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Sights of luxurious Nice

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Belland's tower - huge, pot-bellied - is perfectly visible from the Eta Uni embankment. It attracts tourists primarily by a viewing platform at an altitude of 92 meters: from here, the entire Bay of Angels is viewed. Even more interesting is the history of the structure - not militant, but sad.

The tower, from which they watched the sea, fraught with danger of attack on the city, has risen here since the 15th century. At first it was called the Tour de Mol, in the XVII century it was renamed Tours Saint-Elm (Saint Elm - the heavenly patron saint of sailors). March 29, 1537 from the tower showed the people a priceless relic - the Shroud of Turin. In 1705, when Louis XIV took the city by attack, his troops demolished the local fortifications to the ground. From the tower there was only the foundation. In 1824, the Klerissi family received permission to rebuild the building by setting up a hotel in it.

In April 1831, twenty-eight-year-old Hector Berlioz was in Nice. The bride changed the young composer, in a rage he sought to Paris - to kill the unfaithful. However, Nice made such an impression on him that he changed his mind about killing and stayed here, settling in the Klerissi hotel. In a letter to friends, Berlioz described “a delightful room overlooking the sea” and “a small open space in front of the tower”, where he lay, looked at the sea and counted fishing boats. In three weeks he wrote an overture to King Lear here. Then Berlioz recalled this time as the happiest in his life.

Thirteen years later, the composer returned here. And again it was happiness: Berlioz wandered along the coast, opened tiny bays, swam. And again he wrote an overture, which at first he even called the “Tower of Nice” (later renamed it “Corsair”). The attraction of these places was so great that in 1868, after a difficult winter for Berlioz in St. Petersburg, he again went to the Cote d'Azur - to enjoy peace and quiet, bask in the sun. But it was this trip that became fatal for him.

Going down a steep cliff in Monaco, Berlioz fell, terribly disfigured his face and lost a lot of blood. He went to be treated in Nice. Having barely settled in the hotel, went to his favorite terrace, but then again fell face down on the stones (it is assumed that the composer had a stroke). After eight days of bed rest, Berlioz managed to return to Paris, but was unable to recover and a little more than a year later he died.

The tower got its present name in the middle of the 19th century at the will of the next owner. Before World War II, they proposed creating the Berlioz Museum here, but the plan did not materialize. For forty years, the naval museum was located here. Now the Tour of Belland has been restored, you can climb it either on foot by stairs or by elevator. A memorial plaque on the observation deck recalls the presence of Hector Berlioz in Nice. There are powerful binoculars through which it is good to see the shining sea and sails. A century and a half ago, Berlioz's eyes looked at this horizon: waves were breaking in, and for the composer their endless noise merged with divine music that did not know death.

A bit about the city

Nice is located in the south-east of the country - tens of kilometers from Italy, in the region (province) of Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur. This is an important seaport, the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes department, the eponymous district and nine districts. The city is located at the Bay of Angels, from the north it is surrounded by a series of small hills.

The local climate is Mediterranean. Winter is warm, snowless, spring is windy, damp, summer is sultry, dry with occasional rainfall, and autumn is mild and not cold.. It rains here mainly from September to March. In general, the city has very comfortable weather for living and recreation.

Nice was founded by the ancient Greeks around the 4th century BC under the name Nicaea. As a resort, the city began to develop in the 19th century. This place gained popularity due to the Russian aristocracy, which not only rested here, but also lived regularly. Their descendants still speak Russian. Today, the community is inhabited by about 350,000 people.

The coast itself is famous for the incredible, azure color of the water. The city is interesting from the point of view of excursion tourism, there really is something to see here: sights of several eras and styles are concentrated in different areas. With a great desire, armed with a map, travelers will be able to fluently inspect the main memorable places in 1 day.

Sights

Beautiful Nice will be remembered not only by its magnificent beaches. This is a really interesting city, whose centuries-old history can be traced in a variety of attractions. In 1-3 days you can visit many popular tourist sites. Read more about the most interesting with photos and descriptions in our article.

Castle hill

It is located at an altitude of 92m above the ruins of an ancient castle, St. Mary's Cathedral and the Bellanda Tower. The old buildings are surrounded by a well-kept park, where many cafes are open..

  • Address: Montée Lesage. The visit is free.

Promenade des Anglais (Promenade des Anglais)

The most important promenade of the city. This is a very wide and beautiful street, the history of which dates back to the 19th century. It got its name due to the fact that its construction was carried out by the English commune "The Way of Rev. Lewis". The boulevard, which is about 6 km long, is built up with chic hotels and other interesting buildings.

