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Blue cave

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Vis (Croatian Vis, Lissa (Italian. Lissa, Vis Greek Βις) - an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the southern part of Croatia, near the Dalmatian coast. The island of the same name Vis is located on the island.

Story

The area of ​​the island is 90.26 km², the population is 3617 people (2001). The highest point of the island is the city of Hum (587 m), the coastline is 76.6 km. It is separated from the island of Hvar by the Visa Canal. The minimum distance to the nearest island of Bishevo is about 4.2 km. The island of Vis is the most remote from the mainland among the inhabited islands of the Adriatic.

The largest settlements are the cities of Vis (1960, 2001 census) on the east coast of the island and Komiza (1677, 2001 census) on the west. Vis has a ferry terminal connecting the island with the island of Hvar and the mainland city of Split.

The population is engaged in tourist services, fishing, viticulture.

Story

The history of the island of Vis, like other Dalmatian islands, is very ancient. It was here on the site of the modern city of Vis in the IV century BC. e. the first Greek colony on the Adriatic was founded - Issa. From here, the Greek colonizers began to settle on other islands and on the mainland coast.

In the III century BC. e. Vis, together with all of Illyria, came under the control of Rome. In the VIII century, the island, as well as the rest of the Dalmatian coast, came the Slavs, who mixed with the Greco-Roman population of the island.

In the Middle Ages, the island was mainly under the control of Venice, although it periodically lost power over Vis, as well as over other Dalmatian islands. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, the island of Vis, along with the Dalmatian coast, moved to Austria.

In the 19th century, two major naval battles took place near the island, both went down in history as the “Battle of Liss.”

  • The Battle of Liss (1811). On March 13, 1811, the English fleet, commanded by Captain William Host, defeated the superior Franco-Venetian fleet.
  • The battle of Liss. July 20, 1866Austrian fleet under the command of Tegethoff defeated the Italian fleet under the command of Persano.

In the central part of the island there is the so-called “Tito Cave”, in which Josip Broz Tito organized resistance against the German occupation in 1944. In June 1944, the Visa Agreement was concluded here on the unification of monarchists and communists in the struggle against the German occupiers, known as the "Tito - Shubasic Agreement".

In the post-war period, a secret naval base was built on the island, after which foreigners were forbidden to visit it. The ban was lifted only in 1989, a year before the collapse of Yugoslavia, after which the island became part of independent Croatia.

Photo and description

Not far from Vis Island is a small piece of land called Bishevo. Every day, dozens of tourist ships depart from the main port of Vis Island, Komizi, to the Bishevo Marina. Above the marina there is a small village and two interesting grottoes. But most of the guests come to the island of Bishevo for another attraction - the Blue Cave. It is located in the east of the islet.

Bishevskaya Blue Cave is one of the most famous natural tourist sites of the Adriatic Sea. Its popularity is explained by the following: for several hours a day, the cave, completely filled with water, is illuminated by an unusual blue light. Sunlight enters the cave through a natural entrance located in the southern part of the cave under water. You can get into the grotto only on a small boat through an artificial hole made with the help of dynamite by Baron Eugene von Ransone - a famous painter who was the first to discover this Blue Cave in the 80s of the XIX century. A new attraction immediately began to show its tourists the Lloyd's shipping company. Since then, the flow of tourists into the cave has not decreased.

You can book an excursion to the Blue Grotto directly on the island of Vis. It is offered by local travel agencies for a very modest fee. You can get to the island of Bishevo on your own, and directly at the grotto hire a boat for 30 kunas. In the Blue Cave is allowed to swim. However, the number of curious tourists arriving on ever new boats is so great that such a bath will not bring pleasure.

The blue cave was formed as a result of limestone erosion many years ago. Local fishermen knew about it a long time ago. In the blue color, the water in the cave turns colored during the day - from 11 to 13 hours. You can get into the cave only in calm, calm weather.

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Bishevo Island and Blue Cave

Every morning, small ships depart from the port of Komizhi to the islet of Bishevo, which lies nearby, in the south-west of Vis. Above the small port of Bishevo there is a seasonal settlement and two beautiful caves. However, the main local attraction of Croatia - Blue Cave (Modra spilja) - is located on the east coast of the island. This is not a very large, but extremely attractive grotto, which can only be accessed from the sea.

The Blue Cave became a tourist attraction in the 80s of the XIX century, when the Venetian painter Eugene von Ransonne-Ville expanded the entrance to it with the help of dynamite so that boats could swim there. Then the shipping company Lloyd began to offer excursions to the cave, calling it "Austrian Capri." The amazing natural site is truly admirable.

When the sun is high, light passes in through the water, and the entire interior shines with mysterious, eerie blue reflections. The entrance to the cave is narrow, so you can get there only when the sea is completely calm. Excitement in these parts can happen at any moment, with the exception of perhaps the most quiet and serene summer days. Search for weather information at the tourist office in Komiza or Visa.

To visit the cave, you need to buy a ticket for an excursion from Korcula or from Vis. All rental agencies offer such excursions costing 100-120 kuna, including admission. You can get there yourself by hiring a taxi boat, and then walking up to the entrance. Inside, visitors get on a small boat. In the cave you can swim. However, due to the intense flow of visitors, you will not be able to stay in the underground hall for a long time.

Photo

Blue Grotto - a sea sightseeing cave (grotto) located in Balun Bay on the eastern side of the island of Bishevo, Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia. The grotto is filled with the waters of the Adriatic Sea. It has become a popular tourist attraction due to the fact that about three hours a day, in sunny weather with quiet water, is completely filled with piercing blue radiance.

The Blue Grotto is 24 meters long, from 10 to 20 meters wide, the vault height above water level is up to 15 meters, the depth is 3-20 meters. The surface entrance has a size of 1.5 meters in height and 2.5 meters in width, boats are allowed to swim inside no more than 5 meters long, no more than one meter high, carrying no more than 10 people. This artificial entrance does not affect the lighting in any way, all the light enters through a much larger, but lower than the water level, natural entrance. The cave, like the whole island of Bishevo, consists of limestone, it has been washed by the waves of the sea in the coast for thousands of years. The cave is roughly divided in two by a stone “spacer” that runs from wall to wall at a depth of 6 meters.

Local fishermen have long known about this grotto, but it became widely known in 1884 after it was described and painted by Baron Eugene von Ransonet. Then the grotto had the only natural entrance, located below sea level, but soon a second passage was pierced, through which small boats could get inside.

Between 10 and 13 hours, the sun penetrates most heavily through the natural underwater entrance into the grotto. Its rays passing through the water column and reflected from the white bottom fill the cave with a bright radiance, from light aquamarine to deep blue and even silver. Over 10 thousand tourists come to admire this unusual sight, as a rule they also visit the nearby Green Grotto.

The blue grotto of the island of Bishevo is often compared with a very similar attraction - the Blue grotto of the island of Capri.

This is a description of the attractions of the Blue Grotto 68.8 km southwest of Split, Split-Dalmatian County (Croatia). As well as photos, reviews and a map of the surroundings. Find out the history, coordinates, where it is and how to get there. Check out other places on our interactive map, get more detailed information. Get to know the world better.

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Vis
Horv. Vis

town of Vis
Characteristics
Square90.26 km²
Highest point587 m
Population3617 people (2001)
Population density40.07 people / km²
Location
43 ° 02′45 ″ s w. 16 ° 09′04 ″ c. d.HGYOL
Water areaAdriatic Sea
A country
  • Croatia
RegionCounty Split Dalmatia