Bialystok is the administrative center of the Podlaskie Voivodeship and the largest city in the north-eastern part of Poland. It is located on the banks of the Byala River (hence its name) and is located about 60 km from the border with Belarus.
Bialystok is an ideal starting point for excursions to Belovezhskaya Pushcha, where sections of the pristine forest are still preserved, and the largest population of European bison lives in the world. What to see in Bialystok? The following is a brief description of the city’s most popular tourist attractions.
The initiator of the construction of this magnificent palace was Jan Klemens Branicki - a representative of one of the most influential noble families of Poland. His plans included the creation of a whole complex in the Baroque style, including, in addition to the palace, a picturesque landscape park, several churches and the town hall. Branicki Palace Complex is a vivid example of the architecture of the 18th century.
The first thing that catches your eye is the majestic front gate with the image of the neck (as on the Branitsky coat of arms). The facade of the palace, the Great Hall, the Chinese Hall and the wonderful lobby are perfectly preserved - all rooms are open for free access.
The picturesque palace park, like the palace, is decorated in the Baroque style - with manicured lawns and lawns of geometric shapes, fancy topiary, stone vases and fountains. Currently, the building of the Branicki Palace houses the main building of the Medical University of Bialystok.
Address: Branicki Palace, Jana Kilińskiego, Bialystok, Poland.
Market Square Ko Костciuszko
The market square of Bialystok has the shape of an elongated triangle and is located around the town hall.
In addition to the town hall, there are a number of townhouses on the square, which serve as a wonderful decoration of the square. Their facades have a richly decorated ornament with leafy patterns, portraits, images of animals and mythological figures.
It is a good place to walk. In fine weather, you can sit at a table in a cafe or restaurant and enjoy the view of all the splendor.
Address: Rynek Kościuszki, Bialystok, Poland.
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
This cathedral is considered one of the main attractions of Bialystok. It is unusual in that it consists of two buildings - the old and the new parishes. The old parish was built at the beginning of the 17th century in the mannerism style. This is a smaller whitewashed church with a beautiful portal decorated with bas-reliefs.
The interior of the old parish church attracts attention the wonderful main altar, the department in the manner of Mannerism, as well as the tombs of members of the noble family Branitsky. The new parish is a neo-Gothic style building 90 meters long and 75 meters wide. It was built between 1900 and 1905 due to the fact that the number of the parish community increased to 12,000, and the old church was no longer able to accommodate such number of believers. In addition to regular worship services, the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary often hosts organ concerts available to all comers.
Address: Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Białystok, Kościelna, Bialystok, Poland.
The main city artery of Bialystok originates in Kosciuszko Market Square and stretches for 800 m in a westerly direction to Independence Square. Over the long history of its existence, this street has changed its name many times. It was named after various historical figures, such as Jozef Pilsudski, Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, before it again became Lipova Street in the 1990s. During the Second World War, Lipovaya Street was more affected by German attacks than other city blocks, however, in the postwar years, most of the high-rise residential buildings and mansions were restored.
Among the old restored buildings and new buildings there are many interesting sights, such as the Cristal Hotel, the first new hotel built in Poland after the Second World War.
If Lipova is turned onto Malmed Street, it will lead to the square, where a monument to the native of Bialystok, Ludwik Lazar Zamenhof - the creator of the language of Esperanto, is installed. At the end of Lipova Street on Independence Square is the beautiful Church of St. Roch. At the time of completion in 1946, this was one of the first Roman Catholic churches erected in a modernist style.
Address: Lipowa, Bialystok, Poland.
St. Nicholas Cathedral
The Church of St. Nicholas is the main church of Orthodox Christians in Bialystok. The cathedral was erected in the 1840s and is an architectural monument of the neoclassical style. In the interior of the temple, special attention is drawn to wall paintings, plots resembling frescoes of the Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev.
Also interesting is the painting on the dome, depicting Christ Almighty surrounded by the Virgin and John the Baptist. In other parts of the dome structure, images of 12 apostles, 4 evangelists and 4 prophets can be seen. The iconostasis of St. Nicholas Cathedral dates from 1846. The royal gates - double doors leading to the altar of the temple - are decorated with several icons with the images of the evangelists and scenes of the Annunciation.
Address: Katedralna cerkiew pw św. Mikołaja Cudotwórcy, Lipowa, Bialystok, Poland.
The branches of this large museum are located not only in Bialystok, but also on the vast territory of the Podlessie region. The head office of the Podlaski Museum is located in the building of the City Hall on the Market Square. The town hall, built as a government building, was never used for its intended purpose. It has always been the business center of Bialystok - at the time of the construction of the old town hall in 1745, ten Jewish merchants were engaged in lively trade in the city.
