If you could combine the American Wild West with Amsterdam, you would get Paramaribo. Paramaribo is the capital and largest city of Suriname, it is located on the banks of the Suriname River. Paramaribo is a city with a population of approximately 240,000 people, which is half the country's population. The city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The city was founded by the British in 1630 as a trading post. Paramaribo has one of the oldest synagogues in the Americas. It was built in 1685 near the Suriname River.
Paramaribo is a unique example of the contact between European culture and the culture of indigenous peoples and the environment of South America during the years of intensive colonization of this region in the 16th and 17th centuries.
7. Brownsberg National Park
Brownsburg National Park is Suriname's first and only national park. It is located at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level and was founded in 1969. The park is located at the foot of Mount Brownsburg. From the top of the mountain offers excellent views of Lake Brokopondo. Many endemic plant species grow in the park and many birds and various wild animals live.
Founded in the 18th century as a sugarcane plantation, Marienburg currently has a sugarcane processing factory and is primarily a tourist attraction. The first railway in Suriname was built here to deliver sugarcane to the coast, and you can still buy a train ticket to get there. This is a good way to see the country and take a fun day trip from the capital of Suriname.
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The Kommenviin region, located on the right bank of the Suriname River, is also replete with old mansions and plantations. The most famous plantations are Meersorg, Peperpot, Frederiksdorp, Alliance and Marienburg, which played an important role in the country's economy during its heyday. Many of them are still inhabited and are popular centers of ecotourism and starting points for visiting forest areas. The picturesque fishing villages of Pomona, Joanna Margaret, or just Margrit, Rust en Verck and Bakki, or Rainsdorf are also good. Here you can observe the life of local residents or take a ride along the coast of the Matapika region, which is the most important place for breeding sea turtles. A little to the west lies the town of Braamspunt with its old fortress Butterridge-Byams-Point (XVIII century) and its later bastion, Butterridge-Braamspunt. And the capital of the region - the city of Nyiv-Amsterdam is known for its vast old fort (1743-1758), on the territory of which is now located an open-air museum.
Upper Maroveyne and Tapanahoni
The colorful region along the Marovejne (Maroni) River and its tributaries Lava and Tapanahoni is considered one of the best places to study the country's original culture. These areas are inhabited by the Paramakkaner (Paramakkan) tribes - the descendants of runaway slaves of almost all ethnic groups in Africa, so the local culture is a fantastic alloy of all kinds of traditions of the Black Continent. The most picturesque settlements of this region are considered a small town. Albina on the border with the French Guiana River Maroveyne and Langatabetier, or Langatabiki ("long river island"), where the tribal leader paramakkaner - "granman" lives. Also worth visiting are the village of Stelmansieliel, near which Lava and Tapanahoni merge in Marovejn (downstream there is a cascade of picturesque rapids), the village of Dryetabyete - the residence of the “granman” of the Aukan tribes - and the gold mines of Benzdorp on the Lava River.
And with the permission of the local administration, you can visit the nearby reserve Galibi (only accessible by boat), where thousands of green sea turtles lay their eggs in June and July. This is one of the few places in the world where this process can be observed under natural conditions, and, importantly, thanks to the skill of local guides, such excursions do not bring any inconvenience to the turtles themselves. There is practically no leisure infrastructure in this region, but it’s completely natural to hang a hammock directly in a village park or rent a bed in a private house, so for those who love eco-tourism this is one of the best places in South America.
The capital of the Nikkeri area, an important port and the second largest city of Suriname, Nyiv-Nikkeri is located on the south bank of the river of the same name, almost opposite the Guyanese city of New Amsterdam. The city is widely known for its "relocations" - twice in its history, in 1870 and 1879, it was transferred almost entirely to a new place, since the lands were quickly destroyed by rapid erosion. Therefore, today it is protected from the sea and the mouth of the river by a powerful wall. Upstream the Nikkeri are the well-known Blanche Mary waterfalls, where regular river tours are arranged, during which you can get acquainted with local tribes, go fishing (and here, according to many tourists, she is notable) or take a simple tour under the canopy of the rain forest.
And in the upper reaches of the Korantein River (Guranteine) bordering Guyana, near the border with Brazil, lies the region Sipalivini. The Native American tribes of the trio, Wayana and Akurio that inhabit this region have only recently come into contact with the outside world. Usually only inveterate extremes get here, but the difficulties of the way are abundantly compensated by the picturesque waterfalls Wonotobo, Kau and Itabra on Koranteyn and the Tiger rapids, teeming with life on the wooded slopes of the Wilhelmina Mountains with the Tafelberg Nature Reserve, as well as the picturesque local villages of Palumeu, Pelelutepamu and Keluteputu and Kelutepamu populated by the most archaic tribes of the region.
A quarantine island is a small island located on the Maroni River in the border quarantine zone near the mouth of the river. To the east of it along the river runs the border between the states of Suriname and French Guiana. To the south of the Quarantine Island at a distance of about 800 meters is the largest island on the Maroni River Portal.
The quarantine island is deserted and all covered with dense rainforest. Its length is 2.2 kilometers and a width of 950 meters. The town of Albina is located 1.5 kilometers north of the island.
