Sights of Varna


The site contains Varna sights - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Varna, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Varna.

Assumption Cathedral

The Assumption Cathedral or the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the largest church in the city of Varna and is located in the city center on Cyril and Methodius Square. The temple belongs to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. It was erected in honor of the liberation of the city from Ottoman rule, and its doors opened to parishioners in 1886.

The three-nave domed cathedral is a magnificent cultural monument. The interior of the temple consists of magnificent frescoes, stained-glass windows and icons. In the evening, the building is illuminated, which makes it more elegant and beautiful. During services at the Assumption Cathedral, one can hear the most famous male choir in Bulgaria.

Ethnographical museum

The Ethnographic Museum of Varna was founded in 1974 in a magnificent building made in the Renaissance style. Its exposition presents many samples revealing the rich variety of life and culture of the Varna region in the period from the beginning of the 19th to the end of the 20th century. On the ground floor there is an exhibition telling visitors about the main activities of the indigenous population - animal husbandry, agriculture, fishing, viticulture and beekeeping. Particular attention is paid to cooper and weaving.

On the second floor of the Ethnographic Museum there are a variety of folk costumes that give an idea of ​​the demographic appearance of these places. Due to the complex processes of population migration that took place in the 19th century, the clothes of the inhabitants of those times are very diverse. This unique collection will be able to give an idea of ​​the appearance of both the local population and immigrants from Asia Minor, Macedonia and Thrace.

The highlight of the museum is a small old ryolmedzha rally, which was used for plowing land in the early XX century. Also, tourists are presented with forms for baking bread and vessels for storing grain. The institution is open from Tuesday to Sunday - from 10:00 to 17:00.

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Varna Airport

Varna Airport is the third largest airport in Bulgaria. It is located 10 kilometers from the center of Varna, near the city of Aksakovo.

The history of Varna Airport began in 1916. Irregular flights between Varna and Sofia began in 1919 - 1920, and the first regular flight appeared only in 1947. The decision to build a new airport was made in 1946. Construction lasted almost 30 years. In 1972, a terminal was built, and in 1974, an airstrip.

Currently, the passenger flow of Varna Airport has increased significantly, which is associated with the development of the tourism industry in Bulgaria. This led to the need to expand and modernize the airport.

From October 15, 2011 to February 28, 2012 Varna Airport closed for the reconstruction of the runway. A new passenger terminal is also under construction.

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Archaeological Museum

The Archaeological Museum, located in the city of Varna, is one of the largest in Bulgaria. It was created in the summer of 1886 and was originally located on the territory of the city library. The current building in which the museum is located was built in 1898 in the Neo-Renaissance style. The first exhibition was opened here in June 1906, and the famous museum archaeologist Karel Shkorpil was the first director of the museum. Since 1945, the management and financing of the institution passed to the state. The total area of ​​the archaeological museum is 2150 square meters.

Its infrastructure includes 32 exhibition halls, a library, an archive, training rooms, a storehouse and a huge courtyard, which houses marble and stone exhibits. The permanent expositions of the institution are divided into three parts - Prehistory, Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Also here you can get acquainted with the oldest gold treasures in the world, as well as with unique icons of the Renaissance. One of the most popular examples of the museum is a symbol of monarchical power - a golden rod. Of particular interest is the coffin, which houses the skeleton of a 50-year-old man, covered with many gold ornaments.

Seaside park

The seaside park in the port city of Varna is the largest, oldest and most famous public park in Bulgaria, and is also considered the largest landscape park in the Balkans. Located along the Black Sea coast, it is an important tourist center and a national monument of landscape gardening. Valuable tree species grow here and flower gardens of amazing beauty are located.

The park houses one of Varna’s most famous buildings - the Aquarium, built in 1906-1911. There are also fountains installed in 1912-1913, monuments, a seaside casino of 1930, an avenue of Cosmonauts, the Pantheon of those killed in the fight against fascism, a museum of natural history, an open-air theater, an observatory, a planetarium, a zoo, a dolphinarium and a children's amusement park. In 1939, a modern central entrance was made here with a wide platform and high columns, and a swan figure in the form of a sundial was later installed in front of the entrance.

The park also has wonderful fish restaurants.

