Monument to Yaroslav the Wise, located on Epiphany Square, was erected in Yaroslavl in memory of Prince Yaroslav the Wise - the founder of this ancient Russian city. It is noteworthy that the townspeople themselves call him "uncle with a cake", paying tribute to the external content of the statue. In one hand, the prince holds a sword lowered to the ground, and in the other - a model of the future city. Thus, the sculpture personifies the peace-loving mood of the ruler, who, on the one hand, is ready to protect his people at any moment, and on the other, intends to take care of his future in a positive form of creation. The statue rises on an impressive pedestal and is clearly visible from different places. At the opening ceremony of the monument in 1993 was attended by the first president of Russia B.N. Yeltsin and other influential people.
On the bas-reliefs depicted on the pedestal of the monument to Yaroslav the Wise, the coat of arms of Yaroslavl and the bear are carved, with which the prince had to fight, as well as a fragment depicting the ruler at work when he is busy with state affairs. Yaroslav himself is depicted with a pacified expression on his face, looking towards the road leading to Moscow. Today, the image of the famous monument, along with the silhouette of the bear from the bas-relief, adorns the Russian 1000 ruble note. It is interesting that in the XIX century the sculpture already towered over the heads of the townspeople, however, on the orders of Emperor Nicholas I, it was dismantled as inappropriate to its meaning. At the beginning of the 20th century, they wanted to restore the monument, but the timed celebration of the anniversary of the Romanov dynasty turned out to be a more significant event, for which the money of the royal treasury went.
The monument to Yaroslav the Wise is considered one of the symbols of Yaroslavl and is very popular among residents and visitors of the city. Wedding processions often stop here, the townspeople make appointments and dates, and visitors consider it their duty to take pictures against the backdrop of the silent prince. The monument is of somewhat greater importance to the city than just sculpture, and since the 90s of the last century it has been one of the most famous sights of Yaroslavl.
Monument to Yaroslav the Wise
History of Russia: a monument to Yaroslav the Wise
This impressive size sculpture faces its Moscow direction, as if meeting guests arriving from the capital, which symbolized at that time a close relationship with the capital. Talking about the monument to Yaroslav the Wise (Yaroslavl), I immediately want to recall the history of the famous Russian city and its founder, in whose honor it is named. This city stands on the banks of the mighty Volga and the Kotorosl River. Its population is 600 thousand people. The place where the city stands was once called the “Bear Corner”. Once upon a time, the owners of these lands were pagan Finno-Ugric tribes, who revered the bear as a holy animal who knows honey. And in 1010, Yaroslav the Wise came to these lands for a tribute, sitting on the Rostov throne, but the pagans did not want to pay, and even set a bear on the prince, which he later cut to death with his own hands. Since then, local tribes submitted to him.
The monument was opened on October 23, 1993. This event was attended by Boris Yeltsin. The creators were the famous sculptor Oleg Komov, who was helped by his wife Nina Komova, and the chief architect Bobovich Arkady. The monument to Yaroslav the Wise (Yaroslavl) was the last work of the talented sculptor Komov. He also came to the opening of the monument, but exactly one year later he died suddenly.
It turns out that at the very beginning of the XIX century there was already a monument to Yaroslav the Wise (Yaroslavl), only a stone and pyramidal, which was erected in a ravine. But the Russian Tsar Nicholas I ordered to disassemble it due to inconsistency with its value. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was planned to create a new monument, funds were collected for this business, but then this money was spent on the celebration of the anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
Monument to Yaroslav the Wise: description
Now, in full growth, stands the courageous figure of the Grand Duke in elegant attire of the present ruler and collector of Russian lands, the creator and builder. The description of the monument to Yaroslav the Wise in Yaroslavl can begin with the fact that his right hand rests on a mighty forged sword, which at any moment can be used for its intended purpose, if there is a need to protect the city from the enemy. The lowered sword indicates that the prince conducted a peaceful policy. In his other hand is a model of the city, which he planned to rebuild.