The Long Island is an island on the Corantein River, located directly on the border with Guyana. At this point, the border between the two states runs along the river along the west coast of the island.
The long island is uninhabited and covered with tropical vegetation. It has an elongated shape. The northern part of the island is wider and the southern is narrower. The island is eight kilometers long and about 2.3 kilometers wide in its northern part. North of the Long Island is the island of Wassen. A ferry service runs between the two islands between Suriname and Guyana.
Embassy of India
The Embassy of India is the diplomatic mission of the Republic of India in Suriname. It is located in the central part of Paramaribo, approximately one kilometer northwest of the US Embassy.
The activities of the embassy are aimed at strengthening friendly relations, economic and cultural ties between India and Suriname. Ms. M. Subashini is currently the Ambassador of the Republic of India to Suriname.
Building Dr. Ir. Frank essed
Building Dr. Ir. Frank Essed is the building of the Ministry of Planning and Development of Suriname, named after the famous politician and economist Dr. Franklin Edgar Essed, who headed it for many years. It is located in the central area of Paramaribo across the road from the US Embassy in Suriname.
In memory of the merits of Franklin Edgar Essed in front of the Surinamese people, a small bust of the former minister was installed near the Ministry building.
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul is the main cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church in Suriname, located in the center of Paramaribo and is the tallest wooden structure in the Western Hemisphere. The cathedral was built in 1885 from the unpainted Surinamese cedar, but its towers were not completed until 1901.
The cathedral has a length of about 60 meters. The height of the main hall is 14.6 meters. The height of the towers to the bronze cross is 44 meters. The western tower serves as a bell tower - it has three bells. The cathedral is designed for 900 parishioners. The interior of the main hall is decorated with carvings and bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the life of Jesus Christ.
For a long time, the church fell into decay, but in 2007 the European Union allocated money for its restoration and on November 13, 2010 the cathedral was reopened for parishioners and tourists.
Alegria Restaurant is an international restaurant located in the capital of Suriname Paramaribo.
The institution is located in the central part of the city on Kaiserstraat street, next to the Kaiserstraat mosque and the only synagogue in Ashkenazi community of Ashkenazi Neve Shalom, as well as many other shops, restaurants and cafes. Here you will see a small menu, large portions and cheap prices. The establishment recommends trying seafood and wine. This is a good place if you want to save money or stop by and have a quick bite to eat.
Paramaribo Embankment - the embankment along Waterside Street, located in the central part of Paramaribo.
In the eastern part of the embankment, where Independence Square ends and Waterside Street begins, there is the National Assembly - the parliament of Suriname. On the opposite side is the Central Market, divided into meat, fish, fruit and vegetable departments on the first floor and something like a bazaar with clothes on the second floor. Along the promenade there are many cafes, restaurants, a bank, a park. This is one of the popular tourist sites.
City of Albina
Albina is a city located in the eastern part of Suriname. The city is located on the Maroni River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Opposite Albina is a commune in French Guiana Saint Laurent du Maroni.
Most tourists come here to see turtles that come from all over the world (including Costa Rica and Australia) to lay their eggs. Unfortunately, poachers collect these eggs in order to sell them on the market afterwards. This area was badly damaged during the Maron uprisings in the second half of the 1980s.
The sunken ship "Goslar"
Goslar is a former German ship located in the middle of the Suriname River near the historic city center.
During the Second World War, when the Nazis entered the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, this meant that Suriname was also at war. Local police forces came to the ship to the Germans and gave them half an hour to collect personal belongings. The crew team spent this time flooding the ship. The skeleton of the ship was never cleaned and it can still be seen from the shore.
Keyserratrat Mosque is a mosque located in the capital of Suriname Paramaribo.
The religious building is the headquarters of the Muslim Ahmadite movement Lahore Ahmadiya. The first wooden mosque with four minarets was built here in 1932. The modern building was completed in 1984. Keyserstraat is located next to the only synagogue in Suriname of the Ashkenazi community Neve Shalom, built in the XVIII century. This is a very popular place among tourists and locals.
1. Paramaribo city (historical center)
Paramaribo is the capital and largest city of Suriname. Its historical center took five centuries to form. In 2002, it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Almost all the buildings in the area are wooden. Mostly they are built in the Dutch colonial style. In the historical center there are many beautiful mosques and churches, there is a synagogue.
2. Government building
This is the residence of the president and government of Suriname. It was built in the XVII century, and acquired its present form in 1730. This is the most striking example of Dutch colonial architecture in Suriname. The residence is located on Independence Square, along with other government agencies. The government building is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Fort Nyiv-Amsterdam
On the banks of the Suriname River, 11 kilometers from the capital, is Nyiv-Amsterdam. This is a small town famous for its fort. This is a pentagonal fortress, which was built in the XVIII century. During the Second World War, the Americans strengthened it and installed the guns that are still standing there. Tours are held in the fortress; this is an open-air museum.
4. Brokopondo Reservoir
In Suriname, near the town of Brocopondo, one of the largest reservoirs in the world is located. Its area is 1560 km². The construction of the dam was started in 1961, and ended in 1964. Its height is 54 meters. Filling the dam once led to the flooding of several villages and the relocation of 5 thousand inhabitants. Today, it supplies energy to many factories and the capital of the country.