The current town hall building was built immediately after the war and is an incomplete version of the original structure. The Podlasie Museum has a rich collection of ethnographic artifacts.
One of the halls is occupied by a painting gallery, where portraits of famous Poles from the 18th century to the present day are presented. Among the paintings there are works by such famous portrait painters as Marcello Baccarelli, Johann Baptist Lampi the Elder and Joseph Grassi. All of them visited Poland, traveling to Eastern Europe from Italy and Austria.
Address: Muzeum Podlaskie w Białymstoku, Rynek Kościuszki, Bialystok, Poland.
This city museum, which opened in 1990, is a branch of the large Museum of Podlesya. It is housed in a beautiful city building - a luxurious mansion built for the family of a wealthy manufacturer. One of the museum's main exhibits presents the lifestyle of a luxurious bourgeois house of the late 19th century. There is a music salon, a boudoir, an office and a dining room.
In the premises you can see antique furniture, clothes, musical instruments, dishes and other household items of that time. The large-scale models of Bialystok from the time of Count Branicki, as well as reproductions of defunct architectural monuments such as the famous Ritz Hotel, attract attention.
The museum has a rich collection of coins, medals and seals. The largest collection of exhibits in Poland related to the history of Tatar settlements on Polish lands bordering Lithuania and Belarus occupies a special place in the permanent exhibition.
Address: Muzeum Historyczne - Oddział Muzeum Podlaskiego, Warszawska, Bialystok, Poland.
Podlasie Museum of Wooden Architecture
This large-scale open-air museum complex is located in the suburbs of Bialystok. About 40 wooden structures and other artifacts collected from the entire Podlesie region are represented here. The museum was founded in 1982, and one of its main goals is to preserve the traditions of wooden architecture in this region of Poland.
Among the exhibits you will see two windmills, a forge, a logger’s hut, a traditional Belarusian hut and a wooden treadmill. Probably the most large-scale exhibits are a neoclassical-style wooden manor built in the 1810s, and a whole village with five wooden houses around the square.
Most museum buildings are open to visitors. In the houses you can see traditional furniture, pottery, as well as a variety of tools of the time.
Address: Podlaskie Muzeum Kultury Ludowej, Leśna, Vasilkow, Poland.
A section of this city block with a length of more than a kilometer - from Henrik Senkevich Street to Piastovskaya Street - is characterized by an abundance of magnificent 19th-century architecture. At one time, these buildings were built for senior government officials and wealthy industrialists.
One of these structures is the Palace of the Governor of Bialystok, erected at the turn of the XIX century, during the Prussian rule. Later, a school was located in this building, in which the world-famous creator of Esperanto, L. L. Zamenhof, studied.
Two other notable buildings on Varshavskaya Street - the building of the Historical Museum and a luxurious neo-baroque mansion (now the Rubin Hotel) - were built at the end of the 20th century and belonged to wealthy city manufacturers.
Address: Ulica Warszawska, Białystok, Poland.
With the help of the exposition, this museum is trying to convey to visitors its view of the events of the past XX century, in particular, the historical period of the Second World War. In the exhibition halls there are many dioramas on which milestones of military history are recreated with historical accuracy.
Particularly important events of the war years include the activities of the Polish Resistance, the 1939 military operation called the September Campaign, machine-gun fire during the assault on the monastery ruins at the Battle of Monte Cassino in 1945, battles on the Eastern Front from 1944 to 1945, and also the events of the notorious Battle of Bautzen.
The exhibits of the post-war years give an idea of how quickly different types of weapons, equipment and military uniforms have been improved since the 1950s. In addition, the museum can learn a lot of interesting things about the peacekeeping and military missions of the Polish army over the past 25 years.
Address: Muzeum Wojska w Białymstoku, Jana Kilińskiego, Bialystok, Poland.
Podlaska Opera and Center for European Arts Philharmonic in Bialystok
The Podlasie Opera and Philharmonic in Białystok is the largest cultural institution in the northeastern region of Poland and the most modern theater in Europe, equipped with the latest equipment. The grand opening of the new building took place in 2012 - to the 58th theatrical season. The modern structure is a minimalist construction made of glass and concrete.
On the main stage with an auditorium designed for 1,000 seats, a large organ is installed - the second largest in all of Poland. In addition, the high-tech hall is equipped with moving platforms with decorations, display screens that help you adjust the desired acoustics of the hall in accordance with the current performance.
The new complex also includes an open amphitheater, lush gardens harmoniously blending with modern architecture, and a cast-iron sculpture weighing 2.5 tons - the work of the Polish artist Teresa Murak, a representative of the land art direction.
