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Forty-Holy Church of Pereslavl

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Church of the Forty Martyrs
Object of cultural heritage of the eighteenth century. The current church.

Address: Pereslavl-Zalessky, st. Left Embankment, 165
tel.: +7 (48535) 3-44-83
Temple attendance schedule: Sat 07.00-20.00, Sun., holidays 07.00-15.00

Temple and feast days: March 22 - Temple Feast Day of Remembrance of the Holy Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

  • September 21 - Christmas of the Most Holy Theotokos (patronal feast)
  • October 29 - Memorial Day of the Holy Martyr Eugene (Elkhovsky)
  • Easter Sunday 6th - procession on the river Water blessing
Particularly revered shrines: Icon of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste with particles of relics

Description:
The spacious two-story Sorokosvyatskaya Church is located in the picturesque place of Pereslavl-Zalessky, on the outskirts of the old Fisherman's Settlement, where the Trubezh River flows into Lake Pleshcheevo. This temple attracts attention not only with its beautiful location, but also with its elegant white details of decoration on a bright red background. From time immemorial, the church, built in the name of the Forty Sebastian Martyrs, served as a kind of beacon for fishermen engaged in fishing far on the lake.

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Architecture

A massive quadrangle of the temple is crowned with a five-domed head, but the small chapters are not arranged in the corners of the quadruple, as usual, but on small gables located on all four sides. A similar arrangement is characteristic of wooden architecture, not stone.

Facade of the Forty-Sacred Church Russian Golden Ring Travel Guide, CC BY-SA 3.0

The composition of the church is traditional, three-part-axial, the building consists of a main volume lined up with one large apse, refectory and a bell tower. But its decor can not be called ordinary in any way. All three rows of windows of the main volume have their own platbands, not similar to one another.

The bell tower of the Church of the Forty Martyrs Russian Golden Ring Travel Guide, CC BY-SA 3.0

The high bell-crowned bell tower was added in the 19th century. Its decoration is noticeably different from the main four: rusticated walls of the lower tier, half-columns and high arched openings of the upper tiers.

The article was prepared on the basis of materials: Wikipedia, Author's permission is available.
Photo: PereslavlFoto, CC BY-SA 3.0.

How to get there

Ways to get there are by car or on foot. Exit from the main road following the sign to Proezdnaya Street. Parking directly at the Temple may be limited, it is convenient to park a car, a bus 200 meters along Levaya Naberezhnaya Street.

  • Forty Martyrs of Sebaste
  • Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Schedule of Divine Services

Divine services are held on holidays, Saturdays and Sundays.

Also, throughout the year, every Thursday, the Akathist of the Forty is read to the Holy Martyrs of Sebaste.

A detailed schedule of services for the current week is posted at the entrance to the temple.

One of the most beautiful views of Lake Pleshcheevo opens from here.

Goritsky monastery

The cloister was built in the fourteenth century. Orthodox authorities discredited the status of the monastery after two centuries. The huge buildings became the property of the local bishop. The clergyman founded the residence and spent most of his life near the churches. The archives of the monastery were not preserved: temples often burned, as they were wooden. Historians are not sure that the buildings have been preserved in their original form. Several scholars agree that the monastery was destroyed and instead built a couple of mansions for senior officials, and then they all returned to normal. This gives the history of the monastery mystery, unusual for most buildings of Russian architecture. The 20th century was a turning point for the monastery: the Soviet government transferred the temples to the museum-reserve. Now the temples are not functioning and the cultural center of the city is located in them.

Assumption Goritsky monastery

Tourists and locals consider the Assumption Goritsky monastery the main historical heritage of Pereslavl.

