Picturesque and cozy Dortmund is the birthplace of the legendary Borussia football club and ancient brewing traditions. In addition to these well-known facts, the city boasts a considerable number of historical attractions: castles, cathedrals, unusual museums. Half of Dortmund's territory is occupied by parks and landscape gardens, making the city one of the greenest in all of Germany.
Dortmund experienced two heyday - in the XIV and in the XIX centuries. In the Middle Ages, neighboring princes often envied the wealth and glory of local rulers, so the city often became the target of military raids and feuds. Despite the fact that Dortmund is one of the centers of German industry, there is quite clean air and excellent environmental conditions.
What to see and where to go in Dortmund?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Old Town Hall
The city hall of Dortmund was built relatively recently by historical standards - at the end of the XIX century. This is a picturesque five-story building in the neo-Renaissance style. The very first town hall appeared in the city six centuries ago, but it has not survived to this day. When decorating the Old Town Hall, the architectural elements of the historic building were used. After World War II, the town hall was rebuilt after severe destruction.
2. Eagle Tower
One of the towers of the city wall of Dortmund, restored in 1992 in a historical form. The new building was erected on the foundation of the XIII-XIV centuries. To avoid destruction, the base of the tower was reinforced with piles. Inside the Eagle Tower, there is a city museum where you can look at collections of medieval armor and weapons, interesting archaeological finds and a model of the old city.
3. Church of St. Rinald
Temple dedicated to Saint Rinald - the patron saint of Dortmund. The church is an urban symbol and is often depicted on souvenirs. At the top of the 104-meter bell tower there is a weather vane in the form of an eagle (this bird is considered a symbol of Dortmund). The history of the church of St. Rinald began in the IX century, since then the building has survived several destruction and fires. The construction of the end of the 13th century has survived to this day.
4. St. Peter's Church
Medieval temple, founded at the beginning of the XIV century. The location was chosen on the Hellweg Road, the main route of the entire region. As it often happened in those days, the construction dragged on for several centuries. The church steeple was established only in the middle of the 18th century. The main property of the church is a unique altar, known as the "golden miracle of Westphalia." It depicts religious scenes from the gospel.
5. Mine-Museum "Workshop Zollern"
Industrial monument of the beginning of the XX century. Until 1960, the building served as the administrative office of a coal mine. The construction resembles a picturesque Gothic castle made of red brick, inside there is an impressive Machine Room, where mining equipment is exhibited at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. The mine building along with the Colony Landver settlement is part of the Industrial Heritage tourist route.
6. Brauerei-Museum Dortmund Brewery Museum
Dortmund is famous throughout Germany as the city where the most beer is produced. There is even a beer museum. It is located in the hall of one of the city's breweries. In the museum you can find out the fascinating history of brewing in Dortumnd and look at rare equipment: machine tools, steam engines, containers. Visitors will also be interested to see a collection of old clay mugs and beer bottles.
7. Coke plant "Hansa"
An industrial attraction, the legacy of the industrial heyday of Dortmund in the first half of the 20th century. Now the plant is a historical monument and is included in the popular tourist route. In the territory of the former production, visitors will see equipment for the extraction and processing of coal, and will also be able to observe the coking process of this mineral.
8. Museum of German Football
To design the museum building, a competition was held among the best architects in Europe. As a result, the design studio “HPP Architects” won. The Football Museum is a modern interactive exhibition that conveys the lively emotions of fans and players inside a football match. Each visitor will be able to feel like a participant in the game and survive the whole range of sensations thanks to modern technology.
9. Cultural center "Dortmund U-Tower"
Art space and cultural center located in the former brewery building. The factory tower was built in 1926 and at that time it was the highest building in Dortmund. After the closure of production in 1994, all industrial buildings were demolished, and the tower was turned into a cultural center. Works of contemporary art of the XX-XXI centuries are exhibited here and innovative educational programs are developed.
10. Delvig House
XIII century castle, former possessions of the noble knight Herman von Delvig and his descendants. Due to numerous reconstructions and reconstructions over several centuries, a mixture of architectural styles is observed in the appearance of the building. After the von Delvig clan was broken, the castle passed into municipal ownership. The city authorities rent it out, so it’s impossible to enter the territory with a guided tour.
City radio and television tower, reaching a height of 211.4 meters. Inside there is a viewing platform for tourists and a restaurant. The tower was erected in the middle of the XX century and at that time it was the highest in all of Germany. In the early 2000s. the tower housed bungee jumping infrastructure, but jumping was forbidden after a cable break and human death. Floriantum is owned by a German telecommunications company.
12. Signal of Iduna Park
The largest stadium in Germany, according to the FIFA classification, is recognized as one of the best football fields in the world. Signal Iduna Park is the home arena for the team of the famous Borussia football club. The south stand of the stadium with standing seats holds up to 25 thousand people. During the matches, it is filled to capacity with fans. The total capacity of the stadium is more than 80 thousand people.