On the powerful pedestal on which the prince stands, bas-reliefs appear, on one of them is the coat of arms of the city of Yaroslavl (the plot of the battle with a bear from the legend), on the other Yaroslav bent over the manuscript, in his hands is the text of the law, a book from his library or some kind of agreement with the European monarch. Any option is permissible here, because with this ruler the first large library and code of laws was created, which was called “Russian Truth”. Yaroslav the Wise betrayed his daughters as an intelligent diplomat to European kings, this helped to strengthen relations between other countries.
In general, the image on the monument was created according to the ancient icon-painting canon, which appeared much later than the time of Yaroslav's life in the Russian state, in the then representation he was depicted with a well-groomed and bearded beard, at rest and pacified, in a representation of good looks like that of Christ himself.
According to an even more ancient canon that came from the Varangians, he was depicted with short hair, sometimes shaved bald with a short beard, a Scandinavian-type face with a long mustache and forelock - a symbol of nobility.
Today, the monument to Yaroslav the Wise, rebuilt in Yaroslavl, is familiar to all Russians, as it also adorns a 1000-ruble note.
And here it was not so simple. First, they wanted to erect a monument at the entrance to the reserve, then - at a site near the bank. Then they nevertheless decided that the current option for the official monument would be the most suitable.
Oleg Komov created the face of the prince by reconstruction, created on the skull of Yaroslav the Wise by the famous sculptor and anthropologist Mikhail Gerasimov.
There is information that when the builders were installing the foundation, they found under it either an ancient underground passage, or a water supply system that stretches from the museum-reserve to the Main Post Office. But no one confirms the reliability of this fact, but does not refute it.
In 2002, Nina Ivanovna, the widow of Oleg Komov, began a lawsuit with the Central Bank about copyright infringement after the monument appeared on a thousand-ruble note. However, the court did not satisfy this claim.
Cities with monuments to Yaroslav the Wise
The conversation about the monument to Yaroslav the Wise (Yaroslavl) can be ended by the fact that this is not the only monument in Russia. It can also be seen in the prefabricated monument in Veliky Novgorod in honor of the 1000th anniversary of Russia. There he holds a manuscript in his hands - the oldest code of laws of the Russian Truth. The monument was opened in 1862. In 2012, a bronze bust of Yaroslav was installed at the main building of Novgorod State University, also named after him.
In the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, there is also a monument to Yaroslav, who sits and looks towards St. Sophia Cathedral. In his hands is a model of Sophia of Kiev. The opening of the memorial took place in 1997.
The city of Kharkov also boasts a monument dedicated to the author of the law of Kievan Rus, which is located next to the walls of the National Law Academy named after Yaroslav the Wise. Here he also sits with an open book. This monument was solemnly presented to the citizens in 1999.
In the Kiev region in the city of Bila Tserkva there is also a monument to this glorious ruler, who founded there a fortress called Yuryev, which became the predecessor of the Bila Tserkva. Today, the monument is located near the walls of the local history museum of the city of Bila Tserkva on the ancient Castle Hill. A bronze statue in one hand holds a letter about the foundation of the city of Yuryev in 1032. The monument was opened in 1983.
Description of the monument
For a long time in Yaroslavl they planned to erect a monument to the founder of the city - Prince Yaroslav. We chose the most successful place. Strelka (the place where Kotorosli flows into the Volga), where the city was founded, and the Medveditsky ravine, where according to legend Yaroslav had a duel with a dipper, were considered as options. However, one of the central squares was chosen - Epiphany. Yaroslav the Wise seems to meet travelers arriving in our city from the capital, and symbolizes close ties with Moscow. The creators were sculptor Oleg Komov and architects N.I. Komova and A.R. Bobovich. The monument was unveiled on October 23, 1993 with the participation of the first president of Russia Boris Yeltsin. The Monument and the Epiphany Square is a place for visiting wedding processions.