Boat of Peter the Great

Boat of Peter the Great

In the village of Veskovo, a ten-minute drive from the city center, there is a small mountain Gremyach, on which there is a museum-estate. Here are many halls that reflect the culture of the Russian Empire during the reign of Peter the Great. A special pride of the museum is the building in which the ship of Fortune is located. The first Russian emperor built a funny flotilla off the coast of Lake Pleshcheyev. Fortune is the only surviving instance of that distant time. The museum was founded in the eighteenth century, then large landowners bought the territory of the village, but after fifty years, Mikhail Romanov returned the historical object to state ownership. Together with his brother erected a monument to Peter. The last representative of the monarchist dynasty, Nicholas II, did not pass this place: a belvedere and a marina were built at the arrival of a senior official. Anyone can come to the museum. The price does not bite: fifty rubles for the entrance to the main house, and a walk in the park will cost a tourist only twenty rubles.

Pereslavl Kremlin

Located in the historical part of the city. Several temples and one-story buildings surrounded by a huge number of earthen ramparts that took religious monuments in the ring. Archaeologists believe that the creation of the Kremlin belongs to the hands of Yuri Dolgoruky. Now, near the churches are small buildings and modern buildings.

Ganshin Manor

A prosperous tradesman Alexei Ganshin lived in a small mansion twenty kilometers from Pereslavl. The merchant acquired the house in the late nineteenth century. The merchant was friends at that time with the underground organizer of revolutions and coups, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The future leader handed over to his friend the manuscript of the book “What are Friends of the People and How They Fight the Social Democrats”. A manual for beginning revolutionaries and simply doubters was printed in the estate. Soon, about thirty houses were burned in the village, including Ganshin's house.

The estate was transferred to the care of the local museum-reserve. Now there is a reconstruction of the house. The museum exposition tells about the life of a person in the nineteenth century and about the owner of the premises, the October Revolution and the leader of the world proletariat.

Berendey House

Who is Berendey? Berendey is a hero of Russian folklore. Some storytellers consider him a wise and far-sighted king, others - a half-werewolf, turning into a fierce bear. The organizers of the museum decided to realize the dream of any child - to place in one place their favorite characters in fairy tales. Adults will also be able to find something to do: the guide will tell you about ancient crafts, try to teach visitors how to do unusual crafts with their own hands. The museum also hosts numerous theatrical performances with actors playing the roles of mythological creatures. If you want to plunge into the life of ancestors, stretch your bones and listen to the unusual and sometimes exciting stories of museum employees, then you need to sign up for an excursion to the Berendey house as soon as possible.

Transfiguration Cathedral

Inside the Kremlin, the Transfiguration Cathedral is located. The construction was erected in the place where, according to legend, Alexander Nevsky was born. The great commander conducted many glorious battles with the squad, became famous throughout the world for his victory in the Battle of the Ice. Later, the Orthodox administration recognized him as a saint. The building was built at the end of the thirteenth century, the architecture is typical of that time.

At the moment, the temple is under restoration. But getting inside a religious monument is not difficult - you need to pay a symbolic amount for the admission ticket.

Iron Museum

The museum building is located on Sovetskaya Street. Businessman Alexei Vorobyov bought a small building several years ago. Having restored the house from the fire, the entrepreneur opened an antique store. Having rebuilt the rooms a bit and made repairs, the businessman brings a huge number of irons of different prescription inside and transforms the mansion into a museum. A private person organizes a cultural place without help at his own expense? How often do you see this today? The exposition of the museum is not full of diversity, which was clear from the name. Despite this, the museum is in demand among tourists. On holidays, anyone can use the exhibit and stroke a couple of things. Irons are also available at the gift shop.

St. Nicholas Monastery

The female monastery was built in the fourteenth century. The monastery was supposed to be male, but the bishop decreed otherwise. The Mongol-Tatar yoke passed and settled in most of the territory of Russia. Nicholas Monastery suffered from constant raids of the enemy: the building burned several times. In the fifteenth century, the building was given a decent look. In Soviet times, it was no better: two churches were blown up, while others were converted into a livestock base. Many years passed and the buildings were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. Restoration work was carried out, a new St. Nicholas Church was built. Now, on the territory of the monastery, you can see, in addition to the church described above, the Annunciation and Peter and Paul, the fence with miniature towers is also well preserved.