13. Dortmund Zoo
The city zoo is a popular place for family leisure. On weekends, it is always crowded and fun, as locals love to bring their children here. The zoo is home to 230 species of animals (1,500 individuals). A separate park has a bird park where parrots, peacocks, pheasants, and owls live. Some inhabitants of the zoo can be fed under the supervision of employees.
14. Romberg Park
Dortmund Botanical Garden, occupying 65 hectares of area (one of the largest in the world). The garden appeared in the city at the beginning of the XIX century due to the efforts of the family of the musician Romenberg. Cacti, palm trees, ferns, medicinal and exotic shrubs grow in park greenhouses. In total, about 4.5 thousand flora representatives grow in the Dortmund Botanical Garden.
A park with a large rose garden on its territory. It grows more than 3 thousand species of roses. Here are collected samples of this beautiful flower from around the world - exotic, ancient and recently bred varieties. The territory of Westfalenpark is divided into zones: a medieval rose garden, an Art Nouveau garden, an antique garden, a city rose garden, German roses and so on. Park staff conduct scientific research to identify unknown species of roses.
Where to stay in Dortmund for sightseeing
We recommend these convenient hotels in Dortmund with easy access to the city center attractions:
- Novum Hotel Unique Dortmund Hauptbahnhof: 4-star hotel, convenient location, marble lobby, grand staircase, comfortable rooms.
Dortmund - Main Attractions
A map of Dortmund abounds in places attractive to tourists. You can start the inspection from the very “heart of the city” - the center includes most of the memorable places, many shops, and the market square. From here, it will be convenient for you to get to any point in the city and its environs.
Church of St. Mary
Dortmund is rich in religious buildings that can tell a lot about the history of ancient Europe. It:
- St. Mary's Church (construction completed in 1185),
- St. Peter's Church (it began to be built in the XIV century, collecting signs of different eras and styles over the centuries of construction),
- Church of St. Boniface (built at the beginning of the last century according to the canons of the Neo-Romanesque style).
Sights were not spared - monuments were destroyed to the ground. But Dortmund was rebuilt, and traces of the past can be seen in it to this day. So, you should see the Eagle Tower: its former appearance was returned to it in 1992, reconstructing the building on the foundation that has been preserved from the XIV century. Now there is a museum, the pride of which is the collection of medieval weapons collected from all over the country: armor and shields, swords and halberds. It is easy to imagine the former Dortmund, having examined the model of the ancient city.
Part of the old town is the Delvig House. In the XIII century. it belonged to the knight German von Delvig and his heirs. The castle was rebuilt many times, and in its appearance - features of different styles. Unfortunately, you will be allowed to inspect it only from the outside: Dortmund rents out former knightly possessions.
Among the city’s industrial monuments is the Zöllern Workshop: this mine-museum resembles a red-brick Gothic castle, inside of which there is a machine room with samples of mining equipment from past centuries. The exposition opened in 1960 and entered the map of the “Industrial Heritage” - a special route for tourists. Another part of this route is the Hansa plant: here you can see how coal is coked.
Dortmund is also attractive for art lovers. You should definitely visit the Dortmund U-Tower. A kind of cultural center fit in the factory tower built in 1926 of the former large brewery. In 1994 it was closed, the extra buildings were demolished, and the art space was arranged in the tower. Now you can see the works of art of modern times (the prices for this pleasure are very reasonable). And beer, of which Dortmund is famous, will be offered to you in other places!
The site contains Dortmund attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Dortmund, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Dortmund.
The RWE Tower is a skyscraper that has many offices. It is the headquarters of RWE Vertrieb AG Corporation. The company has about 700 employees. The tower is located in the city of Dortmund, Germany. The building is located on the central avenue Platz von Amiens. The height of the tower is 91 meters, the number of floors in it is 22. Construction began in 2003, and the opening took place in August 2005.
The architectural solutions and design of the Tower deserve special attention. The layout of this amazing building is made in the form of a unique biconvex lens that resembles the eye. The RWE Tower is one of Dortmund's tallest buildings and, of course, it plays a very important role in decorating the city's business center. Only the Florianturm television tower is superior in height to the RWE tower.
Construction cost about 50 million euros. The front part of the building is faced with slabs of anthracite Chinese granite. On the top floor of the building, under a glass roof, a buffet is comfortably located, from whose windows you can enjoy views of the city.
Dortmund Peace Square
Peace Square is the central square of Dortmund, Germany. The square itself and all the buildings located nearby are painted in red and white. The square is the administrative center of the city; it houses the Dortmund Town Hall, the city council, and the press building, built of red sandstone.
The town garden adjoins the square. In the center of the Square, a 10-meter-high post was installed on which the word "peace" is written in various languages of the world. Performed by the sculptor Suzanne Veland, the pillar was called the “Peace Column”. Peace Square is the venue for political demonstrations and celebrations. At the same time, from 15 to 20 thousand people can be present on the square.
