Nazareth - a city in northern Israel, in the Galilee. In Nazareth, according to legend, an angel brought the good news to the Virgin Mary, and here the childhood of Jesus passed. The city attracts a huge number of pilgrims from around the world. Nazareth is the third largest Christian city after Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
Despite the fact that Nazareth is associated only with Christianity, 60% of the city’s population is Muslim, and the largest number of Arabs in Israel live here. It is the cultural and political capital of the Palestinians, as well as a city with many Christian shrines.
The old city is located 25 km from the Sea of Galilee, it was built in a huge hollow. It is surrounded by hills of the Lower Galilee up to 500 m high, from the peaks of which amazing views are revealed. The main attraction of Nazareth is the beautiful Temple of the Annunciation - the largest in the Middle East. The cathedral is located near the entrance to the bazaar. Narrow streets descend from the outskirts of the city. Bazaar is the heart of the city. This is one of the largest markets in Israel, a maze of picturesque alleys along which the further you go, the narrower they become. On the main market street stands the Eastern Rite Catholic Church ("Synagogue"), presumably at the site of the synagogue that Jesus attended, as well as the Franciscan church of Menza Christie. In the depths of the market lies the oldest mosque in the city - the White Mosque of the early 19th century.
In a city where there are many churches, monasteries and temples, one of the charming structures is the Gothic basilica of the Child Jesus. Nazareth also has several Muslim shrines, many historical sites and archaeological sites.
Modest clothing is required throughout the city, but especially in places of religious worship.
Temple of the Annunciation
The high Catholic church in the very center of the city was built on the site of the former temples of the times of Byzantium and the Crusaders - this place has long attracted pilgrims. Inside the huge church complex is the Annunciation Cave, in which, as Catholics believe, the archangel Gabriel informed the Virgin Mary about the impending motherhood.
A tall, 55-meter church with powerful high walls and a concrete dome resembles a fortress. Nevertheless, it is beautiful with unusual beauty - a combination of modern church design with the remains of old churches that are visible from the cave. The upper church is decorated with mosaics donated by Catholic communities from around the world.
Casanova St. Open: Mon-Sat 8.00-18.00, Sun and holidays 14.00-17.30. Free admission. Modest clothing is required.
Greek Catholic Synagogue Church
It is believed that at this place there was a small synagogue in which Jesus studied and prayed and where he preached to the inhabitants of Nazareth. Pilgrims have flocked here for a long time, which led to the emergence of a small church, which now belongs to the Greek Catholic community.
A synagogue is located under the church, according to legend, it was Jesus who preached in it, but it most likely dates from the 6th century. To find the synagogue church, you need to turn left at the end of the main Market Street, and right after one block. To the right is a small stone door, which is not so easy to notice.
Old city. Tel .: (04) 656-84-88. Open: Mon-Sat 8.00-12.00, 14.00-17.00. Free admission. Modest clothing is required.
Source of Mary and the Church of the Holy Archangel Gabriel
According to the conviction of the Orthodox Church, the archangel Gabriel appeared to Mary at the source, above which today stands the church of the Holy Archangel Gabriel. As the Gospel says, Mary was drawing water from a spring when the archangel Gabriel appeared to her and announced the coming birth of Jesus.
The well at the end of Paul VI Street was built recently, but the source at this place has been known since ancient times. Indeed, during archaeological excavations under the neighboring souvenir shop were discovered Roman baths that existed in the era of Jesus. A narrow passage leads through the whole church of the Holy Archangel Gabriel to the altar, from which you can see the source below.
Casanova St. Open: Mon-Sat 8.00-17.00, Sun 12.00-14.00. Free admission. Modest clothing is required.
In the narrow streets of the Old Town, the Nazareth market snakes like a snake, one of the country's largest eastern bazaars. Despite the foreign guests walking along the shelves, this is a real Arab market, where people from Nazareth and the surrounding area come. A variety of goods spill out from cramped shops to the streets: clothing, household goods, spices and fresh produce. It's easy to get lost here - and this is the best way to get to know the market. The market begins on Kazakovy Street, next to Paul VI Street, passing through the city center.
A popular tourist attraction, especially for families with children, was the complete reconstruction of Nazareth, which it probably was during the time of Jesus, performed with the greatest attention to historical details. Here you can see agricultural implements of that era, the press, traditional costumes, and sheep and other domestic animals roam freely around the village.