Hotel Negresco (Hôtel Negresco)

Located on the Promenade des Anglais. The chic palace hotel, where the most eminent and honored guests traditionally stay, appeared in 1912. Named after its creator - Henri Negresco. The building in the neoclassical style is distinguished by its magnificent spring view: the elegant facade is complemented by a pink dome.

  • Address: 37 promenade des Anglais.

Place Massena (La Place Massena)

One of the most important and beautiful in the city. Built in 1850. In the north - rectangular, with traditional red Italian houses, in the south - semicircular. Cozy squares with fountains and sculptures adorn the west and east. Carnivals and festivities are often held here..

Garibaldi Square

In appearance it resembles piazza from Italy. The oldest in Nice. Built by A. Spinelli in 1773. It bears the name of D. Garibaldi - traveler and commander. There is a monument to the famous native of the city, the house of Jean-Baptiste Barla, the house of the Avigdor, the Museum of Natural History and the park. The most famous place here is Cafe de Turin, where guests are served the freshest seafood.

Rosetti Square (Place Rossetti)

Geographical center of Nice in the Old Town. Received the name of philanthropist Charles Rossetti de Châteauneuf. Here is the magnificent Cathedral of St. Repairs with an exhibition of Renaissance dense, fountain and funny red houses. Ice cream cafes and restaurants with open terraces are scattered around the perimeter. This is the most popular resort place, which every tourist must visit. In the evening, all buildings are beautifully illuminated.

Place Saint-François

It bears the name of Francis of Asis, a Catholic saint. It has important historical significance. It is located in the Old Town, on the site of the chapel, garden and Franciscan cemetery that were destroyed in the 19th century. Today you can see a picturesque fountain with dolphins, the town hall - the Communal Palace (now it is the House of Trade Unions), decorated with columns. Nice's most famous fish market is located here..

Palazzo Lascaris

Lascari-Vintimil Family Family Palace, built in the 17th century. Very elegant building, with luxurious interior decoration. Within the walls of the house there is an exhibition of musical instruments, tapestries, other interior items are exhibited, an old pharmacy is recreated.

  • Address: 15, rue Droite (Vieux-Nice).
  • The cost of visiting: about 10 euros, depending on the day of visit, type of excursion and number of people.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Sunday, 10: 00-18: 00.

Palais Massena

The chic palace is located on the Promenade des Anglais near Negresco. Elegant building in neoclassical Italian style built at the turn of the 19-20 centuries. Separated from the coast by a garden. Inside there is a historical library, a Museum of art and history, where you can see bright interior items, rare paintings and clocks by Josephine Bonaparte herself.

  • Address: 65 Rue de France, entrance to the territory with 35 Promenade des Anglais.
  • The visit is free.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, 10: 00-18: 00.

Palace of the Prefecture (Palais des ducs de Savoie)

The date of construction was not set, but the building already existed in the 16th century. Today, the lobby and the central staircase remain from the original building. It features a colorful appearance and elegant interior. Inside often host international meetings. One of the halls is occupied by an exhibition of works by the artist Jules Cheret. It is not always open for visiting tourists. The cost of visits and opening hours should be clarified in advance.

  • Address: Place Pierre Gautier.

Castle of Valros (Le Château et le Parc Valrose)

The building in the neo-Gothic style is located on the hill of Simez (Cimiez) - the oldest quarter of Nice. The construction was built in the 19th century especially for the Russian baron Paul von Derviz, who wrote the music for "The Evening Ring". The extravagant “Valley of Roses” today belongs to the university, therefore it is closed to visitors, however the castle is surrounded by a very picturesque park with sculptures, fountains and ponds where you can arrange a walk.

  • Address: 28 Avenue de Valrose.

Cathedral of St. Nicholas (Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe St-Nicolas)

One of the largest in Europe. It was erected at the beginning of the 20th century on the site of the house where Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich died. In appearance it is very similar to a traditional Russian church. Inside are the icons of the Romanov family, including the image of Nicholas the Pleasure, which was located near the dying Nikolai. The Cathedral is operational.

  • Address: Avenue Nicolas II.
  • The visit is free.
  • Opening hours: every day, 09: 00-18: 00.

Church of Notre Dame du Port (Immaculate Conception), (Eglise Notre Dame du Port)

It was built in the middle of the 19th century for 13 years. This is a port parish - a neoclassical shrine located right on the coast. Inside are paintings by Emmanuel Costa.