Cathedral of the Assumption

The Great Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary looks contradictory. On the one hand, shining with the golden onions of the domes, it is elegant and majestic, on the other, this massive and heavy architecture resembles the walls of a castle. It was built in the late 19th century in honor of the declaration of independence from Turkish rule.

The architect of the cathedral was Odessa Maas, and the temple was dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in honor of the Russian Empress Maria Alexandrovna, who was an aunt to the Bulgarian prince Alexander I Batenberg. An interesting fact is that the walls of the building were made of stones, which made up the former Turkish fortress walls around Varna.

The cathedral is considered one of the symbols of Varna. Inside you can see the frescoes of modern work of the mid-20th century. The stained glass windows and the carved throne of the archbishop are very good.

Aladzha Monastery

The monastery, better known as Aladzha, is consecrated in honor of the Holy Trinity. This is one of the few monasteries in Bulgaria carved into the rock. It is located just 14 km from Varna and 2 km from the popular Golden Sands resort. The date of its foundation is not known, but it is already mentioned in book sources of the X century. It is known for certain that its appearance is connected with the religious movement that arose at that time under the name “Hesychasm.” Hesychast monks went into remote places in order to pray in solitude and silence. Gradually formed whole monasteries, remote and inaccessible to the laity.

In 1889, a detailed study of the monastery was conducted with the compilation of its map. Later, a museum was opened at the monastery. However, its main secrets have not yet been studied. So, for example, there is a legend about a lonely monk who comes across any stray visitor to the monastery. The monk asks the traveler for a long time, and then disappears before his eyes.

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Dolphinarium in Varna

Dolphinarium in Varna is one of a kind on the Balkan Peninsula, as well as one of the places for family hanging out in Varna. The performance lasts 40 minutes and takes place daily at different times except Monday. The unique dolphin show includes many water attractions performed by marine mammals: acrobatics, music, dancing, balancing, playing with the audience and others. Presentation is held simultaneously in four languages: Bulgarian, Russian, English and German. The most loyal and grateful audience are children, and dolphins will not leave them unattended.

In 1992, a dolphin was born in a dolphinarium, which became a sign that marine mammals feel at home and receive the necessary care.

On the territory of the dolphinarium there is a cafe where you can watch the game of dolphins in the pool through panoramic glass.

The most popular sights in Varna with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places of Varna on our website.

Sights of Varna

Varna has many names: “the pearl of the coast”, “the queen of the Black Sea”, “the summer capital of Bulgaria” - as soon as this resort town is not called! Thanks to its long and rich history, Varna attracts tourists not only for its beaches, but also for its interesting architecture and invaluable cultural heritage.

The city was in turn owned by the Romans, Byzantines and Turks, which undoubtedly affected its appearance. Roman baths of the II century here are adjacent to the mansions of the XIX century, creating a rather unusual contrast.

Varna is also an important cultural center of Bulgaria. One of the central events is the Varna Summer festival, which annually gathers thousands of participants and spectators from all over the world.

What to see and where to go in Varna?

The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.

1. "Driven stones"

Stone columns of natural origin, located 18 km from Varna. It is believed that they arose as a result of weathering of rocks or formed from hardened corals. For 200 years of research, scientists have not come to a consensus about the veracity of one of the versions. To preserve the unique sights, the territory with stones was declared a natural monument.

2. Evksinograd

The summer residence of the royal family on the Black Sea, which today is used for government receptions. The palace was built at the end of the XIX century by order of Prince A. Battenberg. For the sample was taken the residence of the Orleans house in one of the suburbs of Paris, destroyed during the Franco-Prussian war. In the construction of Euxinograd, surviving fragments of the Paris Palace were used.

4. Roman Baths

Antique baths were built in the II century and were used until the end of the III century. An impressive bath complex the size of a football field is located in the center of Varna among residential buildings. It is believed that these were the largest baths on the Balkan Peninsula and the fourth largest in the entire Roman Empire. Today, even from the surviving ruins, one can judge the scale of this ancient structure.

6. Armenian Church of St. Sarkis

The Armenian Orthodox Church, which was built in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a burnt church in honor of St. Sarkis, an associate who lived during the time of Emperor Constantine and became famous for converting pagans to the Christian faith. The main facade of the building is made of red brick, the side walls are covered with white stucco. Inside the temple is painted in the Byzantine style.