Nikitsky monastery

The construction dates from the beginning of the eleventh century. The monastery is one of the most ancient monasteries in Russia. Vladimir, who baptized Russia, transferred his son Boris the rights to part of the Suzdal lands. The young leader, under the auspices of Hilarion, built several churches in the Pereslavl lands. In ancient times, paganism still existed in the Yaroslavl territories, so the people hardly accepted the new belief. But, having gone through the tricks of Vladimir, he was nevertheless baptized. During its existence, the monastery was rebuilt several times. Powerful walls are a sign of a good defensive structure. In a local monastery, the population took refuge in enemy raids.

An ordinary tourist, according to the Golden Ring program, must visit a charitable place.

Teapot Museum

The second private museum of Pereslavl-Zalessky. The building is small, resembling an ancestral hut, inside a room with a huge number of shelving. On each shelf there are several dozen exhibits: teapots, samovars, saucers and much more. Guides will talk about the culture of tea drinking in Russia, diluting historical facts with ditties and riddles. Also, exhibition employees come up with new interactive programs. The museum will appeal to both adults and children.

Church of Metropolitan Peter

A wooden building was erected at the beginning of the fifteenth century. The construction is named after the revered Metropolitan Peter.

Church of Metropolitan Peter

An interesting fact is that the church was rebuilt after one hundred and sixty years. The building became stone and had two tiers. There was a prison in the basement, and services were held on the ground floor. The architecture of the tent-type building, because at that time many churches looked exactly like that.

At the moment, restoration is underway inside the buildings. Some of the best specialists in Russia are involved. For tourists, entry to the temple is prohibited!

Russian park

Ten hectares of land saturated with the history of Russia. Folk crafts, creativity and fun are presented in one place. Anyone can visit the exhibition of murals and paintings, get acquainted with the women's dresses of their ancestors, visit the role of an old Russian warrior or visit an ordinary hut. Then go to the exposition in the Cossack Yard, look at how the Russian family lived, go a little further and get into the museum of fairy tales and proverbs, here the heroes of epics and fairy tales will speak with you. Russian Park is a place where not a single visitor will get bored. Recently opened, the museum has gained fame throughout the city.

Smolensk-Kornilievskaya church

The church was built instead of the Borisoglebsky Monastery. The old monastery was erected at the beginning of the thirteenth century during the Tatar-Mongol yoke. The local governor Zhydislav died in battle, and the population, imbued with a feat for the hero, decided to build a large temple. The sixteenth century is the best time of the monastery, but the next hundred years became fatal: the Polish invasion of Russia left many bad prints. Borisoglebsky monastery was destroyed. A few years later, the monk Adrian began to rebuild the temple.

It was on the site of the Borisoglebsky monastery that the Smolensk-Kornilievsky temple was built. The religious monument got its name in honor of St. Cornelius. The great martyr went into the desert, wandered for a long time, but found refuge in the Smolensk Church. He made a vow of silence and took the schema.

Steam Engine Museum

The "railway road" is only twenty kilometers from the city. Previously, there was a large peat branch, later it was transformed into a museum. The exhibition area stretched for two kilometers. All exhibits are real either used before, or now existing. Everyone can ride a trolley for one hundred and fifty rubles. You can also look into the body of an old locomotive, having felt like a citizen of the twentieth century. The museum is constantly replenished: employees and superiors monitor new exhibits and make considerable efforts to get valuable copies in the museum. Most visitors are sure that it is better to go with a guide here, otherwise you can skip a lot of interesting things.

Monument to Alexander Nevsky

Monument to Alexander Nevsky

According to ancient legend, the great commander Alexander Nevsky was born in the territory of the Pereslavl Kremlin in 1220. It was this prince who instilled fear throughout Europe by defeating the Swedes in the Battle of the Ice. In addition to the monument, a memorial plaque hangs on the white-stone walls of St. Nicholas Cathedral.