Address: Opera i Filharmonia Podlaska Europejskie Centrum Sztuki w Białymstoku, Odeska, Bialystok, Poland.
Monument to the Great Synagogue
On Surazhskaya Street in Bialystok, there is a monument with a memorial plaque, installed on the site of the Great City Synagogue. On June 27, 1949, this synagogue was burned down by German police along with people inside. That day, about 3,000 Polish Jews died as a result of fire, explosions, and shelling.
Today, on the lawn next to the monument, there is a crumpled metal frame - all that remains of the domed construction of the burnt synagogue. It is set in the center of cobblestone paths laid out in the shape of the Star of David, and serves as a reminder to posterity of the victims of the Holocaust.
Address: Pomnik Wielkiej Synagogi, Suraska, Bialystok, Poland.
Alfons Karny Sculpture Museum
One of the most amazing buildings in Bialystok is a wooden mansion in the city center, built in the second half of the 19th century for one of the royal major generals. Since 1993, this mansion houses a museum dedicated to the work of the sculptor Alfons Karny, a native of Bialystok.
Most of his works were created in the 20th century - mainly monuments in the style of socialist realism, but there are more interesting works, including sculptures by Albert Einstein, Ernest Hemingway, Frederic Chopin, Nikolai Copernicus and many other famous personalities. The museum exhibits many sculptures of famous people of Poland by Karny, tools from the workshop, as well as his collection of ancient and modern works of art.
Address: Muzeum Rzeźby Alfonsa Karnego, Świętojańska, Bialystok, Poland.
Those who are relaxing with children should definitely visit a small zoo, located a few hundred meters from the famous landmark of Bialystok - Branicki Palace. Admission to the zoo is free. This cozy city zoo was founded in the 1960s. Although there are exotic animals among its inhabitants, most of the animals are representatives of the fauna of the eastern part of Poland: brown bears, wolves, fallow deer, deer, wild cats, bison, as well as horses, goats and ponies of local breeds.
There are also spacious aviaries for birds: owls, hawks, Eurasian eagle owls, white storks and two species of pheasants. Due to the fact that the zoo is located in the forest zone, all animals are kept in spacious and comfortable conditions.
Address: Akcent ZOO, Podleśna, Bialystok, Poland.
May 3 Constitution Park
Bialystok Zoo occupies only the northern outskirts of the vast territory of the Zvezhynetsky Nature Reserve. This forest strip, stretching for many kilometers south of the city, was once used by the noble family of Branicki as hunting grounds. Currently, the park named after the Constitution of May 3 occupies 16 hectares of land - this is approximately half the area of the reserve, and still remains an untouched natural zone.
Most of the park is shrouded in a dense ancient forest. Mostly these are deciduous trees - oaks, hornbeams and birches, but elder and alder are found on more humid parts of the reserve. On the territory of the park you can see a number of military monuments dedicated to Russian and Polish soldiers who fought during the two world wars.
Address: Park Konstytucji 3 Maja w Białymstoku, Bialystok, Poland.
Wall painting "Girl with a watering can"
This colorful fresco, the height of a four-story building, has become a real symbol of Bialystok. It depicts a little girl who seems to water a real tree, standing next to the house. The mural was created by Polish street art artist Natalia Cancer in 2013. The real name of the fresco is “The Legend of the Giants”.
Address: Mural "Dziewczyna z konewką", Instytut Chemii UwB, aleja Józefa Piłsudskiego, Bialystok, Poland.
Ludwik Zamenhof Center
This city museum is dedicated to the famous native of Bialystok - Ludwik Zamenhof. Exhibits talk about the stages of his life and the history of the Esperanto language. Educational activities of the center are aimed at familiarizing visitors with the idea of multiculturalism and the history of its implementation in Bialystok. The idea is the peaceful coexistence of people of different races with the preservation of their national, religious and cultural values.
Multimedia exhibits and historical materials recreate the cultural climate of Bialystok that inspired Zamenhof to create Esperanto, a universal language that, he hoped, would facilitate communication and cooperation between people of different nationalities.
The Ludwik Zamenhof cultural center hosts permanent and temporary exhibitions, concerts, film screenings, theater performances, as well as literary discussions and educational lectures for children and youth.
Address: The Ludwik Zamenhof Center, Warszawska, Bialystok, Poland.
Bialystok Puppet Theater
Built in 1953, this theater was the first theater in Poland designed and equipped specifically for puppet shows. Białystok Puppet Theater is a reputable theater establishment. Large national and international puppet art festivals are regularly held here. The theater repertoire is based on children's performances based on popular fairy tales and legends.