8. Varna Opera House

The theater stage is located in a picturesque empire style mansion, which is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the city. Varna Opera is second only to Sofia in popularity. The troupe was formed in 1947 and immediately began working on the production of works by classical and contemporary authors. Later, operettas were added to the repertoire, which allowed to attract more viewers.

10. Ethnographic Museum

The museum opened in 1974 in a 19th-century mansion. His collection is dedicated to the culture and life of people living in the Varna region. The exposition, spread over two floors, covers the time period from the second half of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th. In the museum you can learn about the traditional crafts of the region: fishing, beekeeping and viticulture, as well as look at tools and household items.

11. Retro Museum

The meeting was created on the initiative of businessman C. Atanasov, who was collecting retro cars and various items that were in use by residents of the Warsaw Treaty member countries. Over time, the exposition grew to such a size that it had to rent a separate room. The main "gem" of the collection is the car the seagull, which belonged to Todor Zhivkov.

12. Museum of the history of Varna

The museum building is located in the center of Varna near the Roman baths. Here visitors can learn about the history of the city from 1878 to 1939. Most of the collection is a reconstruction of city cafes, shops and offices. The remaining halls demonstrate weapons of the First and Second World War, as well as the Balkan Wars, clothing, photographs and interior items.

13. National Maritime Museum

The collection appeared in 1923 thanks to a group of enthusiasts. It consists of naval uniforms, ship models, insignia and ship guns. The exhibits are located in 12 rooms. First of all, the exposition will be interesting to lovers of naval military subjects and people who are simply interested in ships. The museum has a library with a rich book fund.

14. Park Museum "Vladislav Varnenchik"

The memorial complex erected in honor of the national hero Vladislav Varnenchik (Vladislav III Jagiello) - the Polish-Hungarian king who died in the battle of 1444, when the combined army of Bulgarians, Czechs, Hungarians, Bosnians, Croats, Poles and Romanians tried to stop the Turkish invasion Ottomans to Europe. The museum was created in 1924. The complex is the mausoleum of Jagiello, but the body of the king himself is not there.

15. Dolphinarium

Varna, like almost any resort town on the seashore, has its own dolphinarium. All six days a week, when performances are held here, the stands are filled to capacity, because the funny marine mammals do not leave anyone indifferent. Animals dance during the show and “sing” Bulgarian songs, which lead the audience into an indescribable delight.

16. Varna Aquarium

The aquarium is located in the building of the Institute of Aquaculture and Fisheries, which was erected in 1912. Sea inhabitants live in spacious reservoirs where optimal living conditions are created. Part of the exhibition shows the underwater fauna of the Black Sea, another part is dedicated to the oceans. In addition to fish, here you can see algae, mollusks, octopuses and jellyfish.

17. Varna Zoo

Varna Zoo is not large in size - its territory can easily be bypassed in 30 minutes. The animals here are kept in enclosures behind bars, so they can only be watched from afar. The history of the zoo began in 1956, when the crew of a military ship brought a bear from the next voyage. The animal was nicknamed Maxim and settled in Seaside Park. Soon other inhabitants joined him.

18. University Botanical Garden "Ecopark"

The garden opened to visitors in 2002. Previously, a university plant nursery was located on its territory. In Ecopark exotic plants and local species grow side by side. Here you can see the sea pine, ginkgo, iron, paper and tulip trees and other interesting specimens. The park has a gorgeous rose garden, where more than 30 species of this flower are planted.

19. Varna Lake

An extended estuary on the coast near Varna, which is connected to Beloslavsky Lake and the Gulf of Varna through shipping channels. The pond has an area of ​​17 km² and a relatively shallow depth of only 19 meters. Its bottom is covered with a layer of silt and hydrogen sulfide mud, which has healing properties. Near the lake is the famous Varna Necropolis.

20. Cape Kaliakra

The cape is located about 60 km from Varna on the Dobrudzhan plateau. It is included in the list of the hundred most picturesque sights of Bulgaria. On its territory is a nature reserve. The cliffs of the cape rise 70 meters above the sea, protecting the bay from cold winds. The legend of 40 girls who rushed to the Black Sea in order not to be captured by the Ottoman Turks is associated with this place.