Church of the Forty Martyrs

Church of the Forty Martyrs

The building dates from the early fourteenth century. The wooden temple was not intended for winter time: inside the furnace functioned poorly. The room was not heated, and people simply froze. A few centuries later, the Moscow Patriarchate and several wealthy merchants donated money for the reconstruction of a religious monument. The building was demolished, a new white stone structure was built instead. The church is located at Lake Pleshcheyev, behind the restored promenade. Local residents often sit on benches near the temple, because from there a beautiful and enchanting view of the vast lake opens.

Museum of Tricks and Tricks

Museum of Tricks and Tricks

A new word “life hack” has entered the modern vocabulary, which literally means “hack life.” It is not known to the current generation that ancestors loved to go on tricks in order to facilitate life and work on the field. The museum exposition will prove that in Russia there were still “left-handed people” who could find a way out of difficult situations. It is recommended to visit the exhibition also because guides will teach you some tricks. Try to drink from a mug for mustachioed men - what could be more interesting?

Chapel "Cross"

A small church is located next to the Moscow highway. The architecture of the construction of the tent type. A snow-white building was built at the birthplace of Fedor the Blessed. The future heir to the authorities was born near the Fedorov Monastery. His father, Ivan the Terrible, came to Pereslavl to hunt with his wife. The senior official’s wife was nine months pregnant. Anastasia Romanova did not wait for a trip to Moscow and gave birth to a child in the village of Sibilovo. The happy father ordered to establish a cross in the village and build a chapel. The monks were supposed to look after the symbol of happiness, but God's messengers did not keep track of the cross during the Polish intervention. The enemy destroyed the cross.

After a while, a chapel was built on this site. By the nineteenth century, the building had turned into junk. The architects successfully completed the reconstruction, and the building got the look that we can see now. Newlyweds from different parts of immense Russia come here to take pictures for memory at a religious monument. There is a belief among the people: if the newlyweds touch the chapel, then family life will be like honey, just as sweet and viscous as impossible.

Blue Stone

A ritual monument, after the rain becomes blue. It is three meters long, two and a half wide, and weighs about twelve tons. Consists of slate with impurities of quartz. Located near the shore of Lake Pleshcheeva. It is not known what sacraments were performed near the cultural object, but mythical properties are still observed today: they tried to bury the stone, but it "surfaced" to the surface.

Many tourists like to be near the Blue Stone and tear off a piece for memory. Some madmen come with huge axes and divide the object into parts. Unfortunately, to date, civilization has practically left no living place on the historical relic: the stone is replete with inscriptions in the spirit of "Vasya was here."

Alexandrova Gora

It was here that the city center was originally located. Archaeologists have thoroughly studied the hilly area: in the twentieth century, more than a hundred excavations were made. The curiosity of scientists has led to the fact that the landscape of the mountain is spoiled, instead of a beautiful hill, mankind received a pitted area. The height of the hill is thirty meters. The people of the mountain got the name Lysa and Yarilina bald patches.

Historical fact: Yuri Dolgoruky decided to transfer the center of urban life from the Alexander Mountain to the banks of the Trubezh River.

Museum of the birth of a fairy tale

The simplest and most obvious way to understand the culture of ancestors was folklore. Epics, tales and ditties were passed between generations on the principle of a broken phone. Despite the inaccuracies, the main characteristics have reached the modern person, the special mentality of the Russian person. Linguists are sure that the destiny of fairy tales was not only in the form of “sleeping pills” for the child, but that folk tales helped the fragile creature comprehend morality, learn about good and evil, and establish true values.

Museum of the birth of a fairy tale

Few know how fairy tales appeared? Why did they find great popularity, or what was the first epic? You can get answers to these and many other questions at the exhibition at the Museum of the Birth of a Tale.

On a large territory of the botanical garden, you can find any plant. In addition, here you can look at the bays and local ducks, walk along beautiful bridges and dark alleys, visit Russian carousels, enjoy the views of rare bushes, sit in a wooden arbor, while escaping from civilization. Each exhibit is signed, the plaques show a flowering state, a little more detailed is described about it. You can walk along the arboretum alone or with a friend, but it’s better to book an excursion. An experienced guide will help to understand the variety of trees and shrubs, as well as show unknown nooks and crannies of local residents.