In addition, the theater hosts performances for an adult audience, including stage adaptations of works of world classical literature - Nikolai Gogol, Thomas Bernhard and other famous writers.
Theater visitors are offered a visit to an unusual museum called the Puppet Basement. All the dolls, masks and decorations from old performances are moved to a small room, located directly under the main stage. In the basement is twilight, and the exhibits are highlighted in different colors - this creates a mysterious atmosphere in the unusual world of dolls.
Address: Bialystok Puppet Theater, Konstantego Kalinowskiego, Bialystok, Poland.
Bialystok - part of the zone, which is called the "green lungs" of Poland for its clean air. Planty Park, spread over an area of about 14 hectares near the Branicki Palace, is an ideal place where you can fully enjoy this clean air.
Walking along the alleys and boulevards of the park, you will see trimmed hedges and shrubs, manicured flower beds, as well as sculptures, picturesque ponds and a beautiful rose garden. There is a playground for children, and in summer the park often hosts concerts next to the magnificent fountain on Valentine Avenue, which is beautifully illuminated in the evening.
Address: Park Planty / Akademicka, Akademicka, Bialystok, Poland.
City `s history
The history of Bialystok dates back to the fourth century, it was then that the ancient city began to emerge. Years passed, views changed, wars raced. Bialystok has repeatedly found itself in the very center of hostilities. Over a thousand and a half thousand history, the city at various time periods was subordinate to Prussia and the Principality of Lithuania, Russia and Belarus. The period of Belarusian rule came during the events of the First World War.
Bialystok had a chance to visit the status of the Soviet city. This happened in the post-war period, but did not serve as a reason for the long-term existence of the new stronghold of the USSR. Soon, the Soviet authorities returned the city of Bialystok to the Polish beginning.
Each nation that influenced the history of the city left particles of its culture in Bialystok, which added unique and unique features to the city look. As if the souls of several Slavic peoples live in Bialystok.
The first thing tourists who come to Bialystok to see the luxury and splendor of the palaces is to visit the Palace (address: ul. Jana Kilińskiego 1) with more than three hundred years of history, built for the hetman’s family of Jan Bronitsky. This universally recognized landmark of Bialystok belonged at the end of the seventeenth century to its very influential owner.
Branicki Palace in Bialystok
Jan Bronitsky was politically ambitious and developed a plan to nominate himself, no less, to the post of king. But the election failed, King Jan was never prepared to become, but his magnificent palace in the Barrocan version, went down in the history of Bialystok for many years. Those who have been to Bialystok before visiting the French Palace of Versailles find an unusual resemblance in the features of two palaces. The same mystery of the parks, the unusual nature of the gardens and the mystery of the sculptural groups. It seems that the Bronitsky, who in the evenings walked along the paths of the park and had small talk, did not leave this place at all. There is still much preserved in its original form. And even at the entrance, tourists are greeted by the same gate with the emblem of the family, which once met the Bronitsky themselves.
Branicki landscape park in front of the palace
The palaces of Bialystok are his diamonds of history. Each of them has its own face, its own way. So, the Hasbach Palace (address: Dojlidy Fabryczne 23) still retains all the power of the ancient fortress, the luxurious synagogue of Citrons (address: ul. Ludwika Waryńskiego 24a) gives tourists its unforgettable splendor, the Lubomirski Palace (address: Dojlidy Fabryczne 26) gives you the opportunity to relax soul in his calm and tranquility. The splendor of the palaces attracts tourists, but does not overshadow their interest in the inconspicuous small house in which Napoleon Bonaparte himself once lived (address: aleja Jana Pawła II 62).
Old churches are not inferior in magnificence to the famous Palaces. Of course, other historical features and other spiritual energies are inherent in them. But it’s hard not to appreciate the beauty of the old Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (address: ul. Kościelna 2), which has absorbed all the best features of the Baroque style, underlined by Renaissance strokes.
Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Church of St. Roch (address: Ks. A. Abramowicza 1), erected on an ancient hill, rises above Bialystok as a holy keeper. Its magnificent carved and painted stars are visible from many sides of Bialystok.
Church of St. Roch in Bialystok
Alive in Bialystok and Orthodox traditions. Orthodox churches in honor of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker (address: ul. Lipowa 15) and Holy Spirit Cathedral (address: ul. Antoniuk Fabryczny 13) became a real decoration of the city.
Church of the Holy Spirit in Bialystok
The pearls of religious denominations in Bialystok are replaced by the keepers of its history - various museums. The greatest interest among tourists in the Historical Museum (address: ul. Warszawska 37) is caused by the numismatic collection, about 17,000 ringing and rustling witnesses of history are gathered here.
