In one of the poorest countries in the world, Bolivia, near the town of Sucre, there is a wall of dinosaurs that the whole world has already learned about, although previously it was not noticeable. In the same place is a small cement plant, along which a huge wall is located, the height of a 30-storey building, 1.2 km long.
This place in Bolivia began to gain popularity in 1994, when Klaus Shutt went for a walk to the factory. From the discovered picture he was just in shock. This unusual construction aroused particular interest in Klaus Schutta, because, firstly, its large size surprised, and secondly, traces of dinosaurs were captured here. In 1998, a whole group of scientific researchers arrived in Bolivia, led by paleontologist Christian Meyer from Switzerland, to study the stone wall.
Scientists have found that the traces on the wall of the dinosaurs really belong to these prehistoric animals, and they were counted at least 5,000. At this place many different examinations were carried out, with the help of which it was concluded that 294 dinosaurs left traces, about 68 million years ago. It was then that this area was filled with fresh water, for which these animals came. After some time, the local area turned into a mountain range, as a result of which there was a movement of tectonic plates, with the help of which the former bottom of the lake was raised to the surface.
Since 2006, many tourists come to see the Dinosaur Wall in Bolivia. Here, the local authorities organized a dinosaur museum, where these ancient animals are presented in full growth. Travelers enjoy watching the models of the animals themselves, and then they go to taste the unique find that the dinosaurs themselves left us as a gift. The museum is of course paid, but what you saw is undoubtedly worth it.
Square May 25
Judging by historical sources, the capital of Bolivia, the city of Sucre, was founded in 1538, and its main attraction is a large area in the historical part of the city - Plaza 25 de Mayo.
In the very center of the square there is a monument to Jose Antonio Sucre, the closest ally of Bolivar and the second president of independent Bolivia. The area is surrounded by administrative buildings, the city hall, the Freedom House.
Under spreading palm trees located cafes, restaurants and souvenir shops. This place is always crowded, and local boys earn by cleaning shoes for passers-by.
The unique archaeological complex on the shores of Lake Titicaca began to be explored at the end of the 19th century. Archaeologists have proved that the heyday of the city fell on the III-X centuries, and in the Middle Ages it was settled by the descendants of the Ainar Indians.
The city settlement had powerful fortifications in the form of ditches and massive walls, and in the city itself there were religious buildings, artisan quarters, as well as a water supply system.
It was here that the Tiwanaku culture was born, especially revered by the Incas, and all religious buildings had the correct geometric shape.
Gates of the sun
On the territory of Tiwanaku is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, included in historical science under the name "Gate of the Sun."
The monumental building 3 m high and 4 m wide was erected from solid stones, on which relief images were later painted.
Scientists were able to decipher the records, which turned out to be a unique Native American calendar, consisting of 290 days. Archaeologists also found that the gates were originally covered with sheets of gold.
One of the main attractions of the South American country, which in 2000 was inscribed on the World Heritage List.
The Akapan pyramid was built from solid processed stones on top of a high plateau. Historians and archaeologists cannot yet reveal secrets of how the ancient builders managed to build such a powerful structure, because the weight of some blocks exceeds 200 tons.
To preserve the unique monument, the authorities decided to carry out restoration work, supplementing the missing fragments of the pyramid with burnt brick.
In 1994, near Sucre, cement workers discovered a wall with traces of dinosaurs during the development of limestone.
Later, paleontologists calculated that on the wall are the remains of more than 6 thousand dinosaurs. This place is called Kal Orko, and its visit takes tourists millions of years ago, at a time when the majestic dinosaurs were sovereign masters of the planet.
Unique traces were preserved due to the fact that huge clouds of volcanic dust covered the limestone wall, leaving the descendants with unique impressions of a past life.
Another Inca city, whose name is translated from the Quechua language as “Incan revenge”, is located high in the Andes, and was at one time a major commercial and cultural center.
The unique archaeological site is located at an altitude of almost 3 thousand meters above sea level, and it was founded during the reign of Tupac Inca Yupanka around the 70s of the XV century.
Within the city there were many temple complexes, and the largest is the Assembly House. In addition, in the western part there is a hexagonal gear plate, which served the inhabitants as a calendar and a tool for astronomical calculations.
It is known that the Amazon River flows through the territory of Bolivia, but here is the largest alpine and navigable lake Titicaca, located at an altitude of 3,810 m.
Translated from the Indian language, the name of the lake is translated as “stone cougar”, because in its form it really resembles these graceful animals. In addition, water contains a large amount of salt, and an area of 8,287 km2 will amaze even experienced tourists.
There are many islands on the surface of Titicaki, and Ainara and Quechua Indian tribes live around the lake.