5. Fort Zealand
This is a fortress-museum in Paramaribo, which was built at the beginning of the XVII century. She was supposed to defend the trading settlement of Paramaribo. During the existence of the fortress, it was captured many times. But after the construction of Fort Niw-Amsterdam, the relevance of the fortress disappeared. Three of its bastions were dismantled, a barracks was made of the fort, and then a prison. Today it is a museum.
6. Central Reserve of Suriname
Very popular among tourists enjoys the central reserve of Suriname. Its area is 16 thousand km². It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. On the territory of the reserve you can see a giant armadilla, tapir, jaguar. There are also more than 400 species of birds. Some of them are very rare.
8. Galibi Nature Reserve
The reserve is located along the Marovejne River. Its area is 4 thousand hectares. The reserve consists of swamps, lagoons, forests. They are home to many birds and animals. The most famous inhabitants are turtles. Thousands of animals live in the reserve. Among them are even rare Biss turtles. You can watch them in the natural environment, and the reserve itself is very important for preserving the population of some turtles.
10. Arya Dewaker Temple
It is the largest Hindu temple in Suriname. The official opening took place on February 11, 2001. The building has an octagonal shape, so it seems that it is round. This refers to the round shape of the sun, moon and earth. Three towers symbolize the magnitude of which the universe consists: God, man and nature. Near the temple are a school and a shelter.
12. Waterfall Marie Blanche (Blanche Marie Falls)
The waterfall is located on the Nikkeri River, about 300 km from Paramaribo. This area is known for its beautiful flora and fauna. During the trip you can meet a large number of monkeys and birds. In this part of the jungle lives 8 different species of primates and up to 200 species of birds. Marie Blanche Falls is the real treasure and pride of Suriname.
Who and why should go to Suriname
Fusion of European and South American architecture will impress people inspired by the stony beauty in stone. Churches and temples have a special energy, close to people with a special philosophy of perception of the world. Moreover, here Christian, Muslim and Hindu religious buildings peacefully coexist.
Those interested in distant history will be fascinated by ancient forts and ancient settlements of Suriname.
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul
This Catholic church was erected in 1885.made of iron wood, which was then sheathed with cedar to give the facade a neat appearance. In those days, there were no brick factories in the country, but tropical forests provided an unlimited amount of building material.
The inhabitants of Paramaribo took advantage of such a generous offer and built the largest wooden temple in South America. Two side towers 44 m high each finally approved the status of the cathedral as the largest on the mainland.
The interior is impressive. Capitals and columns of red-brown cedar are covered with filigree carvings. The high ceiling with massive chandeliers seems to rush up to God. The cathedral has a functioning body.
White Beach on the Suriname River
Suriname has many beaches, but not all of them can boast of developed infrastructure. The bottom topography, as well as ocean currents form waves that surfers will rather like than lazy bathers. For this reason, local authorities decided to develop river tourism.
So on the Surin River appeared a beach with white sand, about 500 m long. Umbrellas and sun loungers are along the coastline, cafes, bars and restaurants are working. Metal nets are installed in the water. They form a reliable barrier to crocodiles and piranhas, so swimming on the beach is absolutely safe.
Want to take a bird's eye view of the tropical jungle? To do this, climb the 700-meter Mount Kashikashima. It offers views of the endless green forests dissolving in the blue of the sky.
There are several climbing routes of varying degrees of difficulty - for climbers and ordinary travelers. During the walk you can get acquainted with the rich flora and fauna of Kashikashima.
In the XVI century. Spain began persecution of Jews. Fleeing the Inquisition, many families sailed with the merchant ships to Suriname. There, south of Paramaribo, one of the first Jewish communities in South America appeared. At the beginning of the XIX century there was a devastating fire, and people were again forced to leave their homes, not subject to restoration. Today, only a cemetery and the ruins of synagogues remain at the site of the settlement.
S.A.B. - The largest alcohol producer in Suriname. The main place in the product line is occupied by Black Cat rum, which is served in all bars and restaurants of the country. Tourists are invited to the S.A.B. familiarize yourself with the hop-assortment.
Most of the exposition is dedicated to the famous rum. These are bottles of various shapes, advertising posters, photographs and interesting documents. The tour ends in the tasting room. Liked drinks can be purchased at the museum's outlet store.
Historic Center of Paramaribo
The architecture of the capital of Suriname is a mix of Dutch classics and South American flavor. You can enjoy its unique style in the old part of Paramaribo. Three-story white buildings, neat balconies and wooden verandas seem to carry the traveler to bygone days. A walk along the quiet streets promises to be enjoyable, and the photo - exciting.
Paramaribo Central Market
The best way to experience the local flavor and gain new experiences is to go to the bazaar. The main market of Paramaribo presents a rich variety of local fruits, vegetables, fish and seafood.
Ready meals are also sold here - by the way, a real test for hardened stomachs. The most interesting thing is that trade is carried out not only from stationary trays on the ground, but also from boats scurrying along the river.