  • Address: 8 Place de l’Île de Beauté.
  • The visit is free.
  • Opening hours: every day, 10: 00-18: 00.

Basilique Notre-Dame (Basilique Notre-Dame de Nice)

The Roman Catholic Church in the neo-Gothic style, built in the mid-19th century on the model of the Cathedral in Angers. The largest temple in Nice, one of the brightest sights, regularly appearing in the photo of travelers. Concerts often take place inside.

  • Address: 37 bis avenue Jean Medecin.
  • The visit is free.
  • Opening hours: Monday-Friday, 09: 30-11: 30 and 16: 00-18: 00.

Museum of naive (primitive) art of A. Zhakovsky (Musée international d’art naïf Anatole Jakovsky)

Located in the castle of St. Helena, which is surrounded by a park. The first visitors saw the exhibition in 1982. The collection was assembled by art critic A. Zhakovsky: traveling through flea markets and countries, he formed a magnificent collection of works in the style of “ar brut”.

  • Address: Avenue de Fabron.
  • The cost of visiting: 6 euros.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, 10: 00-18: 00.

M. Chagall Museum (Musée national du message biblique Marc Chagall)

It began to operate in 1973. The artist’s works on biblical subjects are exhibited here.. Among the exhibits are more than 15 paintings, as well as other works and interior items created by the master himself. According to visitors, this is one of the most interesting museums in Nice.

  • Address: Avenue Docteur Ménard.
  • The cost of visiting: 8 euros.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, from November to April - 10: 00-17: 00, from May to October - 10: 00-18: 00.

A. Matisse Museum (Musée Matisse)

Opening date - 1963. It occupies a house in the Genoese style, once owned by the consul of Nice. The artist himself lived here until his death. The collection contains more than 700 creations and personal items of Henri Matisse.

  • Address: 164 Avenue des Arènes de Cimiez.
  • The cost of visiting: 10 euros.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, 10: 00-18: 00.

Archaeological Museum (Musée archéologique de Cimiez)

It is located on the hill of Simez (Cimiez), on the site of the ancient Roman city of Cemenelum. He began his work in 1989. Here you can see the ruins of the settlement and valuable items discovered during excavations..

  • Address: 60 Avenue des Arènes de Cimiez.
  • The visit is free.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, 10: 00-18: 00.

Paleontological Museum Terra Amata (Musée de paléontologie humaine de Terra-Amata)

Dedicated to the life of ancient people. Here an extensive collection of household items, tools, weapons and other archaeological finds of different periods is collected.

  • Address: 25 boulevard Carnot.
  • The cost of visiting: 10 euros.
  • Opening hours: Wednesday-Monday, 10: 00-18: 00.

Fort Mont Alban

Located in the vicinity of the city. An ancient 16th-century defensive structure erected near the port of Villefranche. It is located on a hill 200 meters high, the height of the fort itself is 15 meters. The walls rise above sea level - it offers an excellent panorama of Nice. A powerful fortification was built to protect against the Turks. The visit is free, you can get here on your own, and along with a guided tour.

What to visit with children?

You can safely go to Nice with any company, including with children. Where to go with little travelers:

  • Luna Park Indoor. A chic entertainment complex for children and adults. On the territory there are 130 attractions! Address: Esplanade du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny. The cost of entertainment: for children - from 2 euros, for adults - from 4 euros. Opening hours: every day, from 14: 00-23: 00, on Saturdays until 01:00.
  • Park Phoenix (Phoenix Parc Floral de Nice). Visitors to the park will see a wide variety of fauna representatives - from kangaroos to iguanas. A singing and dancing fountain, more than 2000 bright plants, a greenhouse - this is what awaits the guests of the recreation area. Address: 405 Promenade des Anglais. The cost of visiting: from 12 years old - 3 euros. Opening hours: every day, from October to April - 09: 30-18: 00, from April to September - 09: 30-19: 30.
  • Park Carol de Roumanie. An extensive recreation area where you can ride bicycles, scooters, roller skates, visit the children's water city, a playground for kids or just spend leisure time outdoors. Address: 23 avenue de Fabron. The visit is free. Opening hours: around the clock.
  • Confectionery Florian (Confisierie Florian). It serves a variety of desserts and sweets - jams, candies, chocolate. Visitors will see the production process with their own eyes and learn some of its secrets. There is a shop at the factory. Address: Quai Papacino. The visit is free. Opening hours: every day, 09: 00-12: 00 and 14: 00-18: 30.

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