For the meager cost of fifty rubles, you will have the opportunity to plunge into the wild. You should not miss a great chance. The botanical garden is beautiful at all times of the year. It would seem that nothing blooms in the winter, and there is absolutely nothing to do there, but employees are trying to come up with interactive evenings with fun fun.

Museum of Money

Not far from Botik Peter the Great is a red brick mansion. The money museum was opened six years ago and was liked by both locals and numerous tourists. After visiting the museum of dummies, you should cross the road, and you will find yourself in the world of a "rich" person. Alexey Altunin has been collecting a collection of coins, banknotes and valuable bonds of different eras for more than a decade. The entrepreneur has spent years of his life and now boasts, in a good sense of the word, numerous exhibits. Money of the ancient Greeks, coins of pre-Petrine Russia, revolutionary coinage or shares of Soviet factories - you can look at the treasure of world history for one hundred rubles. The ticket includes the cost of the excursion, which the owner will conduct for you. Altunin’s story will appeal to people of all ages.

Pereslavl-Zalessky is a small town included in the Golden Ring system. The sights of the city are striking in their scale and centuries-old history. It is impossible to run around all the important cultural monuments in one day. It took many people a few weeks. Tourists who come to Pereslavl once come back here to learn as much as possible about Great Russian history.

What to see

The temple is located in a very picturesque place - the mouth of the Trubezh River. In recent years, an embankment has been built around it, which very favorably emphasized the panorama and protected the foundation from blurring. The Forty-Holy Church stands out for its bright red walls and contrasting white trim. Its base is a high quadrangle with three floors of windows, covered with a four-gable roof with pediments and decorated with 5 cupolas - the central one and one on each pediment. A semicircular apse adjoins the building on the east side, and a refectory and three-tier bell tower with a high spire on the west side.

The temple serves as a landmark for fishermen and holidaymakers on Lake Pleshcheevo.

Inside the church is divided into two chapels - the main and the winter, the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. The fire of 1919 destroyed all murals of the 19th century, but in 2013-2016. the walls were again painted with plots telling about the events of the 3rd century and about the earthly life of Christ. Icons and parts of the relics of 40 Sebastian martyrs, saints Luke Voyno-Yasenetsky and Admiral Fedor Ushakov are considered shrines of the temple.

Photo and description

The Forty-Sacred Church, or the temple of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, is located at the mouth of the Trubezh River, on the banks of the picturesque Lake Pleshcheyev, in the Fishing Village. It was built on the donations of the Moscow merchants Shchelyagins in 1775, most likely on the site of the old wooden one, known from the 1600s. The temple was closed in the late 1930s. Used as workshops, maintained in order. In 1996, returned to believers.

The place where the temple is located is in itself very beautiful. A high church with baroque elements makes it original and unforgettable. Probably the best view of the temple opens from the opposite bank of the Trubezh, from the Right Embankment of the street.

The powerful foursome of the church is crowned with five domes. It is noteworthy that the small chapters are not located at the corners of the quadruple, as usual, but on small gables mounted on all four sides. This arrangement was usually used in wooden architecture, rather than stone.

The composition of the church is traditional - three-part axial. The building is represented by the main volume lined up with one large apse, refectory and a bell tower. The church has a warm chapel in the name of the Nativity of the Virgin.

The decorative design of the temple is original and intricate. All three chains of windows of the main quad are decorated with their own platbands, not like one another.

The high bell tower, crowned with a spire, was annexed in the 19th century. Its design is clearly different from the main volume. It is expressed in rusticated walls of the lower tier, half-columns and high arched openings of the upper tiers.

On the right bank of the Trubezh River, opposite the church of the Forty Martyrs of Sebastia, before the advent of Soviet power, there was the Vvedensky Church, which made up the first, a kind, couple.

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