Old city. Tel .: (04) 645-60-42. www.nazarethvillage.com Open: Mon-Sat 9.00-17.00. Paid entrance.
Church of St. Joseph
The modern Franciscan church stands on the spot where, according to legend, Joseph’s carpentry workshop was located and, of course, it is named after him.
Inside the church you can see an ancient well with water, mosaics, caves and a barn of ancient Nazareth, dating from the 1st and 2nd centuries. BC e. It is believed that one of these caves served Joseph's workshop - this is another place of pilgrimage. The church is located 50 meters from the north entrance of the Cathedral of the Annunciation.
Old city. Tel .: (04) 657-25-01. Open: daily 7.00-18.00. Free admission. Modest clothing is required.
White Mosque (Al-Abiyad)
This mosque, located in the very center of the Old City and dating from the time when Al-Jazzar was the ruler of Acre, serves as a monument to his brutal rule in the early XIX century.
Elegant style and white color were chosen in order to personify the purity, modesty and peaceful coexistence of various religions in Nazareth. Indeed, the mosque serves as a vivid example of religious tolerance and calls for peace and harmony of the city residents and followers of other religions. Old city. Tel .: (04) 656-90-61. Open: daily except prayer times. Free admission. Modest clothing is required.
Do not miss
- Church of the Archangel Gabriel.
- Khan el-Bash - a wonderful caravanserai (inn) on Casa Nova street.
- The ruins and necropolis of Beit Shearim on the road leading to Haifa.
- Nazareth village - a wonderful reconstruction based on the findings of archaeologists, the opportunity to see what Nazareth was like during the time of Jesus.
- Church of the Transfiguration and the Church of Elijah the Prophet on Mount Tabor, 9.5 km from Nazareth.
The site contains Nazareth attractions - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Nazareth, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Nazareth.
Statue of Virgin Mary in the courtyard of the Basilica of the Annunciation
The statue of the Virgin Mary is located in the courtyard of the largest Christian church in the Middle East - the Basilica of the Annunciation. Grotto of the Annunciation, many Christians consider the remains of the home of the Virgin Mary
What sights of Nazareth did you like? Next to the photo area there are icons, by clicking on which you can evaluate this or that place.
Kfar Tavor Museum
The Kfar Tavor Museum is located in the center of the village of the same name, which lies at the foot of Tavor Mountain.
The museum tells the story of the first settlers of the first Aliya. The museum exposition includes a story about the institutions founded by Baron de Rothschild.
In the museum you can see beautifully captured views of Mount Tavor, the A-Shomer hut or the synagogue.
The farmyard adjoins the museum, which is an integral part of the exposition. Here you can look at the houses of the first farmers that have survived to this day, household utensils, clothes of those times.
The documentary will clearly show you the life story of the first settlers. There are also animal farms.
In photo mode, you can view the sights in Nazareth only by photographs.
The ancient city of Sepphoris
Sepphoris is a national park and archaeological site in Israel. The beginning of archaeological excavations dates back to 1931. In 1975, an expedition organized by Tell Aviv University carried out a study of the city's aqueduct. After a short pause, excavations were resumed and led by Professor Ehud Netzer of Hebrew University. In 1992, Sepphoris received the status of a National Park.
In Sepphoris, scientists have found a residential quarter. It was found that in the Hellenistic period (the end of the II – the beginning of the II century BC) there was an acropolis. It was found that the houses were inhabited by the Jews, since mikvahs, water reservoirs for washing, were hollowed out in their walls. The Roman amphitheater, which has 4,500 seats, is located on the north side of Sepphoris.
Covered walkways and rows of benches frame the central streets of the quarter. Archaeologists have discovered the largest house dating back to the 5th century - the “House of the Nile”. The floor of the house is decorated with beautiful mosaics, and its dimensions are 50 to 30 meters. In addition, Sepphoris is located near Nazareth - the place where Jesus Christ was born.
Village of Cannes of Galilee
The village of Kanna Galilei is an urban-type settlement located in the northeast of the city of Nazareth.
In the place of the modern village there were ancient settlements associated with the events of Jewish and Christian history. As mentioned in the Gospel, this is the birthplace of the Apostle Nathanael. This place is also known for the fact that here Jesus performed his first miracle - he turned water into wine. He also healed the son of the nobleman from Capernaum.