History Museum in Bialystok
In the Army Museum (address: ul. Jana Kilińskiego 7) you can get acquainted with the heroic past of Poland, and on the outskirts of Bialystok there is an opportunity to get acquainted with all the subtleties of the life of the Polish village in a specially created museum. It is believed that this is one of the best expositions of this direction in all of Europe. Here you can even look at a kind of factory for the production of moonshine - a distillery equipped according to all the rules.
Army Museum in Bialystok
The historically established tradition of Bialystok has become a careful attitude not only to architectural values, but also to musical masterpieces. In the city, according to tradition, unforgettable theatrical meetings, the best concert events and a variety of cultural events are held. The venue for the performance of stellar talents is the center of Ludwig Zamenhoffa (address: ul. Warszawska 19).
Center them. Ludwig Zamenhoffa in Bialystok
The suburban area of Bialystok is very unusual and colorful. Here, nature itself is a brilliant architect. The city is also famous for its unique national parks. The most famous of them is Belovezhsky. It forms a single whole with the Belarusian Belovezhskaya Pushcha. In this conservation area, protected by UNESCO, relict forests amaze with their splendor.
But in Bebzhan Park, among the marshy swamps, you can easily meet moose. Nobody offends these majestic animals here, therefore they are very friendly to people. In the park you can not only admire these forest beauties, but also treat them with something delicious.
Biebrza National Park
In the Narvyansk Nature Reserve, tourists find themselves in the real kingdom of birds. They are unthinkable here. The lake landscape of the reserve creates all opportunities for a comfortable life of birds.
Narvian National Park
But for lovers of peace and solitude, the Vegersky Reserve will undoubtedly be the best place to relax. Attendance here is not very high, which allows you to spend time without too much fuss.
About thirty kilometers from Bialystok is the extraordinary town of Tykocin, located on the banks of the Narva River. The peculiar miniature buildings of the town give it a fabulous look.
There is an amazing village of Pentovo near Bialystok, which is often called the village of storks. The winged beauties here are unthinkable, like their nests. That's where the real paradise for those who dream of a baby.
In Suprasl, near Bialystok, tourists are expected to meet with church traditions. Here you can see the ancient paintings of churches and ancient wooden church buildings, as well as touch the holy images in the Museum of Icons.
Modern life makes adjustments to the traditional features of hanging out in Bialystok. To excursion walks, purely practical ones are often added - shopping in numerous shopping centers.
Cuisine: what to try in Bialystok
The cuisine in Bialystok incorporates all the best culinary traditions of not only the Polish people, but also representatives of other Slavic nationalities.
Arriving in Bialystok, you just need to try in the local cafe the most popular dish of the city - Senkach. This special Bialystok cake resembles a tree trunk exactly. For this similarity, special technology is used to prepare it. The rolling pin, watered with batter, is twisted over an open fire, which leads to the formation of unusual tubercles.
A very unusual recipe in Bialystok is the borscht so familiar to everyone. Here it is customary to cook it on beef bone with the addition of mushrooms and beans.
And it’s simply impossible to leave Bialystok without tasting its national drink Bison. It is prepared on a grass basis, and grass is brought from Belovezhsky Park.
What you must do in Bialystok
Going to Bialystok, you need to clearly know that here it will simply be necessary to do the following things:
- Take a trip to admire the beauties of Bialowieza Park,
- Look into the town of Krushinyany, which is considered to be Tatar. Here, in the Bogdanovichi restaurant, you can taste amazing meat dishes.
- Do not forget to try Senkach in Bialystok - an original and deliciously delicious dish.
- Make purchases at the central or, as it is commonly called, the triangular Bialystok market, where you can buy almost everything, including exclusive souvenirs.
- Take a walk around the city, looking at the pedestrian street called Lipovaya. Here you can see an amazing number of houses that preserve the spirit of antiquity.
Here it is such a city of Bialystok - a mysterious, bewitching and quite modern.
The Army Museum in Białystok is a place where visitors will be introduced not only to the evolution of the uniform and equipment of the Polish army, but will also expand their knowledge of the military history of the Podlaskie Voivodeship. Permanent exhibitions are complemented by unique exhibits, dioramas, large-format photographs, multimedia cubes.
An association of Esperanto Białystoks is operating in the building of the inactive Synagogue Päskover. A memorial plaque on the wall of the house speaks of the former purpose of this building. The wooden building of 1920 was later replaced by a brick building of the same name. The building has an original shape. Ceilings and window frames are also preserved.
In the building of the last synagogue closed in Bialystok - the Citron synagogue, now located the Słędzynski Art Gallery. This ornate Art Nouveau brick building, built by the manufacturer Shmuel Citron, has long been the main synagogue. It continued to fulfill its functions even in the Bialystok ghetto.