Cristo de la Concordia
Near the city of Cochabamba there is a high hill, and at the very top of the hill there is a statue of Jesus Christ.
The pedestal under the figure has a height of 6.2 m, and the statue itself rises 34.2 m above the pedestal. The unique monument was designed by the Terrasas Pardu brothers, but the prototype was the monument of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro.
The monument itself was finally erected in 1994, and this statue weighing 2,200 tons at that time was the tallest statue of Jesus Christ in the world.
In the Eduardo Avaroa National Park, which is located in the south-west of the country, there is a unique lake with brown-red water.
Such an unusual color of water in the lake is caused by sedimentary mineral rocks, and some algae growing in the water also add color.
In 2007, the lake could be included in the list of wonders of the world, but it did not gain the right amount of votes. On the shores of a wonderful lake you can find graceful flamingos, and on the surface there are small islands formed by the mineral of borax.
And about other no less beautiful lakes in the world, read on our website by clicking on the link.
Ethnographic Museum of Miners
In the city of Oruro is a unique ethnographic museum of miners, which was equipped in one of the mine workings, not far from the Sanctuary of Virgin Socavono.
An excursion to the bowels of the mine lasts 40 minutes, during which tourists can get acquainted with the working conditions of the miners, and the guide will tell about the life of these mountain daredevils.
In such mining workings, mainly Indians worked, which saved them from complete extermination. The fact is that no one dared to replace the Indians in the mines, and therefore the mine owners cherished them like the apple of an eye.
At 11 km from the town of La Paz there is an amazing valley, the landscape of which really resembles the surface of a satellite of the Earth.
The intricate and bizarre labyrinth of rocky cliffs, canyons, craters and depressions was formed many centuries ago under the influence of natural phenomena. The whole territory of the valley is fenced, and safe tourist routes are laid along it.
Some stones resemble animals in their outlines, and the most popular rock for photographing is the “tortoise”.
Salar de Uyuni
The Uyuni solonchak is known to the whole world as the largest in the world, and there is a dried-up salt lake in the south of the Altiplano mountain plateau.
The thickness of salt, which covers the entire area of a unique natural object, reaches from 2 to 8 m. When the rainy season begins in this part of the planet, the lake is covered by water, and the surface of the mountain salt marshes looks like a huge mirror reflecting clouds and stars. That is why the salt marsh is included in many ratings of the most beautiful places on Earth, including the list from most-beauty.ru.
In addition to salt, geologists discovered other useful minerals, such as lithium and magnesium, and the salt desert in Bolivia delights many tourists with its unearthly landscape.
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
A true pride and unique place of the entire basin of the majestic Amazon, Noel-Kempff-Mercado Park is located in the north-east of the country.
This is one of the largest in the world, because the park covers an area of almost 1.5 million hectares. On such a huge area there are several ecological systems, from impenetrable shrouds to the evergreen forests of the Amazon.
The fauna of the amazing park is also diverse, and in the waters of the river you can still find an exotic fish - the Bolivian butterfly.
In the city of Potosi, which during the colonial expansion of Europeans was the main city of the South American continent, there is a unique museum “Mint”.
The museum displays rare exhibits, from Native American mummies to coins minted from gold. The museum opened its doors to visitors in 1773, and now it occupies a whole block in the center of a cozy town.
The most mysterious exhibit is the Maskaron mask, which appeared in the courtyard in 1885. Locals believe that the mysterious picture is one of the images of the deity, although there is, most likely, a rational explanation for this.
The economy of Bolivia in the XIX-early XX centuries developed thanks to the extraction of valuable minerals, and for their transportation began to actively build railways.
The town of Uyuni in the southwest has become an important nodal station. The Indians opposed the construction of railways. The authorities, with the help of the Armed Forces of Bolivia, were able to agree with the Indians, but the depletion of minerals caused more damage to the railway connection.
Roads were no longer needed, and a cemetery of steam locomotives appeared 3 km from Uyuni, which has been rusting for almost a century under the scorching sun of Bolivia.
Road of death
In history, there are several versions of the appearance of this road connecting the towns of La Paz and Koroyko. According to one hypothesis, Paraguayan prisoners erected it in the 30s of the XX century, according to another version - in the 70s one of the US construction companies worked here.
The road of death in Bolivia runs high in the mountains and descends from an altitude of 3,600 m to 330 m above sea level. Only 70 km of a very narrow mountain road, on which it is very difficult to drive two cars.
According to statistics, up to 25 accidents occur on the most dangerous road in the world, in which from 100 to 200 people die.
So we found out where Bolivia is located on the world map, and also presented photos and descriptions of the most beautiful places and attractions of this Latin American country. We hope that we have satisfied the curiosity of our readers, and now, going to Bolivia, you know what to see in a country with such a beautiful and proud name.