Currently, a mixed population lives here: Muslims and Christians. Many famous churches are built in the village. For example, the Franciscan church dedicated to Marriage and the Miracle of Cannes.
The ancient city of Hippos
Hippos is an ancient city located in Eastern Galilee. In Hellenistic times, Hippos was a Greek polis, which later became an integral part of Decapolis and was actively developed during Roman rule. Hippos experienced both Christianization and Arab conquests. A catastrophic earthquake destroyed the city and the inhabitants, having left it, never returned.
The idea of archaeological excavation dates back to 1849, when Joseph Schwartz suggested that the hill of Kalat el Husn hides the ancient city of Gamlu. But the excavations themselves began in 1951, since after the Arab-Israeli war a border post was posted here. During archaeological excavations of Hippos were found: coins of the Roman period with images of the horse's head, stone shields, weapons and household items. Also, most of the exhibits of the Roman and Byzantine periods were found: walls, gates, tower, water system, fountain, as well as 8 churches. Archaeological excavations continue today.
Museum of First Settlers named after Oded Arzi
The Oded Arzi Museum of First Settlers is one of the largest museums dedicated to the history of the first settlers in the Valley of Israel from 1911 to 1951.
The museum opened its doors to visitors in 1972. It was founded by a local resident, a patriot of his land - Oded Artsi, in whose honor the museum got its name after his death in 1986.
The museum tells about the various stages of the kibbutz movement, each of which is dedicated to its own part of the exposition.
Museum visitors will be able to see the rooms of the first settlers, their furniture. Here you can truly touch the story.
The museum has interesting programs for schoolchildren: song evenings, performances, evenings are held when national dishes are prepared using old kitchen utensils and ovens.
The most popular attractions in Nazareth with descriptions and photographs for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Nazareth on our website.
Nazareth city - description, general information
In many religious sources, Nazareth is mentioned as a settlement in Israel, where Jesus Christ grew up and lived for many years. Over two millennia, millions of pilgrims come to Nazareth annually to honor the memorial shrines.
The historical part of the settlement is being updated, but the authorities retain the original appearance of the settlement. In Nazareth there were characteristic narrow streets, unique architectural objects.
Modern Nazareth in Israel is the most Christian and, at the same time, Arab city in the state. According to statistics, 70% are Muslims, 30% are Christians. Nazareth is the only settlement where they rest on Sunday.
Interesting fact! In the temple of Mensa Christie, a stove was preserved that served Christ as a table after the resurrection.
In the history of the city of Nazareth in Israel there are no high-profile events and exciting ups and downs. In the past, it was a small settlement where two dozen families lived, cultivating land and winemaking. People lived peacefully and calmly, but for Christians around the world, Nazareth is forever inscribed in history along with Jerusalem, as well as Bethlehem.
In many religious texts, the word Nazareth is mentioned, but not as the name of a settlement, but in the meaning of the word "branch." The fact is that during Jesus Christ, a modest settlement did not fall into the chronicles of Israel.
The first mention of Nazareth in Israel dates from the year 614. At that time, the locals supported the Persians, who fought against Byzantium. In the future, this fact directly affected the history of the city - the Byzantine army completely destroyed local residents.
Over the course of many centuries, Nazareth often turned to representatives of different religions and cultures. It was ruled by the crusaders, the Arabs. As a result, the city was in a deplorable state, but the restoration was proceeding rather slowly. For several centuries, few people remembered Nazareth. In the 17th century, Franciscan monks settled on its territory, they restored the Church of the Annunciation with their own money. In the 19th century, Nazareth was a successful, rapidly developing city.
In the middle of the 20th century, the British tried to capture the city, but the Israeli army repelled the onslaught. Modern Nazareth is an important religious center for pilgrimage.
Sights of Nazareth
Most of the memorable, tourist places are associated with religion. Many tourists come here to visit the shrines. The list of the most visited attractions includes the Cathedral of the Annunciation.
The Catholic shrine proudly rises not far from the city center; it was built on the site of the shrines erected by the Crusaders and Byzantines. The attraction is a large complex built around the Annunciation Cave. It was here that Mary learned the good news of the Immaculate Conception.
The height of the structure is 55 meters, the building looks more like a fortress. The architecture and decoration combines modern design and old church decoration. To decorate the upper church, mosaics from many countries were used.
Good to know! This is the largest shrine in the Middle East, the only church topped with a dome. It is from here that it is recommended to start a visit to the religious sights of Nazareth in Israel.