Białystok Puppet Theater is one of the largest puppet theaters in Poland. His repertoire includes the adaptation of world literature not only for children, because it was here that the first Polish stage for adults was organized. And the theater building itself is the first in Poland designed specifically for the puppet theater. Due to the high artistic level, the theater became the Polish center for puppet art.
Biebrza National Park
Biebrza National Park is the largest national park in Poland. It was founded not so long ago, only in the early nineties, and totals about 60,000 hectares. An extremely picturesque, secluded and captivating national park was created to protect huge and almost unchanged peatlands with a unique variety of plants and animals in their natural ecosystems. Great place for nature lovers. Paved numerous hiking trails and nature trails make exploring and exploring this charming corner of Poland easier.
The main square of Bialystok is the unusual triangular Market of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. This is the heart of the city, beating with a lively rhythm and created, like many other objects of Bialystok, thanks to the hetman Branicki, who restored everything after the fire in 1753. To this day there are buildings of those times. Standing on specially marked circles, you can see how this place looked before the Second World War and immediately after.
The most important object on the Market Square is the Town Hall with a clock tower, built in 1761. The Białystok Town Hall was never a municipality building, but initially there were trading places. The tower was used by firefighters for monitoring the city. Now in the Town Hall is the City Museum, an ethnographic studio and a laboratory.
In 1890, with the advent of urban water supply, a fountain was located on Kosciuszko Square. A bowl with bronze figures of young people on a granite pedestal is installed in a seven-meter pool. The sculptures represent fishing, agriculture and music.
Old Farne Cathedral
Above the center of Bialystok, where relatively low buildings prevail, towers of the Catholic Cathedral rise. This is the Cathedral complex, consisting of: the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which is a neo-Gothic basilica of the 20th century red brick and a white parish church of the seventeenth century, founded by Peter Veselovsky the Younger. This is the oldest preserved stone monument in the city - the Old Farny Church. It was once the family mausoleum of the Branicki family.
Church of St. Roch
Church of St. Roch - a monument built in honor of independence. Built on an octagon plane, it amazes with a unique modernist solution to the shrine. The tower of the church is 83 meters high, and on its top there is a three-meter statue of the Virgin Mary. The church building is an architectural landmark of Europe in the first half of the 20th century.
St. Nicholas Cathedral
St. Nicholas Cathedral is the cathedral of the Polish Orthodox Church. The church building itself represents the style of Russian classicism and was created according to the Greek cross plan. The interior of the temple belongs to the Byzantine style. Here you can bow to the Bialystok Icon of the Mother of God, the icon of the Protection of the Mother of God and the relics of St. Gabriel - the patron saint of children and youth.
Branicki Landscape Park
Due to the rough terrain, the Branicki landscape park is located on two levels. The upper part of the park has the shape of a quadrangle and is in close proximity to the palace. Numerous fountains and flowerbeds give the look and character of a French park. The lower part, with the English type, amazes with the number of arbors, pavilions, gazebos and embankments.If you like long walks along perfectly planned paths with equally trimmed hedges and rich, interesting vegetation, this place is suitable even for spending half a day in it. There are many alleys and, above all, the Avenue of Lovers, pedestrian zones, more than 20 monuments, four fountains and even a sphinx on baseboards.
Hiking and driving routes to the sights of Bialystok in Poland
A walking route allows you to learn about the legendary nobles who owned Bialystok for several centuries and largely determined the architecture of the town and its development. Be sure to visit the magnificent Branicki Palace and Park Complex, which in its grandeur and splendor is in no way inferior to the royal Wilanow Palace in Warsaw. This palace is not difficult to find, it is located in the center. Visit the palace, walk through the magnificent park, photograph the arch at the entrance to the complex. Opposite the palace is the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Old Farny Church in the same place. On Lipova street, go to the Church of St. Roch. It is visible from many points of the town.
From the observation deck of the Church of St. Roch offers a good view of the most important and historic street Lipova
A variety of attractions coexist with each other in a densely built center. If you are only in transit in Bialystok, a short sightseeing tour may be limited to the Market Square. Here you will see the city Hall, throw a coin in the Fountain, visit the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Old Farny Church. The Army Museum is located next to the church.
Bialystok has its own historic city center where a beautiful church, a market square and the palace of the former rulers of the city are located
By car, you can visit a number of museums located in the industrial zone, for example, the museum of retro technology. Or go to Biebrza National Park and spend the whole day outdoors. And if you have time, you can visit other sights of Poland, for example, the city of bridges Wroclaw or the city of Kings of Krakow.