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Dortmund Airport is one of the largest regional airports in Germany, located ten kilometers east of downtown Dortmund. During the year, the airport serves about one and a half million passengers and transports more than 7 thousand tons of cargo.
Dortmund is a very old airport that has existed since the First World War. The airport has a rich history - the largest German zeppelins departed from here, and in 1933 Adolf Hitler hosted a military parade in Dortmund. During World War II, the airport was completely destroyed by bombing and stood in ruins for a long time. In the end, the German authorities decided not to rebuild the airport, but instead built a completely new, modern one.
Today, Dortmund Airport is an important transport hub in Germany, specializing in serving tourists and regional cargo transportation. The airport meets all modern quality standards and has been operating with true German clarity for many years.
In photo mode, you can view the places of interest in Dortmund only from photographs.
Dortmund Station was founded in May 1847. At this time, a railway station was opened here, connecting Cologne with Minden. Then the building resembled its appearance a majestic castle, which occupied a large territory in the north of Dortmund. For about 60 years it served as a station, after which there was a reconstruction of its building.
The new station was not inferior in size to the previous one and even became one of the largest stations in the then Germany. The unique architectural project, which was based on a red tiled roof, could possibly serve even today if the building had not been completely destroyed during the bombing during the Second World War.
It was possible to reconstruct the station only in 1952, and in its place a new architectural project appeared in a simple urban style. At first glance, the building of a transport facility may seem compact and even small. In fact, an entire city is equipped underground here with two directions - north and south. A large number of exits to the platforms and additional administrative premises have been built here, which makes the movement of passengers convenient and quick.
Dortmund Old Town Hall
The old town hall of Dortmund (German Altes Stadthaus) is located on the square of Peace Square (German Friedensplatz). The beautifully decorated Neo-Renaissance building was built in 1899 by the architect Friedrich Kullrich. The city coat of arms is installed on the pediment of the building.On the coat of arms depicts an eagle - a symbol of the free Imperial city. The walls of the Town Hall are decorated with the arms of the Hanseatic cities.
During the Second World War, the building was badly damaged by the bombing of Allied aircraft. After the war, the Old Town Hall was restored in a simplified form, but about
Mine-Museum "Workshop Zollern"
Mine-Museum "Workshop Zollern" - a unique industrial monument, built at the beginning of the XX century. The Gothic castle with Byzantine domes is the main monument of industrial culture of international importance. The DASA international exhibition is annually held here, the exhibits of which are dedicated to the Federal Agency for Labor Protection and Occupational Medicine.
For 50 years, coal was mined in the Zöllern mine. Despite the fact that today the mine is an exclusively historical national monument, each visitor can see the mining process, as well as get acquainted with the mining life. A fascinating journey by rail, descent to the mine, the mining museum, as well as the engine room are open to visitors from 10.00 to 18.00 daily, except Monday.
Möneseee Reservoir is a large artificial lake located in Germany, 45 kilometers from Dortmund. This reservoir is of great economic importance, and in summer it is also a popular holiday destination.
Möneseee reservoir has an area of more than 10 square kilometers, and the total amount of water held here is 135 million cubic meters. The reservoir was created between 1908 and 1913 - it was then that a dam was built to control the water level. A hydroelectric power station is operating at the dam, generating electricity for the needs of the region.
Möneseee reservoir was notorious during the Second World War - in 1943 the dam was partially destroyed by the British Air Force, and as a result of the flood a huge number of people died. Today, nothing reminds of the past tragedy, and the Möneseee reservoir attracts bathers from all surrounding villages and cities.
Museum of Steel
The Steel Museum (German Hoesch-Museum) was opened thanks to the efforts of former employees of the Hash steel mill, the Museum of Art and Culture and generous donations from sponsors. The museum’s exposition with vibrant interactive exhibits is located in the building of the former headquarters of the plant on ul. Eberhard 12 (German: Eberhardstr 12). The museum talks about the 160-year period of the steel industry.
Phoenix See Lake
Once upon a time on the territory of a prestigious and well-maintained micro-district on the shores of the artificial lake Phoenix See (German Phoenix-See) there were metallurgical plants, including Phoenix AG with blast furnaces, a rolling mill, etc. In 1906, this enterprise merged with the mining and metallurgical concern Herder. As a result, a joint-stock company appeared, which became known as "Phoenix West."
In the 60s of the last century, the first signs of a crisis in the metallurgical industry appeared, which intensified by the beginning of the 90s. Trying to survive, Phoenix West merged with the Hash concern, which subsequently swallowed Tussen Krupp. But the crisis was not overcome in 2001 either. steelmaking in Dortmund ceased, and the plants were transferred to China.
But Dortmund did not forget its prosperous industrial past and the city authorities decided to rehabilitate the abandoned industrial zone. They decided to revive this area to life in a new quality. As the legendary bird Phoenix, burning, reborn from the ashes, so this urban area was supposed to be reborn to a new life. The name "Phoenix" for the Dortmuds is not only a symbol of rebirth, but the historical memory of his famous enterprise "Phoenix West"
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