The basilica consists of several levels:
- Lower - here are collected unique historical relics of the period of the Byzantine Empire, the Crusaders, the stone house of the Byzantine period is preserved,
- Upper - was built 10 years instead of the shrine of the 18th century, a distinctive feature - stained glass windows.
Good to know! An adjoining garden connects the attraction with St. Joseph's Church.
- the entrance is free,
- work schedule: in the warm season from Monday to Saturday - from 8-30 to 11-45, then from 14-00 to 17-50, on Sunday - from 14-00 to 17-30, in the winter months from Monday to Saturday from 9-00 to 11-45, then 14-00 to 16-30, Sunday - entrance,
- Basilica address: Casanova St.,
- a prerequisite - modest clothing and a covered head for women.
Franciscan church decorated in a modern style. The building was built on the spot where Joseph’s workshop was located in the past, respectively, the landmark was named in his honor. Inside are: an old well still filled with water, a barn dating back to the 2nd century BC, there are caves, Joseph worked in one. Pilgrims from all over the world come here.
- located next to the north entrance to the temple of the Annunciation,
- work schedule: every day from 7-00 to 18-00,
- the entrance is free,
- modest clothing is required.
This attraction is more like a museum complex. Here are collected various images of the Virgin Mary, collected from around the world. The interiors are quite spacious, bright, beautifully decorated.
Important! Women are not allowed to enter the Center in short skirts. With bare shoulders, arms and neck.
- the attraction is located in the central part of Nazareth,
- there is parking nearby
- bells ring at noon every day
- it is best to visit the Center until noon, after 12-00 services begin and are restricted for tourists, from 14-00 the temple is again open for free visits,
- You can buy a tour at the Center, the guide will tell you in detail about the life of the Virgin Mary,
- be sure to take a walk in the courtyard of the Center, there are many different plants collected - more than 400 species,
- you can climb the roof and enjoy the view of Nazareth,
- there is a souvenir shop and cafe on the territory of the Center,
- Address: Casa Nova Street, 15A,
- work schedule: every day, except Sunday from 9-00 to 12-00 and from 14-30 to 17-00.
If you leave Nazareth and move along the highway number 754, you will find yourself in the settlement of Cana of Galilee. It was this way that Jesus Christ followed after being expelled from the city.
Interesting fact! Cana was named Galilee so that the locals would not get confused, since there was another Cana not far from Zora.
Interesting facts about Cana of Galilee:
- in the past it was a large settlement linking the capital with Tiberius,
- it was here that Jesus performed the first miracle - turned water into wine,
- today in Cana there are several churches: “The First Miracle” - it looks modest in appearance, but the interior is rich, “Weddings” - a baroque building, “St. Bartholomew” - a rectangular structure, the facade is not decorated in any way.
|“The First Miracle”||Every day from 8-00 to 13-00, from 16-00 to 18-00||the entrance is free|
|“Weddings”||From April to the beginning of autumn: from 8-00 to 12-00, from 14-30 to 18-00. From October to March: from 8-00 to 12-00, from 14-30 to 17-00.||Admission is free, photo and video are allowed.|
- on the maps, the name of the attraction is indicated as Kafr Kana,
- among the local population, only 11% of Christians,
- from Nazareth to Cana of Galilee buses follow - No. 431 (Nazareth-Tiberias), No. 22 (Nazareth-Cana),
- one of the attractions of Cana of Galilee is the local wine, it is sold in temples, shops, in street shops ,,
- eyewitnesses claim that in Qana the most delicious pomegranates in all of Israel.
The attraction is a small green hill, located near Nazareth in Israel. This place is described in detail in the Bible. It was here that Jesus Christ delivered a sermon that indignant the locals so much that they decided to throw him off a cliff nearby.
The hill is the site of excavations, during which the ruins of a temple dating from the 8th century were discovered. In addition, traces of the stay of the Byzantine empire were found.
It is noteworthy that the Orthodox and Catholic faiths do not have a common opinion on the exact location of the mountain. Christians believe that the attraction is closer to Nazareth, in this place even a church was built. Catholics, however, believe that from Mount Tabor Virgin Mary watched the conflict that took place between the local population and her son.
Interesting fact! There is no mention in the Gospel of how Jesus Christ escaped from an angry mob of city dwellers. According to one of the legends, he himself jumped from a mountain and landed below, without receiving any injuries.