Visiting Bialystok, there is always something to see with children. The local Puppet Theater on Teatralnaya Street offers fun shows. However, knowing the Polish language is optional. The emotions, intonations and sign language of the actors and dolls will convey the character of any work. The repertoire of the puppet theater is a work of world classics translated into Polish.
Old Farny Church
The ancient building consists of two important sights of the city: the Church of the Virgin Mary and the old church. The Old Farny Church was built of red brick in the late Gothic style. At the beginning of the last century, more than 10 thousand people came here, so it was decided to expand the construction. Inside you will be impressed by the old altar.
The crypt of the temple contains the remains of the ashes of its founders and other clergymen. On weekends, organ music is heard from the building.
One of the most visited attractions in Bialystok is the city hall. It is worth noting that government officials have never been based here. There were always shops and trading floors. At one time, the tower of the town hall was used by a fire station to inspect the situation in the city. During the war, the building was badly damaged, but in 1958 it was completely restored.
A beautiful white-stone building with a red roof is often found on postcards and excursion programs. Tourists come here to visit the Podlanska Museum, which operates in the middle of the town hall today.
Shopping in Bialystok
The range of goods that can be purchased in the city is huge. When visiting Bialystok in Poland with sights that will be remembered for a long time, be sure to find some time for shopping. Interestingly, different groups of goods come here from Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia and Russia. The stores regularly arrange lucrative promotions and sales. Having visited large shopping centers, you will surely find shopping to your liking.
Do not forget about the clothing markets in Bialystok. The prices here are pleasant and the goods can be found at good prices.
Traditional Bialystok cuisine
The formation of taste preferences of the inhabitants of Bialystok was influenced by Polish, Russian, German and Baltic cuisine. Dishes that are ubiquitous in the restaurants of the city do not differ in special delicacies. This is a quality food with skillful use of seasonings and spices.
If you do not know what to see in Bialystok, go to one of the places where national dishes are prepared. Here you will be offered roast veal, ham, spicy home-made sausage, loin baked with potatoes and fried chicken in sour cream sauce.
Of the first courses, goose blood or pickled soup is especially famous. Vodka is the most popular alcohol drink of Bialystok residents, although women will like local tinctures and liquors.
Some places worth visiting are the Cristal Bar and Lipcowy Ogrod Restaurant.
Prices for holidays for tourists in Bialystok
Some avid travelers do not intentionally stay in Warsaw, realizing the benefits of living in Bialystok. The cost of services here is much lower than in the regional center. The number of visitors in the city is less, so you do not have to overpay for food, clothing and even souvenirs.
The hostel is considered the most economical type of housing. Some excursion programs include accommodation in one of the hotels in the city. If you come to Bialystok, the sights do not necessarily include expensive fees. In addition to acquaintance with street sculptures and parks, there are places where you can go for minimal money. In other words, there is something to visit for people with different income levels.
Bialystok is an interesting place that is filled with the spirit of history. Once you have been here, you will want to take a piece of the city with you in order to remember again and again about the moments experienced during the excursions.
What to see in Bialystok?
The city is small and great for a day trip. In an abridged version, it is quite possible to spend half a day on shopping, and half a day on attractions. And you can arrange a full-fledged leisurely weekend and make Bialystok truly respond to the heart. All in your hands.
I offer a simple route that will allow you to get around all the attractions in a couple of hours.
Having walked a little longer, I came across stupid steps to the Ministry, a fitness center in a real wooden hut and a building where you cannot go with crocodiles. And what will be revealed to you? Let's go in order.
Kosciuszko Square, town hall with art museum and cafe with great views
A sweet square with a toy town hall in the middle.
The Town Hall now houses the Art Museum with Polish painting. A pleasant surprise was an interesting audio guide. Without it, a museum can be flown in about 15 minutes, with it - reserve 40-60 minutes to visit. True, the audio guide is available only in Polish and English.
Opening hours: 10.00-17.00, day off - Monday
Price: PLN 10/5, admission is free on Sundays
Address: Rynek Kościuszki 10
Also on the square you will see a building with Astoria signboard - on the ground floor there is a budget dining room with tasty and almost home-style dishes, and if you take the elevator to the third floor, you will find a pleasant coffee house with a beautiful view of the city and open in the warm season the terrace.
Museum of the Polish Army
A step away from Kosciuszko Square is a place that almost any man will be happy to enter. The museum is divided into halls where you can see the evolution of Polish military themes from the time of chivalry to the present day. Unfortunately, there is no information in Russian again, but the museum has done everything clearly and much is clear without words.
