxi driver undertook to take us. They arrived from the center for 50-60 yuan, I don’t remember exactly, the journey time is 25-30 minutes without traffic jams. As a result, the taxi driver brought us to the hotel, where we asked the English-speaking employee to inform the driver that we needed a safari park, this problem was solved.
VisitorC3, forum user
A lot of really tasty fruits, as well as familiar to us, and exotic. Dargon fruit, for example, is sold there in such quantities as we have plums and pears in season. And what sweets are there! Only one problem is that it is difficult to navigate there, again, due to difficulties with the language. But if you want, without knowing the language, you can buy and pay everything. Shopping The spread in prices also varies greatly. On the shopping street you can find shops where everything costs 50-100 yuan, and there are shopping centers where prices are comparable to ours.
ritvariyter, forum user
Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong Province in southern China. Once, Guangzhou has become a major economic and political center of the country, so there is a developed urban infrastructure. Skyscrapers alternate with ancient pagodas, and strict museums - entertainment centers. In addition, the city has picturesque landscapes and parks. You can come to Guangzhou with your children, but there are several nuances that should be taken into account: the language barrier, features of visiting attractions and the tourist season.