At the top of the hill there is a viewing platform with a picturesque view of the valley, the city of Nazareth and the neighboring Mount Tabor.
- entrance to the observation deck is free,
- the nearest public transport stop is Amal School,
- can be reached by buses No. 42, 86, 89.
One of the main Orthodox sights - it was here that the Annunciation happened. For the first time, an angel appeared to the Virgin Mary right here, at the well. In the underground part there is still a Holy spring, to which millions of pilgrims come.
The first shrine appeared here in the 4th century, during the Crusader period the sanctuary was upset in a large temple decorated with marble. In the mid-13th century, the attraction was destroyed by the Arabs.
The modern church was erected in the middle of the 18th century, fully finishing work was completed by the end of the 19th century.
The entrance to the attraction is decorated with powerful gates and a canopy, which is supported by elegant columns. The central element is a bell tower with a cross. The frescoes, ancient Romanesque columns, and elaborate painting are preserved in the design of the church.
Interesting fact! The icon of the Annunciation is represented in the underground chapel.
One hundred meters from the church is another attraction - a well, next to which Mary first saw an angel. For a thousand years it was the only one in the city.
The Temple of the Archangel Gabriel is also called the Temple of the Annunciation, but this only creates confusion - many tourists mistakenly take the church for the Basilica of the Annunciation. Buildings are located half a kilometer apart.
Translated from the local language, the word Megiddo means armageddon. Many tourists wonder - why is such a beautiful place in the Jezreel Valley associated with a terrible end of the world?
Tel Megiddo is a hill located in the western part of the valley, nearby there is a settlement named as well. In the past, it was a large, successful city. The settlement was built in a strategically important place. Today, the area around the hill is recognized as a national park.
The height of the attraction is approximately 60 meters, 26 archaeological and cultural layers are found here. The first settlements appeared in the 4th millennium BC. And the city was founded a thousand years later.
Jezreel Valley was of great importance, this led to the fact that over the millennia, hundreds of battles took place here. The first battle took place in the 15th century BC, and at the beginning of the 20th century, the army of General Allenby defeated the Turks, so their rule in Palenstine was completely over.
Today Megiddo Park is a huge archaeological area where excavations have been ongoing for over a hundred years. Specialists were able to detect artifacts dating back to the 4th century BC. The view from the hill is bewitching. Be sure to visit the place where the battle of good and evil took place.
- address: 35 km from Haifa (highway number 66),
- the cost of visiting: for adults - 29 shekels, for children - 15 shekels,
- the attraction works every day from 8-00 to 16-00, and in the winter months - until 15-00.
Where to stay in Nazareth
The city of Nazareth in Israel is more religious than tourist. In this regard, there are few hotels, accommodation must be taken care of in advance. The most popular tourist accommodation format is guest houses and hostels. Given that Nazareth is an Arab settlement, here, of course, you can find rich hotels with pools.
Living together in a guest house will cost 250 shekels, a room in a three-star hotel costs from 500 shekels a day, and in an expensive hotel you will have to pay 1000 shekels.
How to get from Tel Aviv
Nazareth - the city where Jesus Christ was born, millions of travelers come here every year. Most travelers get to Nazareth from Ben Gurion Airport Terminal or directly from Tel Aviv.
Important! There are no direct flights from Ben Gurion to the city of Nazareth, therefore, tourists travel by train to Haifa and then transfer to the bus that goes to the final destination.
Train tickets are booked in advance, on the official website of the Israeli Railways or purchased at the box office. The fare to Haifa is 35.50 shekels. The journey takes 1.5 hours. Trains depart directly from the airport terminal and follow through Tel Aviv. In Haifa, the train arrives at the train station, from where buses leave for Nazareth. You will have to spend about 1.5 hours on the road.
You can also get to Nazareth from the bus station in Tel Aviv. Flights No. 823 and No. 826. The trip is designed for 1.5 hours. The ticket price is approximately 50 shekels.
The most comfortable way is to take a taxi or book a transfer. The trip will cost 500 shekels.
The city of Nazareth is rightfully considered the most visited religious attraction in Israel. No less pilgrims come here than in Jerusalem. Tourists are attracted to the birthplace of Jesus Christ, places that are mentioned in the Bible, where a special atmosphere reigns.
All prices on the page are for March 2019.
Author: Julia Matyukhina
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