There are several routes from Belgrade to the Kopaonik ski resort. By road A1, connecting Belgrade with Nis, you can reach your destination in about 4 hours. But if you stop for sightseeing in Serbia, which will meet along the way, then you will reach Kopaonik in 7-8 hours.
Along the A1 highway, you should go to the village of Poyaty, where a beautiful church of St. Thomas was erected. After Poite, tourists heading to Kopaonik turn onto the E-761 highway. The town of Chichevac, which will meet along the way, is of little interest to tourists, but in its vicinity there are several historical sites that are worth seeing. 3 km east of present Chichevac is located archaeological area of Seliste, where artifacts of the Neolithic, Roman and Byzantine empires, as well as the era of the immigration of Slovenian tribes to this region were discovered. It’s also worth taking off the main road to explore the ruins of the medieval settlement of Koshari (another name is Kosevi). They are located in a triangle between Varvarin, Lower Katun and Ludog.
The road to Kopaonik goes through pretty big city Krusevacwhere there are many interesting monuments. Be sure to visit the Lazaritsa Church, named after its founder, Prince Lazar Khrebelyanovich, and the ruins of the Krusevac Castle.
In the vicinity of the town of Brus, which will also meet tourists coming to Kopaonik, there are more than a dozen interesting archaeological, historical and religious sights. Recommended to see the remains of the famous medieval city of Koznik, known as Erinin Grad. It stands on the right bank of the Rasine River on a cliff 922 meters high.
City of Belgrade (Serbia)
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia, one of the oldest cities in Europe and the largest city in the Balkans. Located at the confluence of the Danube and the Sava in the central part of the country. Belgrade is the center of Serbian culture, filled with dynamics, monumental architecture and tangible history, during which it was constantly shaken by wars. Therefore, it is difficult to find buildings and structures older than a couple of hundred years. Despite all the historical turmoil, Belgrade has a light temper and a traditional Balkan charm.
Geography and climate
Belgrade is located in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers. Belgrade is literally surrounded by river waters on three sides and therefore, since ancient times, the city is considered a guard of river passages. Because of this location, it is called the "Balkans" of the Balkans or the "door" to Central Europe.
The climate of Belgrade is temperate continental. All four seasons are distinguishable here. Autumn is the longest, with less warm and sunny days. Winter is not very harsh. Spring is short with a lot of rainfall. The summer is early, warm.
Belgrade top view
Best time to visit
Belgrade is interesting at any time of the year, but is most beautiful in spring. Spring is also the best time to visit the capital of Serbia. At this time, the temperature is kept at a comfortable 20 degrees Celsius, which provides ideal conditions for long walks and leisurely sightseeing.
Belgrade is one of the oldest cities in Europe, the history of which has more than two thousand years. The most ancient archaeological finds discovered on its territory date back to the fifth millennium BC. In the 3rd century BC, one of the Celtic tribes founded the settlement of Singidunum, which, after several centuries, was conquered by the Romans.
The first mention of Belgrade dates back to 878 year of our era. In the Middle Ages, the city belonged to Byzantium, then Bulgaria, Hungary. Throughout its long and turbulent history, Belgrade conquered 40 armies and 38 times, like a phoenix, it was reborn from the ashes.
Tram on the streets of Belgrade
In the 13-14th century Belgrade was a border town of Hungary. After the Ottomans appeared on the Balkan Peninsula, the Hungarians transferred it to the Serbs, who built powerful fortifications here, turning the city into a powerful defensive outpost. During this period, Belgrade also became the capital of the Serbian kingdom. Although after some time the Serbs had to return the city to the Hungarians.
In 1440, Belgrade was besieged by a huge Ottoman army. Interestingly, the Turks were not able to immediately capture the city. Belgrade resisted until 1521. After the city became Turkish, comes two centuries of peacetime. In the 17th century, with the weakening of the Ottoman Empire, Belgrade fell into decay. At the end of this century, the city was captured by Austria. Under the rule of the Habsburgs comes a short period of its heyday. In 1739, Austria had to return the city of Turkey.
At the end of the 18th century, the Serbian national movement was born. In the first half of the 19th century, several rebellions took place in Belgrade. During the Second Serbian Uprising of 1815, the Serbs secured the support of the Russian Empire. This helped them achieve autonomy.
Belgrade was declared the capital of Serbia in 1867, and 11 years later the country gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. During the First World War, the city was occupied by Austria-Hungary. After its liberation in 1918, Belgrade was declared the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later renamed Yugoslavia.
Streets of belgrade
In April 1941, the capital of Serbia was heavily bombarded by German aircraft. Six days later, Belgrade was surrendered without a fight. Subsequently, the city was subjected to massive bombing twice more: in 1944 - from the Allies, in 1999 - by NATO forces.
How to get there
Nikola Tesla International Airport is 18 km from the center of Belgrade. It has connections with almost all major cities in Europe: Paris, London, Frankfurt, Rome, Moscow, Bucharest, Vienna, Zurich. There are several ways to get to the city from the airport:
- by city bus number 72,
- on the bus of the JAT airline, which will take you to Slavia square,
- by taxi.