Opening hours: 9.30-17.00, closed on Monday
Price: PLN 7/4, admission is free on Saturdays
Address: Jana Kilińskiego 7
Museum of Medicine
Delight! The museum showed an unexpectedly rich collection of exhibits. There are alcoholic parts of the brain, and a dental office at the beginning of the 20th century, and the first X-ray machines, and various machines for checking and treating eyesight ...
Since most of the items do not lie under glass and are freely available, museum inspection is possible only with a guide. And this is for the best, because the guide will definitely tell you a couple of interesting facts, and you will most likely understand him, even if he speaks Polish.
Opening hours: weekdays: 10.00-17.00, days off: 9.00-17.00, days off - Monday
Price: 12/6 PLN (includes the Branicki Palace and the Museum of Medicine, duration - 45-60 minutes).
Address: Jana Kilińskiego 1
Esperanto Creator Center - Ludwik Zamenhof
Ludwik Zamenhof lived all his childhood and part of his youth in Bialystok. About this - the permanent exhibition "Bialystok young Zamenhof." The audio guide to the museum will tell you everything in detail. I deliberately do not write the word “audio guide” - here they don’t give you headphones, and the audio accompaniment is turned on automatically when moving from room to room. Unfortunately, only in Polish. For those who know English - information can be read on the stands. The exposition is small, there is no innovative presentation of material, but those interested in this topic can take a look.
Opening hours: 10.00-17.00, day off - Monday
Price: 8/4 PLN
Address: ul. Warszawska 19
If you go beyond the fence of the park and get into the right corner (marked on the map), you can see one of the funniest local attractions - the dog Cavelina. As a rule, monuments to dogs look very cute, and put them in memory of very faithful and friendly dogs. But here is a completely different story ...
The monument was erected even before the war, and Tsar Colonel Nikolai Cavelin, who lived in the Belostotsk Region in the 80s of the 19th century, became its forefather. The colonel promoted sports, was a bright and famous person, the soul of the company. His friends from the local creative bohemia decided to give the colonel a non-standard gift. According to the authors, the sculpture was supposed to resemble that of Nicholas. At the end of the war, the dog’s statue disappeared, but a few decades later the monument was restored. Russian activists from Bialystok proposed renaming the monument from “Dog Cavelin” to “Dog Cavelin”, but their request was ignored.
And yes, a photograph. Here it is, this dog Cavelin. They say that if a person with dark thoughts puts his hand in the mouth of a dog, then it will shut. Fortunately, there have not been such cases yet.
Alfa Shopping Center
Everything flows, everything changes. Once upon a time there was a large fabric manufactory, where as many as 600 people worked before the First World War! Now the figure "600" is no longer perceived as large-scale - about as many people go through the current shopping center in a couple of hours. But what still touches the heart is the accuracy of the developers. After all, the remains of the walls of the former factory can be seen right inside the shopping center.
In addition to this, exhibitions of fine craftsmanship are often held inside. I was fortunate enough to see royal embroidered handbags.
The assortment of the shopping center itself is quite familiar. If you have the opportunity to come shopping on a weekday, then there will be much less people inside. On Saturday, most of the people, since almost every Sunday (since 2020 - every Sunday) shops are completely closed.
Opening hours: 9.00-21.00, Sunday: 10.00-20.00. I remind you that in Poland on Sundays stores are only open on the last Sunday of the month (in 2019), on the rest of Sundays the stores are closed!
Address: Świętojańska 15
The building of the Opera and Philharmonic
Is Classical Art a Classical Building? Well, no, not in Bialystok! There is a round glass dome above the entrance, resembling a flying saucer, inside is now a combination of metal and wood, and on the roof there is a garden, which is very much like the Warsaw University Library building.
Access to the roof garden is open in the warm season (entrance - 5 zł), but inside the building itself you can go any month. There you can sit with a cup of coffee in a very cozy theater cafe.
The main thing, as indicated on the front door, is not to bring crocodiles here, because they are not allowed to enter.
... All Bialystok has long been fit in my phone. You can turn it in your hands and look at the city from all angles at once.
But for the full picture, we do not have enough people. The city keeps a memory, calling the streets important names. Branitsky, Pilsudsky, Skłodowska Curie ... Every time we pronounce the name of such streets, we recall someone very significant, and if so, we prolong our life. And the names of pleasant companions, drivers, guides are often erased, but meetings with them enliven the city in our memories. I remember the enthusiasm of my guide at the Branicki Palace, the cheerful ranger of the army museum, the smiling girl in the cafe ...
It is so great that we have the opportunity to be in such small cities, collect them on islands of memory, and then sometimes get them, like the same important movie ticket and enjoy the memories. From Bialystok they can be taken away a lot, you just need to look deeper than the top.