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Guell Palace in Barcelona - architecture, interior, curious facts

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The Guell Palace is a wonderful creation created by the architect Antonio Gaudi, located near the Rambla. The palace was created by the architect when the dawn occurred in his professional life in 1886 - 1889, for his own patron, Eusebio de Guell Bachigalupi, a textile magnate. He spared no money to build the building, Gaudi was able to make the architecture of the palace perfect. Gaudi and Bachigalupi were united by fanatical Catalan patriotism and common native places - the surroundings of Tarragona.

The decorations in the rooms were very expensive - carved ceilings are made of oak and rosewood, they are decorated with false leaves of silver and gold, they are inlaid with tortoise-shell and ivory. Unusual interiors with neo-Byzantine rooms, parabolic arches, weathercocks made in the form of bats, ceramic multi-colored chimneys.

Construction history

The building was commissioned by the famous industrialist Eusebio Güell and became one of the early brainchild of the architect Antonio Gaudi.

For those who love Gaudi’s creations, this house is of particular value - here the architect first tested his ideas, at this work he began to form his own unique style.

Bachigalupi Eusebio Guell (Barcelona, ​​1846 - Barcelona, ​​1918). Guell, a politician, businessman and patron of literature and art, is known as a philanthropist who sponsors and promotes Antonio Gaudi's projects.

We can only guess what feelings the industrialist was driving, but he decided to build his new house on Carrer Nou de la Rambla as an extension of his parents 'house, next to his parents' house, in the place where the oil mill used to be.

Guell first learned about Gaudi at the Paris exhibition. There they met and became friends. Not surprisingly, Guell commissioned the construction of the palace to his friend.

The collaboration of two talented people was not easy: Guell dreamed of getting ahead of his time, while paying tribute to traditions, and Gaudi wanted to work with changing forms and transforming space.

As a result, construction went on from 1885 to 1890. A curious fact is connected with the date of its completion: on the pediment of the building you can read the date of completion of construction - 1888. Yes, the building itself was built, but another two years were allotted for the decoration of the architectural details of the palace.

Appearance

Already during the construction of this building, the master strove to define his own unique style, while paying close attention to every detail. When the construction and work on all the details and furniture of the palace was completed, Gaudi turned 34 years old.

The young architect managed to accomplish the almost impossible. In a small square, he raised a whole palace with a huge living room, high ceilings and a beautiful parabolic dome.

By the way, for the appearance and pretentiousness of the building, located next to the poor houses, Guell’s palace was ridiculed by the townspeople.

The facade of the building, built of gray Gerraf marble, was created as a model of art nouveau and neo-Gothic.

Goal. Guell Palace

For the entry of the crews into the construction of the house, two arches were intended, which were closed by a metal gate. Between the arches there is a huge coat of arms with an eagle. The many windows literally strewn the facade attracted attention.

It's a shame that we will not succeed in reviewing the whole beauty of the building because of its location. But even Gaudi tried to solve this problem. In an effort to impress his brainchild even on those who would be away from the palace, he created bright and unusual chimney towers. He repeatedly used this find in the future.

Inside the palace

No less impressive is the work of Gaudi with the interior of the building.

The parabolic dome passes through several floors, being the very thread that ties the house together.

Gaudi was not afraid to experiment with materials. So, for example, this same dome rests on the base of shipbuilding beams.

As when working on his other creations, the architect here paid special attention to lighting and ventilation of the interior. Holes have been made in the dome decorating the living room. Through them, diffused sunlight enters the interior of the house.

Interior of the Guell Palace

In the living room, another detail literally attracts attention - giant doors with inlay. They hide the chapel.

It would seem that extraordinary things can be done with the chapel. Giving this room a resemblance to a hamam was Gaudi’s creative decision. Unfortunately, part of the chapel was destroyed during the war.

Phoenix. Guell Palace

In addition to utilitarian accessories, each room of the palace is endowed with its own special cultural and artistic meaning. The cellar symbolizes hell, respectively, the roof is paradise, the living room is the confluence of earth and sky.

Elements of symbolism are scattered throughout the house, telling their viewers about the atonement and resurrection.

So Gaudi imagined the royal palace, because it was he who built it.

There are many royal allusions in the palace, for example, an abundance of columns. There are 120 of them in the building, just imagine (!), And some have a very unusual shape.

Palace Furniture

Few remember that Gaudi worked not only on large-scale architectural projects, he was also a designer, including furniture.

In the palace of Guell, you can see the original furniture designed by Gaudi and representing works of art. It is fully consistent with the style and ideas of the artistic design of the house.