By bus, Belgrade is easily accessible from Sofia, Budapest and Thessaloniki. Also, the capital of Serbia has a railway connection with Podgorica, Istanbul, Vienna, Zagreb.
Food and drink
Belgrade has hundreds of restaurants specializing in local cuisine. Traditional restaurants and taverns are called kafana. In Serbia, we recommend trying meat on the grill (rostil, including chevapchichi) and the famous pie with filling - burek. Chorba (veal, lamb or fish soup), sarma (cabbage rolls), goulash or mukalitsa, Shopska salad (cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, soft Serbian cheese), pasul (beans with smoked meat), sauerkraut with paprika are also popular.
Belgrade Fortress is the main attraction of Belgrade and one of the symbols of Serbia. This is an impressive fortification, located on a hill at the confluence of the Danube and Sava. Belgrade Church consists of the Upper and Lower Towns, as well as the Kalemegdan Park. Kalemegdan in the past was the battlefield.
The fortress is an impressive historical layer, which covers a period of more than 16 centuries: from Antiquity to the New Age. Belgrade Church was founded in the 2nd century AD. Until the 18th century, it was destroyed and rebuilt many times. Here the Romans, Serbs, Turks, Hungarians, Austrians left their mark.
The fortress offers a magnificent view of Belgrade.
The first fortification on the site of a modern fortress was built in the 2nd century A.D. the Romans. Then the fortress was devastated by the Goths, Huns, Avars and Slavs. The modern Belgrade fortress is a powerful outpost, the structure of which is formed by structures built by Turks and Austrians mainly in the 18th century.
Monument to the Winner
The most interesting sights of the Belgrade fortress:
- The Victory Monument is an impressive monument erected in the 30s of the 20th century. The bronze sculpture was made by Ivan Mestrovich and depicts a man who holds a dove and a sword.
- Well of the 18th century.
- Ottoman tower (Sahat).
- The medieval tower, turned into a prison by the Turks.
- Old turkish bath.
- Gloomy Gate - part of the western fortifications, built in the middle of the 18th century.
- Sava Gate - a medieval gate originally built in the 14th century. They were destroyed in 1944 and restored only in 2007.
- The southern gate of Stephen, built in the first half of the 15th century.
- Vidin Gate, built by the Austrians in the 18th century (Lower Town).
- Gates of Charles VI - Baroque gates of the 18th century (Lower City).
- Port gate dating from the 15th century (Lower city).
The Ruzhitsky Church is the oldest church in Belgrade, located near the northeast walls of the castle of the same name. The exact founding date of this temple is unknown. The earliest mention of the church dates from the 15th century. The original church building was destroyed by the Turks in the 16th century. The current building dates back to the 19th century.
Church of Saint Sava
St. Sava Church is the largest Orthodox church in the Balkans, as well as one of the largest Orthodox religious buildings in the world. It is a real architectural dominant of Belgrade, having an impressive height of 79 meters. The church was built on the site where the Ottomans burned the relics of St. Sava. This monumental Neo-Byzantine-style building was built for almost 70 years (from 1935 to 2004).
Skadarlija is one of the most charming places in Belgrade. This is an old quarter with cobbled streets and architecture of the 18-19th century, formerly chosen by the bohemian, and now filled with cafes and restaurants.
Church of St. Mark
St. Mark's Church is a beautiful neo-Byzantine church completed in the 1930s. Contains a crypt in which 19th-century clergymen and Serbian royal people rest.
Republic Square is one of the central squares of Belgrade, which is the center of a vibrant business district. On the square is the national theater and museum. The equestrian statue created by Italian sculptors depicts the Serbian prince Milos Obrenovic (one of the heroes of the national liberation movement).
Knez Mikhailova is the main avenue of Belgrade and one of the main shopping streets of the Serbian capital. Here, among beautiful neoclassical mansions, you can find many shops, restaurants and bars.
Gardos Tower is a monument of the Austro-Hungarian period, which rises above the right bank of the Danube in the oldest part of the Belgrade district of Zemun. This beautiful building in the style of eclectic architecture was built at the end of the 19th century to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of the Hungarian settlement on the Pannonian Plain.
Right under the Gardos Tower is a beautiful promenade with plane trees and magnificent views of the Danube.
St. Michael's Cathedral is a magnificent neoclassical cathedral built in the first half of the 19th century. The church played an important role in the struggle of Serbia for independence, therefore, some national Serbian heroes rest here.
Old and New Courtyard
The Old and New Courts - the former residence of the Serbian princes, and now - the official residence of the President of Serbia. The old courtyard was built in the late 19th century in the style of classicism. The new courtyard dates from the 30s of the 20th century and has Renaissance architecture.
Avala Tower is the highest structure in the Balkans (135 m), located a few minutes drive from Belgrade on the hill of the same name. It was built in 1965 for telecommunications. Destroyed in 1999 during the bombing of Yugoslavia by NATO aircraft and rebuilt in 2010.
House of the National Assembly
The House of the National Assembly is one of the most beautiful and photogenic buildings in Belgrade, in which the Serbian parliament sits.