At the beginning of the 19th century, a monument to Yaroslav the Wise already existed in Yaroslavl: “a stone, pyramidal, standing in a ravine”. At the direction of Nicholas I, it was dismantled as not corresponding to its significance. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was planned to build a new monument and even money was collected for this, but in the end they were spent on the celebration of the anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
Description of the monument
Yaroslav the Wise holds a sword in one hand, and a model of the future city in the other. This decision shows the creator prince, the builder who is able, if necessary, to protect the city. The lowered sword symbolizes the prince's peace policy.
The bas-reliefs decorating the pedestal depict the coat of arms of Yaroslavl, the duel between Prince Yaroslav and the dipper, the legend of which formed the basis of the coat of arms, and Yaroslav at work, maybe in his hands is the text of the law or one of the books of the library, or an agreement with someone from European monarchs. Any option is permissible, since the code of laws “Russian Pravda” was created under Yaroslav, a large library appeared, and he gave his daughters to marry European kings to strengthen ties with other countries.
Yaroslav is depicted on the monument according to the icon-painting canon, which appeared later than the time of his life, already in the Russian state - according to the then ideas of good looks with a well-groomed beard like that of Christ in peace and tranquility. According to an older canon that came from the Varangians, he was portrayed with short hair, perhaps shaved bald only with a tuft of hair - a symbol of nobility, a short beard, but with a long mustache, a Scandinavian-type face.
Photo and description
On Epiphany Square in Yaroslavl there is a famous monument dedicated to Yaroslav the Wise. As you know, at one time Yaroslav the Wise became the founder of this city. To be more precise, the monument is dedicated to the memory of the founding by the Grand Duke of this native city for many residents. The front facade of the monument is directed to all those entering the central part of the city from the Moscow highway.
For a rather long period of time, they tried to establish a monument in Yaroslavl in honor of the founder of the city. But the catch was that they could not decide on the place most suitable for him. Initially, the place where Kotorosli flows into the Volga was considered - it is called Strelka, it is known that the foundation of the city happened here. The competing place was the Medveditsky ravine, because, according to ancient legend, in this area there was a bloody duel of Prince Yaroslav with a huge dipper. Despite the advantages of the chosen places, it was decided to place a memorial monument in the central city square - Epiphany. Being here, the prince seems to meet all travelers entering the city, who arrive from the Russian capital.
The project was developed by Oleg Komov - sculptor, Komova N.I. and Bobovich A.R. - famous architects. The opening ceremony of the monument to Yaroslav the Wise took place in October 1993. At such an important ceremony was attended by Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Today, Epiphany Square has become a place to visit weddings, because it is here that unforgettable photographs are obtained.
At the very beginning of the 19th century, a monument to Prince Yaroslav the Wise already stood in Yaroslavl. It had a pyramidal shape, was made of stone and located in a small ravine. According to the order of Tsar Nicholas I, the monument was completely dismantled, since, according to the tsar, it completely did not meet the purpose and did not fulfill its function.
In the first decades of the 20th century, it was decided to erect a new monument, while the necessary amount of money was collected, but all the funds were spent on the solemn anniversary celebration from the day the Romanovs were founded.
The monument is represented in the image of Yaroslav the Wise, who holds a sword in one hand, and in his other hand is a model of the future city. A slightly lowered sword demonstrates the peace-loving political power of the Grand Duke.
The pedestal is decorated with graceful bas-reliefs, on which you can see the coat of arms of Yaroslavl, see the image of the duel of Yaroslav with a terrible bear, the legend is told here that tells what exactly formed the basis of the coat of arms. The bas-reliefs show the prince sitting at work, in whose hands is a book and a set of rules and laws, because under Yaroslav the Wise the “Russian Truth” was compiled - a set of laws. Among the merits of this man, one can also mention the creation of the first largest library. It is known from history that the prince had daughters whom he married European kings to strengthen ties with developed countries as much as possible.
The image of the prince on the monument is fully consistent with the icon-painting canon, which appeared after his death. Judging by the older canon, borrowed from the Varangian tribes, Yaroslav was depicted with a short haircut, smoothly shaved and with a small bevel of hair, which was presented as a symbol of greatness and nobility.