Chaise lounge Isabelle Lopez in the palace

By the way, Antonio Gaudi has developed furniture projects for all the houses of Guell.

The entrance to the palace is open. Therefore, we can see all the wealth of forms not only from the street, but also by going inside the palace.

I repeat once again where the Guell Palace is located: in the old town - El Raval district, Carrer Nou de la Rambla street.

Address: Carrer Nou de la Rambla, 3-5, 08001.

Working hours

  • The palace is open daily.
  • April - September from 10:00 to 20:00
  • In the remaining months - two and a half hours less, Christmas, New Year's holidays, Mondays - weekends.

You can visit the palace on your own or as part of a group with a guided tour.

There is an audio guide in 8 languages ​​- Catalan, Spanish, English, French, Italian, German, Japanese and Portuguese. Not yet in Russian.

Please note that audio guides differ not only in language, but also in features and age.

How much is

The price of tickets to the palace is flexible and varies from € 5 to € 12, depending on what you want to visit and see.

Inside thematic exhibitions are constantly held, there are concerts.

You can enter the Guell Palace for free, but only on the first Sunday of every month. Tickets for free admission are distributed in 2 stages:

  • In the morning: from 10 in the morning.
  • In the afternoon: from 13:30.

The number of tickets is limited. Therefore, it is better to come early for 1 hour to get in line for free tickets.

Detailed information can be found on the official website of the palace of Guell.

Whatever way of visiting this amazing building you choose, be sure that you will definitely remember it.

What to see nearby

  • Rambla Boulevard
  • Boqueria Market
  • Raval cat.

About this monument is worth telling:

This is one of the most unusual animal sculptures. The author of the project is the famous sculptor Fernando Botero. The bronze cat - El Gato de Botero (Botero Cat) weighing 2 tons, 7 meters long and 2.5 meters high at the withers - is a remarkable figure. Cast in 1987. Due to its size, it got an unofficial nickname - Broiler Cat. Because of these sizes, the cat roamed the streets of Barcelona until it took root at the beginning of La Rambla del Raval near the rotunda (street roundabout) connecting 5 streets.

It is not only the charm and size of the cat that attracts them, the Barcelona people started a rumor that if you rub the cat in the right place, then you will come to Barcelona again. Please note - in places of masculinity, the Botero cat simply shines.

Although, in order for the wish to be fulfilled, it is enough just to rub the cat's nose. So say others. Who to believe?

All items on the map below.

Destruction of architecture stereotypes

During construction work, Gaudi used only selected high-quality materials. The interior design of the Palau Guell (Palais Guell) is replete with the best paintings, sculptures and art furniture. The front side of the palace is made of an unusual light stone with a gray tint, which was mined thirty kilometers from Barcelona. Inside the palace are the initials of the owner of the building, as well as a coat of arms demonstrating traditional Catalan love of freedom.

Even with a cursory glance at the lines of the Guell Palace, you can see that the great architect sought to destroy the stereotypes of classical architecture. In every detail he breathed his own uniqueness. This building is one of the first ideas of the Catalan creator, but already it shows how strong the imagination of the artist was. Gaudi did not leave unreasoned a trifle.


The front gates in the form of arches made of iron are made exactly to pass guests' carriages through themselves. Inside, the guests almost immediately fell into the spacious hall and the horses were taken to the stables. In the reception hall there were special small windows through which the hosts watched the guests and accordingly watched what needed to be done so that the reception went to the highest level. After the reception hall, guests were led into the banquet room - a spacious room with a high ceiling and unique lighting that imitated the starry sky.

Decoration of the Guell Palace

The interior design of the palace completely conveys the architect's unique handwriting and its delicate taste for beauty. The columns made of marble are fascinating. The roof, sparkling in precious stones, with chimneys of the most various shapes stands out immediately. Gaudi’s style is difficult to attribute to one thing. It is rather a mixture of different trends in the art of architecture, which appears stylish eclecticism. It is best to understand the work of the Catalan architect, exploring the buildings in the context. Then you can see that the facades of the “Guell Palace” embody the style of the Renaissance, the arches turn into modern, carved wooden elements embody Venetian motifs.

And, surely, after such beauty, visit another creation of the great master - Park Guell. And these are far from the last places of interest in Barcelona that are undoubtedly worth seeing!

Appearance

Guell Palace made of natural stone and brick stands on an area of ​​18x22 meters. It has a basement where horses were placed, a ground floor with a mezzanine floor where there was a lobby, a garage, a concierge room and warehouses, a second floor for receiving guests, a third floor for living Guell and his family (with bedrooms, bathrooms, etc. .), the fourth floor for utility work (for the kitchen and laundry) and the roof.

In the work of Gaudi helped a lot team: architects Francesc Berenguer and Camil Oliveras, designer Francesc Vidal i Jevellí, builder Agustí Massip, blacksmiths Joan Oñóvar Gabor Gabarró), brothers Lewis and Josep Badia i Miarnau (Lluís y Josep Badia i Miarnau), cabinetmakers Antoni Oliva, Julia Soley, Eudald Puntí, bricklayers Ventura brothers. Artists, sculptors were also involved, and some orders were carried out in third-party workshops.

Front facade of the palace of Guell divided into three levels, to which the strip on the right side of the building does not belong, since it was created as a stylistic transition to the adjoining mansion. First level - This is the first floor of polished stone, in which there are parabolic arch arches and two rows of narrow windows with iron bars. Second level this is the second floor with a triforium (narrow longitudinal gallery) supported by 21 brackets. He, like the first, is lined with polished stone. TO third level the third and fourth floors are made of uneven stone: on the third floor there are two balconies, between which there are five windows, and on the fourth - a row of small windows, above which there is a narrow serrated balustrade.

Doors for guests

Service door, entering which you can buy a ticket


At the gate on the right are two wrought iron snakes as if descending to the ground and at the top with their tails weave the letter G (Güell). This gate was also intended for riders and the entry of crews. The stable in the basement was the innovation that was subsequently actively borrowed in the construction of other mansions. Between the doors a forged ornament hangs in the form of the flag of Catalonia, on which a helmet with a winged phoenix sitting on it is put on (by Joan Onios).

Catalonia flag with phoenix


Adjacent to the rear facade patio, which can be accessed from the second floor. Its windows and balconies are covered with wooden bars, and the balcony is additionally finished with black, turquoise and beige ceramic tiles. On the sides of the balcony on the lower level are two metal windows and two small doors.

Patio balconies (rear facade)


Ground floor (Planta Baixa)

On the ground floor is lobby, from which a staircase leads to the mezzanine and the second floor. One of the doors was for entry, and the other for exit. If you go past the stairs deep into the building, you can get into garagewhere the crews put, taking the horses to the basement. Next is warehouse, which is now a gift shop. The floor of the whole floor was lined with pine planks that muffled the clatter of hoofs and the rumble of wheels.

Second floor (Planta Noble)

This floor was intended for receiving guests and holding social parties. Immediately at the entrance you should pay attention to the stained-glass windows. If you turn right from here, you can get into the triforium with beautiful panoramic windows. Next is a small room with a magnificent wooden ceiling, which seems to be hanging on gilded screw rods. Here was the entrance to the women's toilet. The center of this floor is main hall with a parabolic dome 17.5 meters high, also piercing the third and fourth floors. A lot of micro windows are made in the dome, through which natural light penetrates into the hall. Since religious ceremonies were also held in this hall, there is a small altar closed with a double door. Four paintings by Aleix Clapés hang in the room. In a separate room organwhose sounds, thanks to the unique acoustics, were heard to those sitting in the hall, as it were, from all sides. Opposite the organ in the main hall there is a narrow staircase leading to the loft, where the musicians played. Leaving the main hall, the guests ended up in a room where only a narrow family circle usually gathered and Guell's daughters played the piano. In the far, closed corner of this room, a long bench is built into the wall, which was created personally by Gaudi. Another door from the main hall leads to the dining room. There is a table with 12 chairs and there is a fireplace with a unique wooden carved panel made by Camille Oliveras. Next to the dining room is a billiard room, in which the daughters of Guell also engaged in drawing.

The roof of the dome of the main hall

Roof (Terrat or Azotea)

The roof is one of the main attractions of the Guell Palace. Here stands twenty unique turrets-flue pipes of fireplaces, each of which has its own, slightly different, shape, size and finish. In the center of the roof is a spire-shaped dome fifteen meters high, on top of which there is a Greek cross, a compass rose and a weather vane in the shape of a bat. The turrets were last restored in 1990-1994, and on one of them the dog Kobe was laid out - the mascot of the 1992 Summer Olympic Games in Barcelona.

Turrets on the roof


Since 1984, the Guell Palace has become part of UNESCO's cultural heritage as one of the works of Antonio Gaudi.


Attractions nearby: St. Paul's Church in the Fields, Columbus Monument, Maritime Museum, Bruno Cuadros House, Boqueria Market

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